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Arts and Humanities
600 Test Review
Terms in this set (805)
Technical term for nails?
How much does the nail grow a month?
0.1 mm -3 mm
an appendage of the skin a slender thread like outgrowth of skin and scalp
percentage of keratin in hair?
chemicals that induce cells to divide and grow?
how many melanocytes per square inch?
these cells make molanosome Spheres that are transferred to keratinocytes
one melanocyte deposits how many pigment carrying melanosomes into keratinocytes through its dendrites?
the circulation of blood from the heart to arterioles to capillaries to venules and then back to the heart.
microcirculation problems cause?
Mexican wild yam soybeans red clover Sage hops black cohosh flax St John's Wort licorice root and butcher's broom.
stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratum germinativum.
Layers of the skin
These nerves stimulate arrector pili muscle
motor nerves (efferent)
These nerves reacts to heat cold pain pressure in touch
afferent nerves (sensory nerves)
Clear fluids of the body that resemble blood plasma but contain only colorless corpuscles, bathe the skin cells, remove toxins and cellular waste and have immune functions that help protect the skin and body against diseases
These take electrons from compounds in the body such as proteins, lipids, or DNA
preventing free radical formation is a critical process and complex task antioxidants are vital to neutralize the Chain Reaction caused by free radicals and stabilize free radical electrons protein enzyme vitamins and metabolites are all antioxidants
causes contraction and weakening of blood vessels and small capillaries causing decreased circulation skins surface may appear yellow eyes are grey in color and can look tall lack of oxygen and nutrients accelerate skin aging
anti-inflammatory and antioxidant key factor in tissue repair responsible for maintaining health and several bodily functions coordination balance skin moisture Vision bones and nervous system estrogen has even been linked to memory and emotions
provide a better grip while walking and using our hands this layer also forms are unique fingerprints and footprints
the process in which keratinocytes are continuously shed from the skin.
the process of discrimination and replacement is known as?
stratum corneum has ___ layers of cells?
stratum corneum thickness?
.01 - .04 mm
Keratinocytes on surface of skin are also known as?
cells and oil that are combined to form a protective layer on the stratum corneum.
What is the elastin to collagen fraction in dermis?
what term refers to the study of the structure and composition of the skin tissue?
What are the basic material and building blocks for body tissues?
What is a characteristic of healthy skin?
What is NOT a method by which the body maintains thermoregulation?
Which is the bottom layer of the epidermis?
which layer of the epidermis is known as the grainy cells?
What is the average adult skin cell turnover rate?
what stimulates melanin production?
Exposure to sunlight
What color is eumelanin?
Dark brown to black
What type of glands secrete oil?
What percentage of hair is comprised of hard keratin?
What is NOT a function of lymph?
Supplying nutrients to the skin
What type of ultraviolet radiation is know as burning rays?
What effect does nicotine have on the body?
Contraction of the blood vessels
Where do Phythoestrogens come from?
The Functions, layers, and anatomy of the skin are the foundation estheticians need to learn before caring for the skin
It is important for an esthetician to consider how the skin cell layers function before choosing ingredients and treatments for clients.
The liver is the largest organ of the body.
A primary physiological benefit of massage is that it decreases circulation, helping clients to relax.
The body protects itself from the cold by dilating the blood vessels and increasing blood flow.
Triglycerides, ceramides, waxes, and fatty acids are made in the stratum germinativum.
Damage to DNA triggers melanocyte stimulating hormones to produce melanin.
Blood vessels, sweat glands, and sensory nerves are located in the dermis.
The hypodermis increases and thickens with age
Hair is an appendage of the skin
Collagen and elastin are more widely spaced in the reticular layer than in the papillary layer.
Comedones are formed when the ducts of the sebaceous glands become clogged
UVA rays are more prevalent than UVB rays.
Dilation of the capillary walls
these take the electrons from compounds int he body
Chronic vascular disorder characterized by couperose veins and congestion of the skin
Coiled structures attached to hair follicles found in the underarm and genital areas that secrete sweat.
Binding of a protein molecule to a glucose molecule, resulting in the formation of damaged, nonfunctioning structures
Fibrous protein that forms elastic tissue and gives skin its elasticity
Sweat glands found all over the body with opening on the skin's surface through pores
This creates a protective cushion that gives contour and smoothness to the body, as well as providing a source of energy for the body.
White blood cells that have enzymes to digest and kill bacteria and parasites
Waxy lipid molecules important to barrier function and water-holding capacity
outermost layer of skin
Support layer of connective tissues below the epidermis
Loose connective tissue and adipose tissue found below the reticular layer
Denser and deeper layer of the dermis, comprised mainly of collagen and elastin
This connects the dermis to the epidermis
Top, outermost layer of the epidermis
This is composed of cells that resemble granules and are filled with keratin
Single layer of basal cells laying on a "basement membrane"
Thin, clear layer of dead skin cells under the stratum corneum
This is also known as the spiny layer
What is a benefit of massage?
Helps slough off dead skin cells
How long should a facial massage be performed during a facial?
10 to 15 min.
What is NOT a contraindication for facial massage?
What is the most stimulating form of massage
When should the Dr. Jacquet movement be performed as a part of a facial treatment?
What is an effect of reflexology?
Where should you perform kneading type movements?
What should you do when performing a standard relaxing massage?
Warm the product before applying it
What should you do during a standard facial massage when your fingers reach the clients temple?
Pause for a moment and apply slight pressure
Where should you NOT perform tapping movements during?
It is very important for estheticians to know the contraindications for massage.
Estheticians are allowed by law to perform many types of massage, including deep tissue work.
You should use the ends of your fingertips when performing effleurage
Vibration should be performed for at least one minute on each area of the face being massaged.
Every muscle has a motor point where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of that muscle, nerve stimulation, and overall relaxation
pressure point massage is a form of effleurage.
When performing a facial massage, an even tempo promotes relaxation
Massage movements should be focused on using pressure so that the direction of blood flow is moved away from the heart, toward the extremities
You should use moderate-to-heavy pressure when making downward movements on the side of the face.
Appropriate massage movements are based on the anatomy of the facial structure, nerves, and muscles.
Massage should not be performed as a part of back facials or body treatment.
Most massage techniques are based on Swedish massage movements
You should use tapping movements when transitioning from the underside of the chin to the right cheek.
Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage.
Form of friction in which you grasp the flesh firmly in one hand, and move up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm in a steady position
Soft, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers and palms in a slow and rhythmic manner
Rapid shaking movement in which he technician uses her or his body, not just the fingertips to create the movement
Rubbing movement that involves maintaining pressure on the skin while fingers or palms are moved over the underlying structure.
