Terms in this set (48)
Single major political entity
A few equally influential countries. Power in realm is dispersed.
New ideas and innovations sprung up and spread to other parts. East Asia was the earliest. China is the oldest. North Africa. Middle America. Agricultural specialization, Urbanization developed.
Regions or peoples within a state through negotiation of rebellion, demand and gain political strength.
Government of state rules supreme within its borders. .
State gives up part of their Sovereignty to promote international cooperation.
Two regions are able to satisfy each other's needs through exchange of raw materials and finished products.
Two geographic realms meet
Different cultural groups keep their own identity. Two or more population groups practicing their own beliefs. Mixing inside a single state.
Islam (Sunni and Shia)
Hinduism- Asia- Brahman is like (god,force)// Buddhism- Around 500 B.C. less than 1% in India. 70% in Sri Lanka. Southeast Asia and East Asia. // Islam (Sunni and Shia)- Out of Arabia across the Sahara. Sikhism- AD 1500. Blend of Islamic and Hindu beliefs. //- Judaism- Israel.// Christianity- Orthodox, Roman Catholicism.
Rise and fall of the Soviet Union
Created December 30, 1922, to pull Russia out of WWl. December 25, 1991 issues started, collapsed in 1991.
Economic Objectives of Soviet Union-
Common economy. 1.Accelerate industrialization. 2. Collectivize agriculture. Collect land for state to own and use it. Half of the people. Worked on land and Half business
Population issues in Europe and Russia
Europe had a 30-year war. Disease blew up. Number of workers for taxes went down. Dwindling funds for health care.
Russia- most lived far West. People left after Soviet Union failed. Population declines as death rate exceeds birth or immigration rate.
Multinaitonal economic integration and political coordination. (1957) (included Italy, France, Germany,) Pop clusters. Cultural challenges.
1823) U.S introduced Monroe Doctrine. Americas cannot be colonized by European countries.
Allowed for agriculture and settlement at high altitude, hosting pre- Colombian and modern cities. And in the high mountains Andes Mountains
Independence of Latin American states
1884. Prevented European warfare. Map of Africa.
Most populous state in sub-Saharan Africa?
Regional complementarity in West Africa
Forest and Drylands. Trade salt for Ivory, spices and dried foods. Timbuktu- was a thriving enter of commerce and learning.
Based in Turkey. Founded in 1299. Pushed into Southeastern Europe, Persia, Mesopotamia, and North Africa. Ended in 1922. Divided by European powers after WWl
Economic issues religious repression. Dec 17, 2010. Fail to bring economic progress repression of their own people. Had lost touch with the people.
Sunnis and Shi'ites-
Division of Islam into sections. Shi'ites believed that only a blood relative should succeed as leader. // Sunnis felt that any devout follower was qualified. (Sunnis dominate in number and propelled the expansion of Islam
Shi'ism dominated in Iran, Iraq, into Azerbaijan, western Afghanistan, and Pakistan
Mecca and Medina
- 622 AD- Muhammad fled to Medina and continued his work.
Mecca and Medina the "holy cities" of Islam, along with Jerusalem.
British and French agreement. France gets Syria and Lebanon and Britain get Iraq , Palestine, and Transjordan.
Partition of South Asia
Separation of India and Pakistan 1947
Split between India and Pakistan. (Muslim)
Economics of South Asia: what percentage live in rural vs. urban areas- Rural 70
Favor in the Han. Make area not against the Han people. Trying to convert people to the Chinese way.
Nationalists and Communists in China-
1920's Nationalist and Communists cooperated. Chiang Kai-shek the leader and civil war erupts. Long March (1934-35) 100,000 Communists marched westward to avoid Nationalist attacks. 20,000 survived. In 1949 Nationalist fled after Communist defeated them on the mainland.
Physical Geography of East Asia ( China)
Encircled by Mountains, deserts, cold climates, and Pacific water.
Population sizes of India and China
China to many people 1 child policy for the Hong group. India is set to become the largest by 2050. Currently 1.33 in China and 1.17 in India.
Japanese Empire building
Modernization built on Japanese cultural traditions
Increased efficiency, from producing goods to running railroads to fighting war
Leader of the Chinese Communist Party (1927-1976). He led the Communists on the Long March (1934-1935)( Great Leap Forward) and rebuilt the Communist Party and Red Army during the Japanese occupation of China (1937-1945).
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
MOST important in 20th century. Made China today.
Led China 1978-1992
business-friendly infrastructure. Fast growing. 1980 300,00 people
2010 10,358,381 people. Hundreds of companies. Shenzhen capitalizing on lower wages, fewer taxes, less environmental regulations, and weaker official oversight
Attached to where you came from. If you have it you're initialed to a plot of land just in case the economy shut down.
This system you get free health care and state proved health care for your children in where the Hokou is at
Hong Kong and Macau
Chinese cities that were once controlled by European countries.
Hong Kong (British territory until 1997)
Portugal—Macau Macau (Portuguese territory until 1999)
\2 Special Administrative Regions (SARs)
Hong Kong and Macau
Han and Uighur ethnic groups-
Westernmost margin of China
Significant energy reserves, Chinese space program, infrastructure links to Central and South Asia
Conflict between Han and Uyghur populations
Islam is predominant among minority Uyghurs
Atheism was official Communist policy
About half of population is Han Chinese—Hanification
Incentives offered to Han who move to Xinjiang
Introduced wholesale change in Japanese foreign policy
Aimed at rapid modernization
Emulated the West
Moved the capital from Kyoto to Edo (renamed Tokyo) U.S helped.
Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore
Replicated the Japanese economic miracle
State capitalism - Government controlled corporations competing under free-market conditions, usually in a tightly regimented society
Export processing zones for high value-added goods
Computers, mobile phones, kitchen appliances, and electronic devices
Became trading nations oriented to rich Western markets
Most of world's largest ports are located in East Asia
Exports shipped mainly to North America and Europe
ationalists fled China and came to this country to get away from the Communist influence; still considered an integral part of China but refuses to be reunited with them.
Taiwanese entrepreneurs built thousands of factories in mainland China
40% of Taiwan's exports to China
Over 30 million live in the capital and surrounding region, second largest urban zone in the world (Tokyo)
Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.
Sources of tension in East and Southeast Asia-
The over seas Chinese. SE Asia Tensions between local ethnic majorities and Chinese minorities
Political tensions.- One nation two systems. Taiwan getting away from China.
1895—stolen from China by Japan
1949—Nationalists fled after Communist defeat on the mainland
Japan during WW2 took over southeast Asia
Ethnicity, populations, and religions of Southeast Asia- n-
Contains over half the country's population-
Indonesia has the world's fourth-largest population; largest Muslim majority country in the world-
Majority of population live in Indonesia and the Philippines
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