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resonant and nonresonant

What are the two major categories of consonant sounds?


Are all resonant consonant sounds voiced or voiceless?

nasals and approximants

What two categories are resonant consonants divided into?

nasals, liquids, and glides

What are the three resonant consonant sounds?

stops, fricatives, affricates

What are the three nonresonant consonant sounds?

little to none

Resonant sounds have what type of constriction in the oral cavity?

an obstruction

Nonresonant sounds are produced with __ in the oral cavity?


Another word for nonresonants sounds is...

vocal cords, anterior

For voiced non-resonant consonants, the vibrating ___ ___ and the area ___ to the constriction create the sound source.


Phonemes that occur at the same place of articulation and differ only in voicing are called...

bilabial, labiodental, interdental, alveolar, palatal, velar, glottal, lingual

What are the places of articulation?


What sounds all have two graphemes?

upper and lower lips

Where are bilabial sounds articulated?

lower lip and upper central incisors

Where are labiodental sounds articulated?

tongue apex moving towards the space between upper and lower teeth

Where are interdental sounds articulated?

tongue blade and alveolar ridge

Where are alveolar sounds articulated?

tongue blade and hard palate

Where are palatal sounds articulated

tongue back and soft palate or velum

Where are velar sounds articulated?

space between the vocal fords

Where does the glottal sound occur?


More English words use these sounds than any other?

p, b, t, d, k, g, ʔ

What are the stop consonants?

f, v, θ, ð, s, z, ʃ, ʒ, h

What are the fricative consonants?

ʈʃ and dʒ

What are the affricate sounds?

m, n, ŋ

What are the nasal sounds?

w, j

What are the glide sounds?

l, r

What are liquid sounds?

p, b, m, w

What are the bilabial sounds?

f, v

What are the labiodental sounds?

θ, ð

What are the interdental sounds?z

t, d, s, z, n, l

What are the alveolar sounds?

ʃ, ʒ, ʈʃ, dʒ, j, r

What are the palatal sounds?

k, g, ŋ, w

What are the velar sounds?

ʔ, w

What are the glottal sounds?

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