Form of friction that involves vigorous movement with the hands placed a small distance apart on both sides of the arm
Form of acupressure that may be used in conjunction with effleurage
Form of Friction used on the arms and legs to apply pressure to the tissues
Form of massage that consists of fast tapping, patting, and hacking movements
Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out; used mainly for massaging the arms.
Massage movement in which the wrists are kept flexible so that the palms cone in contact with the skin in a light, firm, and rapid strokes.
What term refers to the ability to produce an effect?
What term indicates that a product is capable of destroying bacteria?
What term refers to a resistance to disease that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living?
What is scabies?
Contagious disease caused by the itch mite
What does the term porous mean?
Made or constructed of a material that has openings
What are bacilli?
Short, rod-shaped bacteria
What are staphylococci?
Pus-forming bacterial that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes
What are flagella?
Slender, hair-like extensions used by parasites for locomotion
What is a microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers?
What is methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus?
Type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to antibiotics
What is a responsibility of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?
Registering all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States
What happened in 1985 that triggered the creation of Universal Precaution?
AIDS public health crisis
What is a responsibility of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)?
Studying diseases and providing guidance to prevent their spread
What set of practices replaced Universal Precautions in 1996?
When should an adhesive bandage be used?
In response to an exposure incident
What is true of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)?
It is a basic element of first aid every esthetician should known
When should you call emergency medical technicians (EMTs)?
As soon as possible after any significant accident has occurred
How many levels of burns are there?
What is a fluid created by infection?
What is the term for illness related to conditions associated with employment?
What part of the body does tine a pedis affect?
What disease is caused by bacteria transmitted through coughing or sneezing?
What is the term for any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size?
What is the body fluid or secretion to which Standard Precautions do NOT apply?
When should you apply a mask, eyewear, or gown, according to Standard Precautions>
If the splashing of body fluids is likely
What should you do FIRST when responding to an exposure incident?
Stop the service
When in the process of responding to an exposure incident should you recommend that the client see a physician if symptoms develop?
At the end of the process
What term refers to disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood?
What is infection control?
Methods used to eliminate or reduce transmission of infectious organisms
What term refers to the process for properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies to reduce contamination?
What is the difference between rules and laws?
Rules are more specific than laws
Which organization regulates and enforces safety standards to protect employees at work?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
What can you find on Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)?
Information about possible hazards and safe use of products
What must every employee in the salon do after reading each MSDS that comes into the salon?
Verify having read the MSDS
What part of the body is MOST often affected by folliculitis?
Bearded areas of the face
What term indicates that a product is capable of destroying viruses?
What term indicates that a person shows no signs or symptoms of infection?
What term refers to a reaction caused by extreme sensitivity to a normally harmless substance?
What is the term for the number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface?
What is true of touching?
Touching is the most common method of spreading infection
What does the term immunity refer to?
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
What term refers to the invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogens?
What is the condition in which the body reacts to injury irritation, or infection?
What is sterilization?
Process that completely destroys all microbial life
What is a type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects?
What is true of fourth-degree burns?
They always require medical attention
What term refers to a parasitic particle that infects and resides in the cells of biological organisms?
What term refers to various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms?
What is the most common term for tinea versicolor?
What is a systemic disease?
Disease that affects the body as a whole
What is NOT and issue addressed by OSHA standards?
Gender equality in the workplace
What are the two new cells created through binary fission called?
What is the most common way that communicable diseases spread?
What is the most common type of bacteria
What is a sign that a client has human papilloma virus (HPV) or pantar warts?
Clusters of small black dots on the bottom of the foot
What for of decontamination is NOT recommended for use in salons or spas?
What is a characteristic of an ideal disinfectant?
Includes strips for checking effectiveness
what statement about phenolic disinfectants is true?
They are a form of formaldehyde
What should you do when using disinfectant?
Follow the instructions on the label for diluting it
What should you NOT do when using disinfectants?
Place them in unmarked containers
When should you wash your hands?
Before and after a service
What should you do next after stopping the service when a client is accidentally cut and starts to bleed?
Put on gloves
How long should you flush a client's eyes with water if a product gets into them
What type of burn affects all layers of the skin and causes, blistering, swelling, and scarring?
A statute is a law
Bacteria can exist almost anywhere.
Spores can be harmed by disinfectants and temperature extremes during the inactive stage.
Disinfectants used in the salon should carry an EPA-registration number and identify the specific organisms they are effective in killing.
Bacterial cells manufacture their own food through what they absorb from the surrounding environment.
Some people that carry MRSA bacteria are not aware of their infection, but can infect others.
Multiple quats contain sophisticated blends of quats that work together to dramatically increase the effectiveness of these disinfectants.
It is safe to use any amount or strength of bleach with all metal and plastic implements.
State rules require that all multiuse tools and implements be cleaned and disinfected before and after every service unless they are being used on the same person.
Any disinfected item that has been touched or exposed to air is considered contaminated.
Certain additives and powders can be used in place of cleaning and disinfecting whirlpool foot baths.
Mascara wands and makeup applicators can safely be cleaned, disinfected, and reused.
Properly washing your hands is one of the most important actions you can take to prevent spreading germs from on person to another
Bloodborne pathogens are more difficult to kill than germs that live outside the body.
When washing your hands, the water should be as hot as you can tolerate.
Current emergency contact information should be posted clearly by each telephone in the salon.
When washing your hands, the process for brushing both hands should take about 15 seconds to finish.
Round shaped bacteria that appear singly or in groups
medical term for athlete's foot
corkscrew shaped bacteria
One form of this is touching a contaminated countertop
One form of this is passing body fluids through kissing
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or testing.
Short rod shaped bacteria
These work to break down stubborn films and remove the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks
Who used cosmetics for personal beautification, for religious ceremonies, and to prepare the deceased for burial?
Why did ancient Hebrews practice grooming rituals?
They believed that their bodies were gifts to be cared for
What exemplified the ideal of beauty in ancient Japan?
When did women have high hairstyles that incorporated wire cages with springs to adjust height, and sometimes contained gardens and live animals?
Age of Extravagance
Where were makeup and showy clothing encouraged during the Victorian Age?
What was a major cause of changes in style, skin care, and innovation of the beauty culture during the twentieth century?
What term refers to a person devoted to, or professionally occupied with , skin health and beauty?
Which career requires a knowledge of cosmetic chemistry, makeup and camouflage techniques, and business skills?
Who do commercial photographers often employ to work with models?
Where are you likely to find licensed massage therapists working today?
