Terms in this set (60)
Thinking in which a general rule or principle if gathered from a series of specific examples; for instance, inferring the laws of gravity by observing many falling objects
Cyclical changes in body functions and arousal levels that vary on a schedule approximating a 24 hour day
Emotional competence, including empathy, self-control, self awareness and other skills
Study of the ways in which behavioral principles can be used to prevent illness and promote health
Illnesses in which psychological factors contribute to bodily damage or to damaging changes in bodily functioning
A severe mental disorder characterized by a retreat from reality (delusions, hallucinations, and social withdrawal)
Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety or distortions in behavior that are anxiety related
Temporary amnesia, multiple personality or depersonalization
A false belief held against all contrary evidence
Emotional disorders involving both depression and mania or hypomania
The scientific study of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders
Moderate depression that persists for 2 years or more
Compulsive or destructive deviations in sexual preferences or behavior
The process of classifying information into meaningful categories
Thought that applies a general set of rules to specific situations; for example, using the laws of gravity to predict the behavior of a single falling object
Moderate manic and depressive behavior that persists for 2 years or more
An insight therapy that focuses on the elemental problems of existence as death, meaning, choice and responsibility
A reduction in fear, anxiety, or aversion brought about by planned exposure to aversive stimuli
Rational emotive behavior therapy
An approach that states that irrational beliefs cause many emotional problems and that such beliefs must be changed or abandoned
The tendency of patients to transfer feelings to a therapist that correspond to those the patient had for important persons in his or her past
An imaginary sensation, such as seeing, hearing or smelling things that don't exist in the real world
Behavioral risk factors
Behaviors that increase chance of disease, injury, or premature death
Personality traits that are shared by most member of a particular culture
Quick, impulsive thought that does not make use of a formal logic and clear reasoning
An ideal model used as a prime example of a particular concept
Thinking directed toward discovery of a single established correct answer; conventional thinking
Psychological tests making use of ambiguous or unstructured
A major disturbance in mood or emotion, such as depression or mania
The tendency to generalize a favorable or unfavorable first impression to unrelated details of personality
The tendency to repeat wrong solutions or faulty responses, especially as a result of becoming blind to alternatives
A personality style associated with superior stress resistance
Physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause
A maladaptive personality problem
A psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, apathy, and a "split" between thoughts and emotion
A bodily symptom that mimics a physical disability but is actually caused by anxiety or emotional distress
A learned inability to overcome obstacles or to avoid punishment; learning passivity and inaction to aversion stimuli
An approach that focuses on immediate experience and awareness and acting into connected whole
The hereditary aspects of personality including sensitivity, activity levels, prevailing mood, irritability and adaptability
Thinking that produces many ideas or alternatives; a major element in creative thought
The study of meanings in word and language
Assumes that people prefer to maintain ideal or comfortable, levels of arousal
The use of psychological principles and research methods to solve practical problems.
A field that focuses on the psychology of work and on behavior within organizations.
A personality trait so basic that all of a persons activities relate to it.
A sudden mental reorganization of a problem that makes a solution obvious.
Information given to a person about his or her ongoing bodily activities; aids voluntary regulation of bodily states.
Information given to a person about his or her ongoing bodily activities; aids voluntary bodily of states
Study of the meaning of body movements, posture, hand gestures and facial.
Culture fair test
A test designed to minimize the importance of skills and knowledge that be more common in some culture than in others.
A learned set of rules that always lead to the correct solution of a problem.
The presence of both masculine and feminine traits in a single person
General Adaptation Syndrome
A series of bodily reactions to prolonged stress; occurs in three stages: alarm, resistance and exhaustion.
The scientific study individuals behave, think, and feel in social situations.
Any bodily therapy, such as drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy or psychosurgery
Study of the evolutionary origins of human behavior patterns
A compulsion by members of a decisions making group to maintain agreement, even at the cost of critical thinking.
Social learning theory
Combines learning principles with cognitive processes, socialization and modeling to explain behavior.
Branch of industrial psychology concerned with testing, selesction, placement and promotion of employees.
An uncomfortable clash between self image, thoughts, beliefs, attitude, or perceptions and ones behavior.
The performance lowering anxiety that arises when people think they are being judged in terms of a stereotype.