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Voorhees chp 18 quiz and vocab
Terms in this set (45)
the lower federal courts, beneath the supreme court
the authority of a court to hear a case
power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another (the defendant) in court
in a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is brought by the plaintiff; in a criminal case, the person charged with the crime
the power of a court to hear a case first. before any other court
the authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts
a judicial philosophy in which supporters believe that judges should decide cases based on the original intent of the framers or those who enacted the statute involved in a case or on precedent
court decision that stands as an example to be followed in future, similar cases
a judicial philosophy in which supporters believe that judges should interpret and apply provisions in the const. and in statute law in the light of ongoing changes in conditions and values
a case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime as defined by the law
a case involving a noncriminal matter such as a contract dispute or a claim of patent infringement
a courts list of cases to be heard
a transcript of proceedings made in trial court
writ of certiorari
an order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for review "to be more certain"
a method of putting a case before the supreme court; used when a lower court is not clear about the procedure or rule of law that should apply in a case and asks the supreme court to certify the answer to a specific quiestion
detailed written statements filed with the court before oral arguments are presented
officially called the opinion of the court; announces the courts decision in a case and sets out the reasoning upon which it is based
written explanation of the views of one or more judges who support a decision reached by a majority of the court, but wish to add or emphasize a point that was not made in the majority decision
written explanation of the views of one or more judges who disagree with a decision reached by a majority of the court
a court composed of military personnel, for the trial of those accused of violating military law
a court operating as part of the judicial branch, entirely separate from the military establishment
satisfaction of a claim payment
has both original and appellate jurisdiction
after presidential appointment the _ confirms the appointment of federal judges
if a supreme court judge has personal religious objections to military service, but rules in favor of the draft because it is a federal law, that judges is practicing judicial ____
a federal court officer who makes arrests, secures jurors and serves legal papers
a court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court exercises _____ over the case
serve as federal government presecutors
person who files a suit
a weakness of the articles of confed. pertaining to the national judiciary was what
there was no national judiciary- laws were interpreted as each state saw fit
what is the term of office for judges of the constitutional courts
appointed for life
the courts of appeals hear cases that have been appealed from ______, the US tax court, and from the decisions of federal regulatory agencies
district courts in their curcuit
a courts docket is the
list of cases to be heard
a court sets _____ when it makes a judicial decision that serves as a guide for settling later cases of similar nature
which federal court has original jurisdiction over MOST cases heard in federal court?
a justice of the supreme court is assigned to each of the
the court of appeals for the federal circuit differs from the other 12 federal courts of appeals. why?
it is the 13th court of appeals that is the nation wife in scope to centralize and speed up appeals in certain types of federal civil cases.
because its in DC but its jurisdiction is nationwide
which court often holds trials in major ports like new orleans, san fran and NYC?
court of international trade
the supreme courts power of judicial review was established by which case?
marbury vs. madison
most supreme court cases come to it from the __ and the highest _____
federal court of appeals,state courts
at least ___ justices must agree to hear a case for that case to be put on the supreme courts docket
expresses the views of one or more justices who disagree with the opinion of the court
most cases heard by the US tax court are generated by the
internal revenue service
a court-like body composed of commissioned officers, set up to try "unlawful enemy combatants"
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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