One reason it is important to study the history of esthetics is that understanding how materials used in early beauty preparations can help in determining how materials are used today.
In early times, grooming and skin care were practiced primarily for attractiveness.
The ancient Romans are known for blending the edges of their natural scenery into their looks.
Since ancient times, Africans have created remedies and grooming aids from the materials found in their natural environment.
The practice of beauty culture disappeared during the Middle Ages and returned during the Renaissance.
It was a common practice during the Renaissance for women to apply highly colored preparations to their lips, cheeks, and eyes.
The growth of the internet has made consumers less knowledgeable about cosmetic products and procedures.
The popularity of cosmetic surgical procedures has steadily increased since the late 1990's.
Private labeling and branding allow estheticians to create lines of products as simple or complex as they desire
Any esthetician can prescribe and administer preparations from a compounding pharmacy.
The director of a school works closely with teachers, counsels students about licensing and placement, and maintains relationships with trade organizations and industry experts.
Estheticians interested in a career in product development should take classes in cosmetic chemistry.
Consumers are remaining in the workforce longer than previous generations, which has led to an increased demand for esthetics products and services.
Modern consumers view personal skin care products and services as a luxury more than as a routine.
As the population ages, it is expected that estheticians will find opportunities in new settings, such as lifestyle and retirement centers.
Ancient Hebrews used this substance to prepare an ointment for cleansing.
Ancient Hebrews used this to create balms to keep in body heat
Ancient Hebrews used this substance in tincture form for oral hygiene
Ancient Greeks bathed in this and then dusted their bodies in fine sand to protect themselves from the sun.
In ancient Japan, married women and courtesans made a paste of sake, tea, and this substance to black out their teeth.
Performs facials and facial massage, waxing, and body treatments, applied both manually and with the aid of machines
day spa esthetician
May work in a mortuary, preparing the deceased for viewing
Frequently travels to markets, trade shows, and manufactures' showrooms, and estimates the amount of stock the operation will need over a particular period
Calls on spas, salons, drugstores, department stores, and specialty businesses to help build clientele and increase product sales.
Performed services for pre-and postoperative patients
The practice of beauty culture disappeared during the Middle Ages and returned during the Renaissance.
What can you do to begin your journey of success right now?
Visualize yourself as a successful esthetician
What is an important part of showing respect for others?
using good manners
What term refers to putting off until tomorrow what you can do today?
Where should you study?
Quiet spot in the library
When you prioritize, you make a list of tasks in what order?
most important to least important
How long does it take to perform most facials?
What is another common term for ethics?
code of conduct
What is NOT one of the ingredients of a healthy, well-developed attitude?
What personal characteristics show that you have a good work ethic?
Trust worthy and hard working
What term refers to impression projected by an esthetician's outward appearance and conduct in the workplace?
What term refers to the daily maintenance if cleanliness and healthfulness through certain sanitary practices?
What food should estheticians AVOID during work hours because its odor can linger?
What type of approach is generally best when when applying makeup?
Clean and natural
What should your makeup do?
Accentuate your best features
What is NOT part of your physical presentation?
What is the science of designing the workplace, it equipment, and tools to make specific body movements more comfortable, efficient, and safe?
What should you do to maintain good standing posture?
Balance your neck directly above your shoulders
What should you do when sitting?
keep your back straight
What helps to enhance your professional image?
What should you do when a conflict arises?
Be assertive without being overbearing
What should you do when faced with a no-win argument?
Remove yourself from the situation
When people are secure, how do they feel?
What is NOT one of the golden rules of human relations?
Bear down and work harder when you are overwhelmed
When should the client intake form be mentioned to the client?
When the client schedules the appointment
What questions should you ask clients about their lifestyle during the consultation?
What do you do for a living
What is the final step of the 10-step consultation process?
Reiterate everything you and the client have agreed upon
What should you try to do when a situation with a client is beyond your control?
Communicate past the issue
Generally, if clients are more than _______ late, they should be asked to reschedule.
What should you do when faced with a difficult client?
Use language that evokes a positive response
What should you AVOID when communicating with your salon manager?
Complaining about colleagues
Earning the respect of others helps build your self-esteem.
You must have a solid understanding of how long each treatment you offer will take in order to manage your time effectively.
If a client asks about a product and you do not know the answer, you should lie or guess at the answer.
As an esthetician, you work one-on-one with clients and never as part of a team, true or false?
Being sensitive means you have to let people take advantage of you, true or false?
When you follow your own advice and practice good skin care, clients will develop confidence in your ability to do the same for them.
Salons generally encourage estheticians to wear heavy perfume.
Balance is one of the most important factors in promoting and maintaining health
It is more important for the shoes you wear at work to be stylish than conformable
A Bare midriff is inconsistent with a professional image
How you carry yourself can prevent fatigue and other physical problems.
When standing, you should lift your upper body so that your chest is out and up.
When a conflict arises, you should count to 10 and think before you speak.
Strong professional relationships are based on trust.
If you know a person well, you will always understand exactly what they need.
You should always be yourself when greeting new clients.
Even if a client seems to be a good candidate for a procedure, you should let them know that you will conduct a through analysis of their skin before making a final determination
You should never add information to the intake form after the consultation has begun.
When a client is dissatisfied and you cannot change what she is unhappy about, you must honestly and tactfully explain why you cannot make a change.
When you take your temperature, you evaluate your own mood.
This is based on inner strength and begins with trysting you ability to reach your goals
Having this involves actively deciding how you will meet your goals rather than just letting things happen
This is what propels you to do something
A well thought out process to achieve what you want in the long term
You should note these and use them as a quick study guide when preparing for tests
you should give yourself this whenever you are frustrated, overwhelmed, irritated, worried or feeling guilty about something
This reinforces frustration and costs you valuable time and energy
The moral principles by which we live and work
Learning how to handle a confrontation as well as letting people know how you feel without going overboard.
A combination of understanding, empathy, and acceptance is called:
What body system doe vascular lesions involve?
What type of lesions are lesions in the early stages of development or change?
What type of lesions change the structure of tissues and organs?
Where do steatomas usually appear?
Scalp, neck, and back
What color dye is a common allergen that causes allergic contact dermatitis?
What causes the itchy feeling that often accompanies contact dermatitis?
What is the biggest external cause of pigmentation disorders?
What color pigmentation is associated with pregnancy mask?
How often should people visit a physician to check for cancerous lesions?
Once a year
What is statement about acne is true?
Acne is Hereditary
Where are sebaceous filaments often found?
What does adrenaline help the body to do?
