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Important SFI from Ch. 2 & 3
Terms in this set (35)
English adventurer who started the colony of Roanoke.
Where the firstborn son inherits all the land, leaving the younger sons landless.
First joint stock company that was given a charter to settle the New World.
Took over the Jamestown colony and provided strong leadership to get them through the starving time.
First group of Native Americans encountered in the New World.
Act of Toleration
Religious toleration for all Christians in Maryland.
Basis of West Indies economy.
Virginia & Maryland
Rhode Island & Massachusetts Bay
New England Colonies
New York & Pennsylvania
Mid Atlantic Colonies
Busiest port city of the South.
Founder of Maryland.
Took over the Jamestown colony and provided strong leadership to get them through the starving time. Said "he who shall not work shall not eat"
House of Burgesses
Colonial self-government - could make laws for Jamestown (and later, the rest of Virginia).
Colonial assembly of Massachusettes
In order to get more people to Virginia, the Virginia company offered 50 acres of land to anyone in America that would pay for an indentured servant. Led to HUGE plantations.
Event in 1676 that caused the switch from indentured servitude to slavery.
Maryland was original set up as an area where this group could practice freely.
Captain in charge of defending New England colonists against Native attacks.
Agreement to form a government once Pilgrims reached the new world.
Separatist group that established Plymouth
Governor of Mass Bay Colony who said that his colony would be an example to all the world about how to live a Godly, Christian life.
City on a Hill
Sermon in which Winthrop emphasized that Mass. Bay would be an example of a Christian nation
the "holy experiment" in treating everyone equal (including Africans and Native Americans)
Believed in separation of church and state (no theocracy) and treating the natives fairly. Kicked out and started Rhode Island.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First written constitution of America.
Battle of Mystic River
During the Pequot War, this was when the English and Nagarransett Indians set fire to the huts of the Pequot and then shot the fleeing survivors.
King Philip's War
War that was the last Native resistance in New England.
Dominion of New England
The King re-organized the New England colonies into this administrative unit with the goal to (a) to strengthen colonial defense against the Indians and, more importantly, (b) to regain control by England over America by enforcing the Navigation Acts.
Much hated governor of the Dominion of New England
English event that gave the colonists the perfect excuse to overthrow Andros and the Dominion of New England
Criminal activity that the Dominion of New England was designed to stop
Unofficial policy of not enforcing the Navigation Acts
Perfect example of mercantilisim - laws that required merchants to buy from and sell to England alone.