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68 terms

AP Lit poetry terms

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accent
a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
anapest
a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables
anapestic
(of a metric foot) characterized by two short syllables followed by a long one
apostrophe
a poem directly addressing a person or thing, often absent
assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
aubade
a poem addressing the dawn
ballad
a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
cadence
a recurrent rhythmical series
canto
a major division of a long poem
caesura
a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line
conceit
a startling or unusual metaphor
consonance
the repitition of consonant sounds with words
convention
orthodoxy as a consequence of being conventional
couplet
a pair of lines that end in rhyme
dactyl
a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables
dactylic
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
dimeter
a metrical line containing two feet
dirge
a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person
dissonance
the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality`
doggerel
crude, simplistic verse
dramatic dialogue
A literary, usually verse composition, in which a speaker reveals his or her character often in relation to a critical situation or event, in a monologue addressed to the reader or to a presumed listener.--a soliloquoy is an example
elegy
a type of poem that meditates on death or mortality
end rhyme
rhyme at the end syllable of poetry
epic
a long narrative poem written in elevated style which present the adventures of characters of high position and episodes that are important to the history of a race or nation
foot
the basic rhythmic unit of a line of poetry formed by a combo of 2 or 3 syllables which afre stressed or unstressed
free verse
poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme or metrical pattern
heptameter
seven feet per line
heroic couplet
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style
hexameter
a verse line having six metrical feet
iamb
a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables
iambic
a verse line consisting of iambs
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
lament
a mournful poem
limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
lyric
a type of poetry that deals with a poet's interpretations of and feelings about the world
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
metaphor
a direct comparison between two things
metaphysical poets
a loose group of British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in metaphysical concerns and a common way of investigating them
meter
rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time
mock epic
A work of literature that applies the characteristics and conventions of epic poetry to trivial subject matter for the sake of humor, irony, parody, or satire.
monometer
1 foot per line
octave
8 line stanza
ode
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean
pastoral
a poem set in the countryside, or even more specifically one about shepards
pentameter
five feet per line
Petrarchan/ Italian sonnet
this is divided into two parts, the eight-line octave and the six-line sestet. The octave rhymes abba abba, while the sestet rhymes cde cde. The octave raises a question, states a problem, or presents a brief narrative, and the sestet answers the question or solves the problem.
pun
a humorous play on words
quatrain
a stanza of four lines
refrain
a line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem
requiem
a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person
scansion
The process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain
sestet
a rhythmic group of six lines of verse
Shakespearean/ Elizabethan sonnet
consists of 3 quatrains and a final rhyming couplet. Rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Usually, the question or theme is set forth in the quatrains while the answer or resolution appears in the final couplet.
simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
slant rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
speaker
the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet
stanza
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.
synecdoche
understanding oen thing with another; the use of a part for the whole or the whole for the part
tercet
three line stanza
tone
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
trimeter
3 feet per line
triple rhyme
Three syllables of words rhyme
trochee/trochiac
a metrical unit in poetry in which each foot has a stressed syllable + an unstressed syllable
villanelle
a lyric form that relies heavily on repetition an dis composed of five three-line tercets and a final four-line quatrain; its singular feature is the way its first and third lines repeat throughout the poem--the entire first line reappears as the final line of the second and fourth tercets, and again as the third line of the third and fifth tercets and as the concluding line of the poem