Cope with stressful events
What is NOT an example of a food that can irritate acne?
What grade of acne is cystic acne?
What is a potential side effect of using tretinoin (Retin-A)?
You should never work on any skin condition you do not recognize.
Estheticians are trained to diagnose and treat skin disorders and diseases.
A closed comedo forms when the openings of the follicles are blocked with debris and white cells.
Acne pustules in hair follicles are infectious.
Folliculitis is a common condition in men.
Initial Exposure to an allergen does not always cause an allergic reaction
If a client has a hair in a mole, you should simply pluck it out.
Sebaceous hyperplasia lesions can be removed by extractions
An allergic reaction occurs when the immune system mistakes a toxic substance for a nontoxic substance.
Anhidrosis requires medical treatment
Skin cancer risk increases with cumulative UV sun exposure.
Tanning in a tanning bed is considered a safe way to tan
Infrequent, intense UV exposure may cause a higher risk for melanoma than chronic continuous exposure does.
Bacteria in the follicles can only live if oxygen is present.
Sebuym soothes the follicles, preventing inflammation.
Moisturizers and sunscreens that are oil-in-water emulsions are preferred over those that are water-in-oil emulsions
Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, resulting in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure.
Inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases, the formation of papule and pustules.
Razor bumps without the pus or infection
Inflammatory skin condition caused by an allergic reaction from contact with a substance or chemical
Allergic reaction by the body's histamine production
White, yellow, or flesh-colored benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face
Acne-like condition around the mouth, consisting mainly of small clusters of papules
Capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger, or distended blood vessels
Excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics, medications, or medical conditions
Dilation of the blood vessels
Chronic, relapsing form of dermatitis
Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from a response to injury, infection, or medication
Deficiency in perspiration due to failure of the seat glands
Redness and bumpiness in the cheeks or upper arms, caused by blocked follicles
Increased pigmentation, also known as liver spots
Hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis caused by a virus
Pigmented Nevis, ranging in color from tan to bluish black
Loss of pigmentation
Thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinocytes
Hereditary factor in which dead skin cells build up because they do not shed from the follicles as they do on normal skin
Common form of eczema; mainly affects oily areas; characterized by inflammation, scaling, and/or itching.
redness caused by inflammation is called
Itchy skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white-silver scales
Flat, pigmented area similar to a freckle
Freckles, small yellow-brown colored spots
Malformation of the skin from abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries; also known as a birthmark
Increase of pigmentation due to the melanin production that results from exposure to UV radiation; visible skin damage.
The absence of melanin pigmentation of the body is known as:
Pink or flesh colored precancerous lesions that result from sun damage
superficial, thickened patch of epidermis.
What can cause skin conditions?
Both internal and external factors
Why are the acid mantle and barrier function not as healthy in dry skin?
lack of lipids
What beverage can cause dehydrated skin?
What skin type is indicated by larger, visible follicles over most of the face?
What type of skin is characterized by fragile, thin skin and redness
What statement about Fitzpatrick type III skin is true?
The hair and eye color for this skin type vary
What Fitzpatrick skin type is common among people of Middle Eastern descent?
What skin type on the Glogau scale shows wrinkles at rest and is specific to people in their 40s and 50s?
What Rubin classification includes superficial pigment and changes in the epidermis?
What is NOT one of the most common skin conditions estheticians see today?
What condition is characterized by redness and distended capillaries caused by a weakening of the capillary walls?
What term refers to oiliness of the skin
What is the main external cause of aging?
What term refers to the strength or intensity of sunlight t exposure?
what statement about UVB radiation is true?
It has more energy than UVA radiation
What SPF is recommended when selecting sunscreen?
What is NOT a recommended habit for maintaining healthy skin?
Eating foods containing preservatives
What document is a record of all of your notes from the skin analysis, what you used in the treatment, and your home-care recommendations?
What type of treatments are contraindicated for clients with epilepsy?
Electrotherapy and phototherapy
What is NOT a focus of a skin analysis?
Skin care products the client uses at home
Skin analysis should always be performed after you have provided a treatment.
Skin analysis can be a good marketing tool to introduce services and products to clients.
People are born with their skin type
Skin types cannot change over time.
Skin that needs moisture tends to absorb products quickly.
Combination skin requires less care than normal skin does.
Sensitive skin is easily irritated by products and by exposure to heat or sun
It is possible to over-cleanse the skin, and doing so can cause irritation
Darker skin types contain more melanin than lighter Caucasian skin types do.
Black skin has a greater number of melanocytes than Caucasian skin.
Dark skin does not need protection from sun damage.
Beaming through glass weakens UVA radiation.
You may not legally ask clients about contagious diseases, but clients may voluntarily list them on the client questionnaire.
You should not perform extractions on a client who takes blood thinners.
Treatments generally have positive benefits beneath the surface of clients' skin, even if the effects are not instantly visible.
This is thick and lays on top of the skin to reduce transepidermal water loss
Excessive cell turnover and dead skin cell buildup
Skin that appears red with distended capillaries
Skin that lacks water
This evaluates photodamage based on wrinkling categorized by age
Factor that prohibits a treatment due to a condition
Dark areas on the skin
Skin that lacks oil
Skin that lacks oxygen
What statement about skin cleansers is true?
They may contain ingredients to counteract various skin problems
What term refers to a detergent-type "foaming" cleanser with a neutral or slightly acidic pH?
What type of color agent is zinc oxide?
What are the main types of surfactants used in skin-cleansing products?
what substance is an inorganic salt used ass a buffering agent, neutralizer, and pH adjuster?
What term refers to ingredients designed to dissolve keratin proteins on the surface of the skin to make it softer and smoother?
What is NOT a benefit of honey?
How should products be stored to make them last longer?
in dark containers in cooler temperatures
What are alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) commonly used as?
What is an example of an inorganic physical sunscreen?
How often should clients exfoliate at home
once or twice a week
What is NOT a function of antioxidants?
Promoting the development of free radicals
How must ingredients be listed on cosmetic labels?
descending order of predominance
What substance is an inorganic salt used as a buffering agent, neutralizer and pH adjuster
What ingredient cools skin, constricts capillaries , has refreshing properties, and contains menthol?
What is an example of an essential oil that is used as an astringent?
What is an example of a plant that has healing properties?
What is an example of a noncomedogenic cosmetic ingredient?
How often should moisturizers be used?
Twice a day
What term refers to closed-lipid bilayer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, targeting their delivery to specific tissues of the skin?
What ingredient cools skin, constricts capillaries, has refreshing properties, and contains menthol?
