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33 terms

Elements of a Short Story

This will help people study for the ESS test.
STUDY
PLAY
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told
3rd person omnicient
the pronouns "he", "she", and "they" are used, the narrator knows everything about every character.
3rd person limited omnicient
the pronouns "he", "she", and "they" are used, narrator does not know more than the characters do.
1st person
the pronouns "I", "us", and "we" are used
Character
a person in a story.
Major characters
persons or agents taking part in the conflict of a story.
Minor characters
persons or agents NOT taking part in the conflict of a story.
Direct Presentation
the author tells you what they are like
Indirect Presentation
the author lets the reader come up with their own assumptions about the character.
Characterization
the way of showing what a character is like; the way that a person looks, talks, acts, or thinks
Protagonist
the central character in a story (hero of a story faced with a conflict)
Antagonist
the villain of the story who causes the conflict
Dynamic/Round
a character who changes in personality or attitude, whether for the good or for the bad
Flat/Static
A character who remains the same throughout history
Stock
Stereo typed characters who have occurred so often in fiction that their nature is immediately known (example: mad scientist, prince charming)
Setting
the time and place in which the events of the story take place
Specific Setting
Example: Charlotte's Web - barn and pens, 8:16
General Setting
Example: Charlotte's Web - farm, 1970
Mood
the overall feeling of a story created by the authors choice of words
Symbol
an image, object, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
Imagery
the use of selected details to describe one thing in terms of another.
Theme
a story's point, its key idea that the issue is about. The universal truth or idea.
Foreshadowing
hints about an outcome are given to the readers
Simile
two unlike things compared with "like" or "as"
Metaphor
two unlike things compared without "like" or "as" (example: the field was an endless sea of green)
Plot
the sequence of incidents or events of which a story is composed
Conflict
A clash of actions, ideas, or goals in the plot of a story
Man vs. Man
the conflict is b/w the main character and some other person
Man vs. Nature
the conflict is b/w the main character and physical nature, society, or fate
Man vs. Himself
conflict is between the protagonist and some destructive element in his or her own nature
Climax
the turning point or high point of a story
Denouement
That portion of a plot that reveals the final outcome of its conflicts or the solution of its mysteries
Resolution
denouement