71 terms

US History STAAR Review

terms to study for US History STAAR
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1st amendment
Freedom of speech, religion, and press;
2nd amendment
Right to bear arms
3rd amendment
No quartering of troops during peace time
4th amendment
No unlawful search and seizure
5th amendment
No double jeopardy, do not have to testify against yourself
6th amendment
The right to a fast and public trial
7th amendment
Trial by jury
8th amendment
No cruel or unusual punishment
9th amendment
Rights reserved to the people
10th amendment
Powers reserved to the states
13th amendment
Abolished slavery
14th amendment
Gave all US citizens equal protection under the law regardless of color
15 amendment
Gave African- American men the right to vote
16th amendment
Established the federal income tax
17th amendment
The direct elections of US senators
18th amendment
the prohibition of alcohol
19th amendment
the right to vote for women
21st amendment
repealed the 18th amendment and ends prohibition
22nd amendment
sets a term limit for the president
24th amendment
abolished the poll tax
26th amendment
gave 18 year-olds the right to vote, largely due to the draft
Abraham Lincoln
President of the US during the Civil War
Alfred Thayer Mahan
US Admiral who encouraged the US to strengthen its naval poser to become a world power
Andrew Carnegie
Business tycoon who controlled most of the steel industry
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was on of the causes of WWI
The Articles of Confederation
First form of government established by the 13 states
The baby boom
The period from end of WWI through the mid-1960's marked by usually high birth rates
Baker v. Carr
Reapportionment/ one man, one vote
Barbed wire
Used to fence in land on the Great Plains, eventually leading to the end of the open frontier
Battle of Midway
The turning point in the war in the Pacific.
Battle of Wounded Knee
US soldiers massacred 300 unarmed Native Americans in 1890. This ended the Indian Wars.
Bay of Pigs
Failed invasion of Cuba planned by the US government
Benjamin Franklin
Founding father, politician, scientist
Berlin Airlift
US operation that flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviet Union set up a blockade in 1948
Berlin Wall
A wall built by the Soviets to separate East and West Berlin. The wall stood until 1989
Bill of Rights
1st ten amendments to Constitution. Protects individual rights.
Bobby Kennedy
JFK's brother and attorney general. Assassinated 1968
Booker T. Washington
Early African-American leader-believed African- Americans should achieve economic independence before social equality.
Bracero Program
allowed temporary work contracts for Mexican immigrants
Brown v. Board of Education
Made segregation illegal in public schools
Calvin Coolidge
President during Roaring 20's
Cattle Drives
cowboys drove herds of cattle along trials to be shipped to the East by railroad
Cesar Chavez
United Farm Workers activist
Charles Lindbergh
American pilot who made the first non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean
Checks and Balances
Makes sure no branch of the government becomes too powerful
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Made discrimination based on race, religion or national origin in public places
The Civil Rights Act of 1968
Prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of housing
Civil War
1860-1865
Clarence Darrow
Defended John Scopes during the Scopes Trial. He argued that evolution should be taught in schools
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of crops, animals, and disease and ideas of different cultures after Europeans landed in the Americas
Command Economy
Economy in which economic decisions(supply, prices, etc.) are made by the government rather than by market forces.
Containment
The policy that the US should prevent communism from spreading to other nations
Court packing
Where FDR tried to add more members to the Supreme Court to pass his programs
Cuban Missile Crisis
A standoff between the US and the Soviet Union when it was discovered that the Soviets had installed missiles pointed at the US
Dawes Act
Law that attempted to assimilate Indians by giving them individual plots of land
Domino Theory
The belief that if a nearby nation becomes communist then surrounding nations will do the same
Double V Campaign
African Americans pledged to fight for "Double Victory"- victory over Hitler in Europe, but also against racism at home
Douglas MacArthur
US general in charge of the Allied forces in the Pacific Ocean
Dust Bowl
Area of the Great Plains where heavy droughts had dried up the farmland
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US General in Europe during WWII. He was in charge of the Invasion of Normandy (D-Day). Cold War President
Elvis Presley
Early rock n' roll performer
Emancipation Proclamation
Abraham Lincoln freed all slaves in the Confederate states
Escobedo v. Illinois
Rulled criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations
FDIC
(Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)- Insurance for people's bank accounts
Federalism
Power is shared between the states and national government
Federal Papers
Essay written to encourage ratification of the constitution
Fidel Castro
communist leader of cube
Flappers
1920's women began to demand more freedom and assert their independence
Fourteen Points
W. Wilson's proposal for peace after WWI
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
President during Great Depression and WWI. 1933-1945
Free Enterprise Economy
A system by which people can conduct...