What do paraffin masks do?
plump and soften the skin
Exfoliating the skin can treat a variety of skin problems and is necessary for healthy skin.
Essential oils are often used for their natural fragrance.
A Physician must be treating anyone using retinoids.
Oil-free, light lotions that will not clog pores are available for oily skin.
Retailing products is solely about making sales.
Gel masks should only be used on normal or oily skin.
Sun protection is unnecessary when using chemical exfoliants
Physical sunscreens are organic compounds that chemically absorb ultraviolet radiation.
Synthetically produced oils have the same or greater therapeutic value than natural oils.
The body's olfactory system gives us our sense of touch.
Algae and seaweed masks are commonly retailed for home use.
Eye creams are usually thicker to protect thin, delicate tissue.
Retailing products is solely about making sales.
Knowing the daily skin care steps from maintaining healthy skin is necessary in making product recommendations.
A group of oils that are chemically combined with silicon and oxygen and leave a noncomedogenic protective film on the surface of the skin.
Lubricant ingredient derived from plant oils or animal fats
Articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance
This comes from petroleum sources
highly concentrated plant oils with properties that can have various effects on the skin.
Does not contain any water
Fatty materials used to lubricate and moisturize the skin
These components cause the actual changes in the appearance of the skin
These are mixed into the water phase of a product during manufacturing
These allow products to spread, give them body and texture, and give them a specific form, such as a lotion, cream, or gel
Colorants that have been batch certified and approved by the FDA
This is derived from yeast cells and functions as an anti-inflammatory and moisturizing ingredient
Tissue respiratory factor (TRF)
Natural form of vitamin A that stimulates cell repair and helps to normalize skin cells by generating new cells
Closed, lipid bilayer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, target their delivery to specific tissues of the skin and control their release are called:
Spreading agents and carrying bases necessary to the formulation of a cosmetic
What should be located in each treatment room for disinfecting tools and equipment
How long does it typically take to clean up after a service
10 to 15 minutes
what should you use to remove implements from the container of disinfectant solution?
what should you do when disinfecting the equipment and facial room?
remove all used items from the inside of the towel warmer
What should you do when cleaning and preparing the treatment room at the end of the day?
refill the steamer?
what should you do NEXT after checking the water level on the vaporizer when preparing the facial room
replace any disposable implements you may need
When should you ask the client if you can schedule the next appointment?
After the client has paid for the service and take-home products
A UV sanitizer is used to disinfect tools
When using an electric blanket, t should always be placed beneath the bed linens, not on top.
whenever possible, you should soak your implements in disinfectant solution longer than the recommended time to ensure proper disinfection
In most spas and salons there are custodians who are responsible for the cleanliness of the treatment rooms.
Greening a business often strains relations between employees and customers.
One way to green up the facial room is to buy fewer disposable supplies.
Some areas require that you use single-use, throw-away cups instead of washable drinking glasses.
One way to green your business is to print brochures rather than focus on Internet marketing.
Plastic is much easier to recycle than glass.
When making cleansing pads, you should always cut the roll of cotton rather than tear it to ensure clean edges.
This is also called an operator's stool
This is placed under the knees and is used for back support
This is used for the disposal of lancents
This is used to help clients gt on and off the bed safely
This is also know as a hot cabbie
This may be a stationary table or on a roll cart
This is also called a facial chair or bed
separate room for mixing products and storing supplies
Sterilizer for implements
This is used to warm and soften skin
What is a benefit of facial treatments?
Slows down premature aging
What should you do to be successful and maintain client loyalty?
Be aware of the amount of pressure you apply to the face
What is an example of a single-use item?
What item is considered equipment?
What parts of the body are usually bare for facials?
neck and shoulders
What step comes next after softening the client's skin with steam or warm towels when performing a basic facial?
How many extra minutes should you schedule for a client's first visit?
What product is applied LAST when performing a basic facial?
Moisturizer or sunscreen
What is NOT a contraindication for a facial?
What type of cleanser should you use during the cleansing and analysis portion of a facial?
How far should the steamer nozzle be held from the client's skin?
How should massage products be applied?
warm, with fingertips
How often should clients schedule facial services
Once a month
How long should the exfoliation or mask portion of a facial last?
five to 10 minutes
What portion of the facial last the longest?
What should you do after performing a facial treatment?
Remove the dirty linens and remake the bed
What is a focus of the American beauty industry?t
Advance performance ingredients
What is a characteristic feature of seborrhea?
Excessively oily skin
What does an oxygen therapy treatment do?
How long should the mask be applied for when performing a mini-facial?
what should clients with acne do as a part of their home care routine?
use a foaming cleanser with an exfoliant
Where must you apply pressure when performing extractions to achieve optimum success?
skin surrounding the follicular wall
What is a treatment goal for mature skin?
How much water-soluble cleansing lotion should you apply to your fingers when preparing to cleanse the client's skin for a facial?
What type of cleanser is recommended for a sensitive skin treatment?
What type of mask is recommended for acne?
What part of the face has slanted follicular shafts?
What type of product should you recommend for male clients?
What is the FIRST thing you should do when performing a facial, after completing the pre-service procedure?
Cleanse your hands and apply warm towels
When using a lancet for extractions, at what angle should it be inserted?
How long should you use the steamer during ta standard facial treatment?
five to 10 minutes
Massage techniques and your touch, pressure, and flow in the facial are valuable parts of your skills.
As an esthetician, you should strive to attend at least one esthetics class or conference every month.
Clients should remove any dark clothing that will be under the sheets because it easily collects lint.
Clay-lifting masks are hydrating, but do not make exfoliation any easier.
When using a paraffin mask, the treatment cream should be applied on top of the mask.
Clients must actively participate in their own skin care program in order to achieve results.
Stimulating the natural oil of the skin is far more beneficial than just applying heavy oils or creams.
Massage and exfoliation are not recommended for dry skin
Aging skin often lacks elasticity
Stimulating and tying products are ideal or clients with sensitive skin
Clients with acne need to follow regular skin care programs
Products that are oil-free are always noncomedogenic
Practicing stress reduction and good nutrition can be beneficial for clients with acne.
A great deal of pressure is usually necessary to remove blackheads from the follicle
It is necessary to open closed lesions
When applying a cleansing product, you should not lift your hands from the client's face until you are finished.
When removing product from the neck and chest, you should try to use both hands at the same time on each side.
Exfoliation must always be performed immediately after steaming
When performing extractions, you must be careful not to press down
Used lancets should always be wrapped in cotton and throw away in a covered wastebasket.
What step comes next after softening the client's skin with steam or warm towels when performing a facial?
