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36 terms

CA I 3.01, Formatting

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Font formatting
appearance, size, and attributes of text. The format chosen for font is important for communication purposes
Bold
used to emphasize a specific word
Italics
used to indicate book titles and other published works
Underline
used to indicate links to web pages and should be reserved for that purpose in most cases
Accent symbol
such as in the word résumé is used to indicate emphasis during pronunciation
Style
a format tool used to apply global font formats to text
Subscripts
used in chemical definitions, such as H2O
Superscripts
used for footnotes or reference purposes, such as in Webster's Dicitonary1
Small caps
may be used to format titles or headings in a document
Serif font
Font that has small attributes at the tips of each letter
Times New Roman
The most commonly used serif font, often used in the body of a letter or report
Sans serif font
Font that does not include the attributes at the tips of each letter
Arial
is a sans serif font
Paragraph formatting
arrangement of text within paragraphs on a page Indents used to indicate a new paragraph and offset long quotes
Line spacing
can be set for single, one and a half lines, double, or triple
Borders and shading
used together or separately to emphasize a specific textual element in a document
Bullets and numbers
used to list items
Hanging indent
most often used in reference materials, the first line begins at the left margin and all remaining lines of the paragraph are indented five spaces from the left margin
Endnotes
source references that are placed on a Notes page at the end of a document. Within the document, each reference is indicated by a superscripted number or symbol
Footnotes
source references that are placed at the bottom (foot) of the same page and are indicated by a superscripted number or symbol within the document
Cut and paste
a tool used in paragraph formatting that allows the user to move text from one location to another
Paragraph headings
keyed at the beginning of a paragraph in bold font to give the reader a quick idea about the content of the paragraph
Tabs
used to align and organize data into groups and subgroups
Word wrap
automatic continuation of text from line to line
Tables
used to arrange text in columns and rows and are helpful in presenting, organizing, and clarifying information
Page formatting
arrangement of text on a page. The arrangement of text on a page is the culmination of text and paragraph formatting that presents the final picture and communicates a message to a reader
Margin
the amount of white space around the sides of a document
Page orientation
used to enhance the appearance and improve readability of a document
Headers and footers
add global information to a document, such as page numbers and document titles
Orphan
a single line of a paragraph is not left alone at the bottom of a page
Widow
a single line of text is not left alone at the top of a page
Page breaks
may be manual or automatic and are used to manage the content on a page
Soft page break
occurs automatically through the word wrap feature of the word processing software and text is simply continued to the next page when the space on the previous page is exhausted
Hard page break
is performed manually when a new page is needed for a break or change in content
Columns
used to format text for documents such as newspapers and newsletters
Borders
are used in page formatting to add lines around text or graphic images