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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
SS Growth and Expansion Quiz II
Terms in this set (23)
Reasons Why the Industrial Revolution Started in New England
There were many rivers so that people could put mills there
Poor soil, making farming difficult, encouraging people to stop farming and work in mills
By ocean, so they can trade easily
Who was Samuel Slater?
A British mill factory worker who ran away and copied the British mill design
What Impact did Sam Slater have on the Industrial Revolution?
He brought the British mill design to the United States
How did the Textile Mill Factory System Differ From theTextile Cottage Industry?
Cottage: slow production
Took many buildings
No steady wages
Made what was needed
Industrial: faster production
More efficient quality
Less people to manufacture more
Powered by water
Why Were Many New England Farmers Willing to Make the Switch to Working In Mills?
They were a big business in early industrial America, it paid more money to work in factories, it took less time for people to make more
A man powered machine that made it easier to spin thread
A machine that uses water power to spin thread faster than a spinning jenny
A machine used to get fibers out of cotton
Parts that can be easily changed with another, identical part, saved more time
What's the connection between capitalism, capital, and free enterprise
CAPITAL are items used to create wealth, like profit, an element of FREE ENTERPRISE.
CAPITALISM is an economic system where people or companies own the means of production, kind of like economic freedom, an element of FREE ENTERPRISE
CAPITALISM is the economy deciding how to use CAPITAL
Difference between growth of agriculture in North, South, West
North- small farms, sold products locally, rocky soil, very cold
South- demand for cotton grew steadily, grew cotton over large area thanks to cotton gin
West- area supported thriving agriculture, concentrate on raising pork and growing cash crops
What is the relationship between geography and industrialization?
Used to power mills
Transportation of goods/materials
Encouraged farmers to work in mills
Allow for trade
Why did small investors put money towards developing business during Industrial Revolution
In hopes of earning profits if business was successful, low taxes, minimum gov't regulations, and competition encouraged people to invest
What is a corporation?
A company or business run by many people
What is Stock?
Shares of ownership in a company
How does stock allow a corporation to expand?
When businesses sell stock, it expands and raises money for the business
How did the growth of factories and trade in the US contribute to urbanization?
With more factories and job opportunities, the population increased
People moved to work in factories and lived near factory
Settlement around factories grew
Industry created jobs
Attracted people to major ports
Dangers and Good things about cities
No sewers to carry waste
Diseases like Cholera and yellow fever spread
Fire in wood homes
Variety of jobs
Libraries, museums, shops
They allowed people to travel west to settle there, turnpikes with tolls
Connected existing rivers and lakes to connect a wider area
Carried people and cargo to other places, costed less and was quicker
Compare and contrast city and pioneer life
Work pace slow but flexible
Worked for self
Worked at jobs
Worked for wages
Moved for opportunities
Worked most hours of day
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