What is NOT a step that can be omitted when performing a mini-facial?
What does an oxygen therapy treatment do?
How many times should you pass over each area when applying cleanser to the client's skin?
What is the FIRST thing you should do when performing a facial, after completing the pre-service procedure?
How long should you use the steamer during a standard facial treatment?
Eight to 12 minutes
How long should you leave a paraffin wax application on a client's skin during a facial treatment?
Facials help maintain the health of the skin and correct certain skin conditions.
Exfoliation is most effective when performed at the end of the facial treatment.
All facials are designed to be stimulating.
With proper treatment, the natural aging process can be reversed and the skin can be restored to the same vital condition of youth/
Aging skin often lacks elasticity.
Brightness such as kojic acid, mulberry, and licorice root are less effective when used with AHAs and BHAs.
Acne facial treatments can significantly affect the skin's appearance.
BHAs are stronger than AHAs.
Products that are oil-free are always noncomodogenic.
Applying a cold compress or towel will aggravate infected skin.
If the skin is dry and tight, extractions will not be effective and will damage the skin.
You should use your fingernails when performing extractions.
Massage is recommended as part of an acne facial.
Men need the same skin care programs that women do, but most men will want to use a greater number of products.
When removing eye makeup, you should rinse under the eyes, sweeping in toward the nose.
When applying a cleansing product, you should not lift your hands from the client's face until you are finished.
When performing extractions, you must be careful not to press down too firmly on the client's nose.
Used lancets should always be wrapped in cotton and throw away in a covered wastebasket.
These seal in moisture and protect the barrier layer of the skin.
These should be placed on the client's face while you analyze the skin.
This is placed under the knees to support the back.
Long-range plan involving home care, salon treatments, and client education
Skin care program
These finish the cleansing process by removing any products left on the slime and help balance the skin's Ph
Professional service designed to improve and rejuvenate the skin
Manually removing impurities and comedones from follicles
Concentrated ingredients used for specific corrective treatments
This should be used to complete a thorough analysis after cleanser
Magnifying lamp (MAG Light)
This is used to warm the skin and promote penetration of ingredients deeper into the skin through the heat trapped under it
Hair grows slightly under the skin, becomes trapped there, and causes a bacterial infection
Individual finger "gloves", used with pieces of cotton wrapped around the fingers
Shrinking of the capillaries and blood flow
This can be applied after extractions to treat the skin
Skin is often dry due to the inactivity of these
Clients should be instructed not to do this to their blemishes
You should never exert pressure o this part of the body when removing products
Medication, drying cosmetics, excessive steaming, and the use of drying packs and masks all contribute to this
The use of this before an extraction helps to prop the skin by softening the plug of dead cells, sebum, and debris from the follicular shaft
Dark pigmentation areas on the skin
Small, sharp, pointed surgical blade with a double edge used to pierce or prick the skin
These are necessary to protect and balance dry skin
This condition results from improper shaving techniques, but does not involve a bacterial infection
This is common for those with sensitive, mature skin
Process used to soften oil and comedones in follicles
What is NOT one of the three main structures of the hair follicle?
What is NOT a method of electrolysis?
What is the main disadvantage of soft wax?
Can irritate the skin
What is an appropriate size for a wax strip for the underarm area?
1-1/2" x 5"
What is NOT an example of a recent treatment or product use that is a contraindication for waxing?
What should you do when performing wax treatments?
do a small patch test of the wax product to be used
What should you do at the end of a waxing service?
apply a cold compress with baking soda mixed in water to sensitive skin
How long do body waxing procedures usually take?
At what angle should you hold the spatula when applying soft wax?
What should you do before applying wax to the client's leg if the skin is dry and flaky?
apply a tiny amount of lotion
As our bodies grow, the follicle density we are born with does not change, but as we age it decreases.
Moderate amounts of sebaceous oil are necessary for healthy skin and hair.
Two hairs cannot occupy the same follicle.
False (Sometimes more than one hair will grow from a single follicle, and hair can grow in many different directions in one are).
Laser and photo light forms of hair removal are commonly performed in salons and spas.
False (Laser and photo light are normally performed in a medical setting)
Light hair responds better to laser treatments than coarse, dark hair.
False (Some lasers work only if one's hair is darker than surrounding skin. Coarse, dark hair responds better to laser treatments than light hair because the laser is designed to target the pigment in the hair).
Sugaring paste can be used over and on the same client until the hair left in the product interferes with the process.
Every client must fill out a real ease form for the hair removal service you are going to provide.
Soft wax should be applied in the direction of the hair growth.
Back waxing generally requires more wax strips due to the hair density.
It is normal for hives and redness to appear after waxing a client's back.
Process of twisting and rolling cotton thread along the surface of the skin to entwine hair and lift it out of the follicle.
Excessive growth of hair where it does not normally grow.
Usually a caustic alkali preparation used for temporarily removing superfluous hair.
Excessive hair growth on the face, arms, and legs, especially in a women.
Final, or resting, stage of hair growth
Ancient method of hair removal that uses a water soluble solution that is easily removed, and is an alternative for clients with sensitive skin who react to waxing
Process of removing hair by means of electricity
Process that destroys the hair by coagulating the papilla through heat
Transition stage of hair growth
Process that produces a quick "flash" of light to shatter the target without allowing heat to build up and burn the surrounding skin.
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL)
What is an example of a monosaccharide?
How many calories are in a single gram of protein?
What is an example of water-soluble vitamin?
A. Vitamin A
B. Vitamin C
C. Vitamin E
D. Vitamin K
C. Vitamin C
What type of food contains vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine)?
C. Mild products
D. Leafy green vegetables
D. Leafy green vegetables
What is NOT a potential consequence of Vitamin E deficiency?
A. Muscular atrophy
B. Heart disease
What mineral is important to fluid balance and controlling the activity of heart muscle, the nervous system, and kidneys?
What is important for proper bone and tooth formation?
B. Vitamin C
C. Vitamin K
How should vitamin E be administered to help heal damaged tissues?
C. Both internally and externally
D. Neither internally nor externally
C. Both internally and externally
How many eight-ounce glasses of water should a person who weighs 144 pounds drink each day, according to the formula described in this chapter?
What is an example of a healthy practice?
A. Grilling or baking rather than steaming or stir-frying
B. Eating only leafy green vegetables
C. Choosing processed foods whenever possible
D. Scheduling routine health checks
D. Scheduling routine health checks
Pregnancy can affect a woman's nutritional needs
Vitamin and minerals are a necessary part of a balanced diet.
Protein is found in large quantities in most vegetables.
