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at the beginning, show (expose) the characters, setting, and background details

rising action

increasing tension through conflict and struggles


the turning point in a plot where conflict is at its peak; moment of best or worst thing that could happen

falling action

working out the details and resolving conflicts that led to the climax


loose end are tied up and story comes to a close; things are resolved (fixed, solved)

external conflict

character struggles against another person or an outside force

internal conflict

a struggle within the character


a young person having extraordinary talent or ability


extreme boldness or fearlessness


to sink or gradually slip away (into a coma, for example)


a sense of knowing without really thinking; gut feeling


a close friend

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