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Chapter 11 Section 1+2+3 The Rise+Spread+Islamic Civilization Of Islam

STUDY
PLAY
Oasis
fertile area in a desert
Bedouins
nomadic herders
Bedouin leader
sheikh
Port on the red sea
Jiddah
caravan starting point
mecca
Muhammad
a prophet of islam
Muhammad's wife
Khadijah
The first convert of Islam
Khadijah
the religion did Muhammad follow before islam
Hanif
Angel who ordered Muhammad to preach the word of Allah
Jibreel
Arab Pilgrims came to worship
Kabbah
Muhammad fleed from Mecca to
Yathrib
Yathrib's later name
Medina
Muhammads flee from Mecca was called
Hijra
When Kaaba was destroyed a new religion was born
Islam
Followers of Islam
Muslim
The central belief of Islam
There is no god but God and Muhammad is the prophet
The Holy Book of Islam
Quran
the most common language of islam
Arabic
Five important obligations of worship
Five Pillars of Faith
First Pillar of Faith
Declare of faith
Second Pillar of Faith
Worship 5 Times a Day
Third Pillar of Faith
Give charity to needy
Fourth Pillar of Faith
Fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan
Fifth Pillar of Faith
Pilgrimage to Mecca
A person who recites the call to worship
Muezzin
the struggle to defend the faith
Jihad
muslim place of worship
Mosque or Masjid
Muhammad's successor
Abu Bakr
Successor to the prophet
Caliph
Arabs called non-muslims
people of the book
a group of arabs located at the western end of the Mediterranean
Berbers
He went against the Visigoths in 711 AD
General Tariq
The great rock that guards the strait
The Rock of Gibraltar
Muslims of Spain - orginally berbers
Moors
The Franks defeated the moors
Battle of Tours
believed that the only intercessor between God and his believers is the Quran
Sunni
believed a person is the intercesssor between God and his believers
Shiites
descendants of Muhammad
Imams
Muslim mystics who claimed special knowledge and could communicate with God
Sufis
leader of turks who invaded the middle east
Sultan
Turks defeated Byzantines in 1071
Battle of Manzikert
Ottomans captured constantinople in
1453
religious minorties grouped into communites
millets
groups of slaves which organized into an infantry
Jannissaries
in islam grooms give the bride a marriage gift meaning a dower
sadaq
a small instrument used to determine position of planets and stars
Astrolabe
a physician who wrote about surgery diseases of the eye, small pox and measles
Rhazes
philosopher and physician who wrote Canon of Medicine
Ibn Sina or Avicenna
Scheherzade
wife of story The Thousand and One Nights