False (Large quantities of protein is found in meat, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy products page 203)
Blood glucose will drop too low if a person ingests too many carbohydrates.
False (blood Lacoste or blood sugar can drop too low without adequate carbohydrates page 205)
Eating complex carbohydrates such as whole grains helps to slow absorption of glucose into the bloodstream.
True (page 205)
It is recommended that you try to eliminate fat completely from your diet.
False (Fat is required in the dies, and it is an essential component of good health page 205)
External applications of minerals and vitamins have not been found to benefit the skin.
False (External applications of vitamins and minerals have shown great benefit to achieve skin health page 208)
Foods from plants are a good source of Vitamin D.
False (A good source of vitamin D comes from fortified milk, fish oils, egg yolks, and better. Foods from plants are not a good source of vitamin D page 213).
Absorption of cobalamine (vitamin B12) increases with age.
False (Absorption of this vitamin decreases with age, making deficiency symptoms more likely to occur in older persons page 216).
Excess iodine in a person's diet can trigger acne in some cases.
True (page 219)
Substance that provides energy to cells and converts oxygen to carbon dioxide.
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Organic acids that form the building blocks of protein
These break down the basic chemical sugars that supply energy for the body.
Condition in which bold glucose or blood sugar drops too low
Essential trace minerals and vitamins that we need for proper body functions
Carbohydrate-lipid complexes that are good water binders
These can be synthesized by the body and do not have to be in our diet
nonessential amino acids
Water-binding substances found between the fibers of the dermis
Combinations of two incomplete proteins that, together, provide all the essential amino acids and make a completed protein
The three basic food groups that make up the largest part of the nutrition we eat
What is the most common magnifying lamp magnification?
How long can a properly-maintained magnifying lamp last?
How many times should a brush machine be used on each area of the face?
three times or for about three to five seconds
What is considered to be the most important machine used in esthetics?
How do mineral deposits commonly appear on a steamer?
White or yellow crusty film on the heating element
What can the vacuum machine be used in place of during a facial service?
How should the vacuum be used on clients?
slow horizontal movements on moistened or damp skin
What are the two most common types of electrodes used with the galvanic machine?
Flat and roller
What does cataphoresis do?
Calm or soothe nerve endings
What color light should appear when using the large mushroom electrode of a high-frequency machine on normal to oily skin?
This is also referred to as a loupe
Filtered black light used to illuminate fungi, bacterial disorders, pigmentation problems, and other skin problems
Atomizer designed to apply plant extracts and other ingredients to the skin
Infusion of a negative product
Atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge
Spray misting device
Heat effect; used for permanent hair removal
Chemical reaction during desincrustation where the current transforms the sebum into soap
Machine used to lightly exfoliate and stimulate the skin; also helps soften excess oil, dirt, and cell buildup.
Apparatus that utilizes alternating, or sinusoid always, current to produce a mild to strong heat effect
Smooth, repetitive alternating current
Also known as suction machine; deceive that vacuums/suctions the skin to remove impurities and stimulate circulation
The use of electrical devices for therapeutic benefits
Used in the treatment room for both face and body treatments to provide a warm, soothing, and softening benefit to the skin and are utilized for removing facial masks and softening the skin before doing extractions
Process used to soften and emulsify sebum and blackheads in the follicles
Process of infusing water-soluble products into the skin with the use of electric current, such as the use of positive and negative poles of a galvanic machine or a microcurrent device
What do human cells need to grow and reproduce?
Ability to eliminate waste products
What type of tissue gives smoothness and contour to the body?
What is NOT a function of the skeletal system?
Contracting and moving parts of the body
What bone is also known as the collarbone?
What term refers to the part of the muscle which is the movable attachment and farthest from the skeleton?
What muscle surrounds the upper lip and elevates it, dilating the nostrils?
levator labii superioris
What part of the nervous system controls the body's involuntary muscles?
autonomic nervous system
what makes up the bulk of the brain?
Where are the thalamus and hypothalamus found?
What skin is NOT affected by the supraorbital nerve?
What is the LAST part of the heart through which blood travels before exiting to travel to all parts of the body
What artery supplies blood to the forehead and upper eyelids
What parts of the body receive blood from the anterior tibial artery?
Lower leg and top of the foot
What is NOT a function of the lymphatic system?
To deliver nutrients throughout the body
The body stores, food, and oxygen during Catabolism.
The phalanges are the bones in the finger
The extensors are the muscles that straighten the wrist, hand and fingers to form a straight line.
The smaller occipital nerve is located in the back of the head and affects the scalp as far up as the top of the head.
Platelets perform the function of destroying disease-causing germs.
The common cartoid arteries are the main source of blood supply to the head, face, and neck.
The posterior auricular artery supplies blood to the upper eyelids and forehead
Arteries are found deep in the tissues, and veins lie nearer to the surface of the arms and hands.
The gastrointestinal system is responsible for changing food into nutrients and waste.
Hormones have no affect on the skin.
place where bones meet
chemical process that takes place in living organisms through which cells are nourished and carry out their activities
Whitish cords made up of fibers held together by connective tissue, through which impulses are transmitted
Elimination from the body
This carries the oxygenated blood from the heart throughout the body and back to the heart again
These release secretions called hormones directly into the bloodstream
Automatic nerve reaction to a stimulus
Forms the bridge of the mose
Forms the prominence of the cheeks
Forms the upper jaw
Forms the hard palate of the mouth
Large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward and to the side of the body
Muscle of the chest that assists the swinging movements of the arm
The muscle that covers the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back which shrugs the shoulders and stabilizes the scapula
Muscle of the chest that assists in breathing and in raising the arm
What is an example of an organic substance?
How are elements identified?
By letter symbols
What is it called when a chemical changes its state but not its composition?
What is the general composition of air by volume?
One part oxygen and four parts nitrogen
What is the most commonly used cosmetic ingredient?
What is the range of the pH scale?
0 to 14
A pH if eight __ times more alkaline than a pH of seven.
What is a characteristic of suspension?
How long should a properly-stored emulsion remain stable?
What is an example of an oil-in-water emulsion?
Estheticians work with chemistry every day
Understanding chemistry helps you to understand how to layer products in services.
Inorganic substances are flammable.
False (Inorganic substances are not flammable and will not burn because they do not contain carbon)
Atoms can be divided into simpler substances by ordinary chemical means.
False (atoms cannot be divided into simpler substances by ordinary chemical means).
Most water is pure.
False (water is a chemical)
It may not be beneficial to the skin for the esthetician to cross over in product lines when providing services.
When a substance is oxidized, the oxidizer is always reduced.
