Elements of a Short Story
This will help people study for the ESS test.
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told
3rd person omnicient
the pronouns "he", "she", and "they" are used, the narrator knows everything about every character.
3rd person limited omnicient
the pronouns "he", "she", and "they" are used, narrator does not know more than the characters do.
the pronouns "I", "us", and "we" are used
a person in a story.
persons or agents taking part in the conflict of a story.
persons or agents NOT taking part in the conflict of a story.
the author tells you what they are like
the author lets the reader come up with their own assumptions about the character.
the way of showing what a character is like; the way that a person looks, talks, acts, or thinks
the central character in a story (hero of a story faced with a conflict)
the villain of the story who causes the conflict
a character who changes in personality or attitude, whether for the good or for the bad
A character who remains the same throughout history
Stereo typed characters who have occurred so often in fiction that their nature is immediately known (example: mad scientist, prince charming)
the time and place in which the events of the story take place
Example: Charlotte's Web - barn and pens, 8:16
Example: Charlotte's Web - farm, 1970
the overall feeling of a story created by the authors choice of words
an image, object, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
the use of selected details to describe one thing in terms of another.
a story's point, its key idea that the issue is about. The universal truth or idea.
hints about an outcome are given to the readers
two unlike things compared with "like" or "as"
two unlike things compared without "like" or "as" (example: the field was an endless sea of green)
the sequence of incidents or events of which a story is composed
A clash of actions, ideas, or goals in the plot of a story
Man vs. Man
the conflict is b/w the main character and some other person
Man vs. Nature
the conflict is b/w the main character and physical nature, society, or fate
Man vs. Himself
conflict is between the protagonist and some destructive element in his or her own nature
the turning point or high point of a story
That portion of a plot that reveals the final outcome of its conflicts or the solution of its mysteries