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a round building usually with a dome


plaster mixed with a binding material


(usually hinged wood) multipaneled paintings


two panel paintings


three panel painting

Disguised Symbolism

A Northern Renaissance technique of giving a spiritual meaning to ordinary objects in the painting, so these detail can carry the spiritual message

Egg Tempera

egg combined with a wet paste of ground pigment


softened outline which results in a smoky haze


a thin film of transparent oil



Oil paint

paint pigments mixed in a viscous, slow-drying oil medium which dries by oxidation and blends easily. It can be used as a glaze or a heavy impasto


creamy, heavy bodied paint

Linear perspective

a technique which made it possible to represent three dimensional objects on a flat surface in a systematic way, so that all the lines receding at right angles on the picture plane converge at a vanishing point on the horizon

Atmospheric or aerial perspective

a Renaissance technique gives a sense of distance. The further from the viewer the object was placed, the hazier and grayer it became (due to dust particles and water vapor)


placing of the body in the tomb

Graphic Art

is related to printmaking-engraving, etching, lithography, serigraphy and woodcut. All these images can produce multiple copies


printing with movable type


carving into the surface of a block and removing the negative space so the image is raised


the carving of a woodblock so the background is removed. The raised image is inked with a roller and then put through a press

Block books

woodcuts combining image and text into books


a set of prints created from a single print surface


the artist incises or scratches an image on a metal plate


V shaped grooves are cut into a metal plate with a tool ballad called a burin. The ink is then rubbed into the grooves, the surface of the plate is wiped then printed unto wet paper, which picks up the image


an acid bath eats into the exposed parts of a plate where the artist has drawn through the acid resistant coating


the Spanish word for altarpiece. A decorative screen set behind an altar

Bosch, Hieronymus

an Artist from the north whose work was one the last profound expressions of the medieval world. Based on landscape it is full of religious iconography and symbol

Campin, Robert ("Master of Flemalle")

very early Netherlandish painter probably invented grisaille painting and used disguised symbolism

Dry point

printmaking where the design is scratched into the steel plate with a hard, steel tool


a set of impressions from a single print surface


fine lines are cut or drawn close together to create the effect of shading

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