Suspensions contain smaller particles than solutions do.
False (suspensions contain larger particles than solutions do).
A disadvantage of oil-in-water emulsions is that they will not easily rise away with water.
False (one advantage of O/W emulsion is that they are easily raised away with water)
A state of matter in which the object has a definite shape and volume.
Matter that has volume, no definite shape and will take shape of its container, such as water.
Matter without a definite shape or size. No fixed volume or shape; takes the shape of its container.
Characteristics that can be determined without a chemical reaction and that do not cause a chemical change in the substance.
Those characteristics that can only be determined by a chemical reaction and a chemical change in the identity of the substance.
Combination of two or more substances united physically, not chemically, without a fixed composition and in any proportions.
Also known as bases; compounds that react with acids to form salts.
Substances that have a pH below 7.0, taste sour, and turn litmus paper from blue to red.
Chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidized
Rapid oxidation of a substance, accompanied by the production of heat and light.
Acronym for surface active agent; reduce surface tension between the skin and the product to increase product spreadability; allow oil and water to mix, or emulsify.
Unstable mixtures of two or more immiscible substances
uniform mixture of two or more substances
oil droplets emulsified in water with the aid of an emulsifying agent
Droplets of water dispersed in oil.
The most abundant element on earth
The separation of an atom or molecule into positive or negative ions
The gaseous mixture that makes up earths atmosphere. Odorless, colorless, and generally consist of about 1 pray oxygen and 4 parts nitrogen by volume.
Mixture of air
The study of substances that contain the element carbon.
The study of substances that do not contain the element carbon, but may contain the element hydrogen
The smallest chemical components (often called particles) of an element; structures that make up the element and have the same properties of the element.
a chemical combination of two or more atoms
Either the addition of oxygen or the loss of hydrogen; a chemical reaction that combines a substance with oxygen to produce an oxide.
The process through which oxygen is subtracted from or hydrogen is added to a substance through a chemical reaction.
The simplest form of matter; cannot be broken down into a simpler substance without loss of identity.
What is an example of a good insulator?
What is the unit that measures the amount of an electric current (the number of electrons flowing through a conductor)?
What does anaphoresis do?
Stimulates and irritates the nerves
What is NOT a benefit of using Tesla high-frequency current?
Decreases elimination and absorption
What is a characteristic of short wavelengths?
What type of ultraviolet (UV) rays are known as the burning light?
What is NOT benefit of LED treatments?
What color LED is used to improve elastin production in the skin?
What color LED is used to reduce hyperpigmentation?
A hair dryer rated at five amps must have a cord that is twice as thick as one rated at 12 amps.
Fuses blow out when too many appliance or faulty equipment are connected to an electricity source.
When a circuit breaker shuts off you should leave your appliance plugged in while you reset the breaker.
Microcurrent travels throughout the entire body, not just the area being treated
Tesla current produces muscle contractions
Flow of electricity along a conductor in a complete circuit
Process of infusing a negative (alkaline) product into the skin
This supplies current to the circuit
Application of light rays to the skin for the skin for the treatment of acne, wrinkles, capillaries, pigmentation, or hair removal
Any material that easily conducts electricity
This indicates the negative or positive pole of an electric current
Constant, even-flowing current that travels in one direction only
direct current (DC)
Extremely low level of electricity that mirrors the body's own natural electrical impulses
Electrical facial treatments
Process of infusing a positive (acid) product into the skin
Substance that does not easily transmit electricity
Rapid and interrupted current, flowing first in one direction and then in opposite direction
Alternation current (AC)
Completes the circuit and carries the current safely away to the ground.
What is NOT a method by which exfoliation can be accomplished?
D. By the use of certain products
How many times should you rinse the skin after removing a chemical exfoliant during a mini-procedure?
B. At least three times
C. No more than four times
D. At least six times
D. At least six times
What class of medical device are lasers and intense pulsed light (IPL) machines?
What color light is considered stimulating when using therapeutic lamps for color therapy?
Pitta is a combination of what two elements?
A. Air and ether
B. Earth and water
C. Fire and water
D. Air and earth
C. Fire and water
Which body treatment involves it he application of an exfoliating, hydrating purification, or detoxification mask to the entire body. Masks may include clay, cream, gel, or seaweed bases?
Which treatment wraps remineralized, hydrate, stimulate, or promote relaxation by using aloe, gels, lotions, oils, seaweed, herbs, clay, or mud?
Which service use friction and products to exfoliate, hydrate, increase circulation, and nourish the skin using a combination of ingredients?
Which spa treatment use water in its three forms: ice, steam, and liquid?
Which body treatment assist with physical ailments using therapeutic water baths with ingredients such as mud or fango, Dead Sea salt, seaweed, enzymes, or peat baths?
Which spa service use hot or cold stones in massage or in other treatments?
What is a technique of applying pressure to the feet based on a system of zones and areas on the feet that directly correspond to the anatomy of the body?
Which service is known by Indian philosophy of balancing life and the body through various methods, based on three doshas?
What is a Japanese technique that's for stress reduction and relaxation that also promotes healing?
Which treatment is for cellulite and helps to stimulate the reduction of adipose tissue by a vacuum massage that combines a vigorous massage along with suction?
A light peel is designed to penetrate into the dermis.
FALSE (Light peels are noninvasive and non aggressive and are designed to treat the epidermis — not the dermis; page 530).
A person's cell renewal factor slows down with age.
The type of exfoliant you choose should be based on the client's skin condition and the results desired.
Microdermabrasion crystals can only be used with a microdermabrasion machine.
FALSE (The crystals can also be used manually without the machine — the process is considered gentler on the skin; page 535)
Microdermabrasion exfoliates the epidermis more effective than a 30 percent AHA product does.
Lasers emit lightwaves of the same wavelength, while non-laser photo devices, such as IPL, use a spectrum of different wavelengths.
LED is a form of thermal technology.
FALSE (LED is a form of nonthremal - no heat; page 538)
Microcurrent works gently and helps speed up the natural regenerative process of the body when used correctly.
Keeping collagen and elastin healthy promotes the production of cellulite.
FALSE (Keeping collagen and elastin healthy helps reduce cellulite; page 547)
Massage softens hardened cellulite.
Ultrasound is deep penetrating.
Medical aesthetic integrates surgical and non surgical procedures with esthetic treatments.
A disadvantage of nonablative wrinkle treatments is that they remove tissue.
FALSE (Nonablative wrinkle treatments do not remove tissue; page 550)
The clinical aesthetician specialty requires compassion and patients because you will work with people who are in pain or experience in physical trauma.
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