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489 terms

Mega Root Words 500 (minus 10)

Handy set of 490 root words, prefixes and suffixes, with examples. Good for GMAT, GRE, SAT study.
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a, ac, ad, af, ag, al, an, ap, as, at
to, toward, near, in addition to, by.
* accompany, adjust, affix, aggression, allocate, annihilate, aside, attend
a-, an-
not, without.
* apolitical, atheist, anarchy, anonymous, apathy, aphasia, anemia
ab, abs
away from, off.
* absolve, abrupt, absent
-able, -ible
{adj}: worth, ability.
* solvable, incredible
acer, acid, acri
bitter, sour, sharp.
* acerbic, acidity, acrid, acrimony
act, ag
do, act, drive.
* active, react, agent, active, agitate
ac, acu
sharp.
* acute, acupuncture, accurate
-acy, -cy {n}
{n}: state or quality.
* privacy, infancy, adequacy, intimacy, supremacy
-ade
act, product, sweet drink.
* blockade, lemonade
aer, aero
air, atmosphere, aviation.
* aerial, aerosol, aerodrome, aerospace
ag, agi, ig, act
do, move, go.
* agent, agenda, agitate, navigate, ambiguous, action
-age
{n}: activity, or result of action.
* courage, suffrage, shrinkage, tonnage
agri, agro
pertaining to fields or soil.
* agriculture
-al {n}
{n}: action, result of action.
* referral, disavowal, disposal, festival
-al, -ial, -ical {v}
{adj}: quality, relation.
* structural, territorial, categorical
alb, albo
white, without pigment.
* albino, albumin
ali, allo, alter
other.
* alias, alibi, alien, alloy, alter, altruism
alt
high, deep.
* alternate, altimeter, altitude
am, ami, amor
love, like, liking.
* amorous, amiable, amicable, enamored
ambi-
both.
* ambivalent, ambiguous, ambidextrous, amphibious
ambul
to walk.
* ambulatory, amble, ambulance, somnambulist
-an
{n}: person.
* artisan, guardian, historian, magician
ana, ano
up, back, again, anew.
* anode, anagram, anagenetic
-ance, -ence
{n}: action, state, quality or process.
* resistance, independence, extravagance, fraudulence
-ancy, -ency
{n}: state, quality or capacity.
* vacancy, agency, truancy, latency
andr, andro
male, characteristics of men.
* androcentric, android
ang
angular.
* angle, angularity
anim
mind, life, spirit, anger.
* animal, animate, animosity
ann, annu, enni
yearly.
* annual, anniversary, biennial, perrenial, septennial, sesquicentennial
-ant, -ent
{n}: an agent, something that performs the action.
* disinfectant, dependent, fragrant
-ant, -ent, -ient
{adj}: kind of agent, indication.
* important, dependent, convenient
ante
before.
* anterior, anteroom, antebellum, antedate, antecedent, antediluvian
anthrop
man.
* anthropology, misanthrope, philanthropy
anti, ant
against, opposite.
* antisocial, antithesis, antibody, antinomies, antifreeze, antipathy
anti, antico
old.
* antique, antiquated, antiquity
apo, ap, aph
away from, detached, formed.
* apology, apocalypse, aphagia
aqu
water.
* aqueous
-ar, -ary
{adj}: resembling, related to.
* spectacular, unitary
arch
chief, first, rule.
* archangel, architect, archaic, monarchy, matriarchy, Archeozoic era
-ard, -art
{n}: characterized.
* braggart, drunkard, wizard
aster-, astr-, astro-
star, star-shaped.
* aster, asterisk, asteroid, astronomy, astronaut
-ate {n}
{n}: state, office, fuction.
* candidate, electorate, delegate
-ate {v}
{v}: cause to be.
* graduate, ameliorate, amputate
-ate {adj}
{adj}: kind of state.
* inviolate
-ation
{n}: action, resulting state.
* specialization, aggravation, alternation
auc, aug, aut
to originate, to increase.
* augment , author, augment, auction
aud, audi, aur, aus
to hear, listen.
* audience, audio, auditorium, auricular, auscultate
aug, auc
increase.
* augur, augment, auction
aut, auto
self.
* automatic, automotive, autograph, autonomous, autoimmune
avi-
bird.
* aviation
axi-
axis.
* axisymmetry
axio-
merit.
* axiology
bar
weight, pressure.
* barometer, baroreceptor
be
on, around, over, about, excessively, make, cause, name, affect.
* berate, bedeck, bespeak, belittle, beleaguer
belli
war.
* rebellion, belligerent, casus belli, bellicose
bene
good, well, gentle.
* benefactor, beneficial, benevolent, benediction, beneficiary, benefit
bi, bine
two.
* biped, bifurcate, biweekly, bivalve, biannual
bibl, bibli, biblio
book.
* bibliophile, bibliography, Bible
bio, bi
life.
* biography, biology, biometric, biome, biosphere
brev
short.
* abbreviate, brevity, brief
burs
money, finance.
* bursar, bursary, disburse
cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, capt, cid, cip
to take, to seize, to hold.
* accident, deceive, capacious, except, intercept, forceps, occasion, reciprocate
cad, cas
to fall.
* accident, cadaver, cadence, cascade, occasional
-cade
procession.
* motorcade
calor
heat.
* calorie, caloric, calorimeter
camp
field.
* campaign, champion
capit, capt
head.
* decapitate, capital, captain, caption
caps-
box, case.
* capsule, encapsulate
carcer-
jail.
* incarcinate
carn
flesh.
* carnivorous, incarnate, reincarnation, carnal
cat, cata, cath
down, with.
* catalogue, catastrophe, category, catheter
caus, caut
burn, heat.
* caustic, cauldron, cauterize
cause, cuse, cus
cause, motive.
* because, excuse, accusation
ceas, ced, cede, ceed, cess
to go, to yield, move, go, surrender.
* ancestry, exceed, proceed, precede, recede, secession, succeed
cent
hundred.
* bicentennial, centennial, century, centipede, percent
centr, centri
center.
* eccentricity, centrifugal, concentric, eccentric
chrom
color.
* chrome, chromosome, polychrome, chromatic
chron
time.
* chronology, chronic, chronicle chronometer, anachronism, synchronize
cide, cis, cise
to kill, to cut, cut down.
* fratricide, homicide, incision, incision, circumcision, scissors
circum
around.
* circumnavigate, circumorbital, circumscribe, circulatory
cit
call, start.
* incite, citation, cite
civ
citizen.
* civic, civil, civilian, civilization
clam, claim
cry out.
* acclaim, clamor, disclaim, exclamation, proclamation, reclamation,
clement-
mild.
* clemency, inclement
clin
lean, bend.
* decline, inclination
clud, clus claus
to close, shut.
* clause, claustrophobia, enclose, exclude, reclusive
co, cog, col, coll, con, com, cor
with, together.
* cohesiveness, cognate, collaborate, convene, compress, confluence, conjoin
cogn, gnos
to know.
* recognize, cognizant, diagnose, agnostic, incognito, prognosis
com, con
fully.
* complete, compel, conscious, condense, confess, confirm
contr, contra, counter
against, opposite.
* contradict, counteract, contravene, contrary, counterspy, contrapuntal
cord, cor, cardi
heart.
* cordial, concord, discord, courage, encourage
corp
body.
* corporation, corporal punishment, corpse, corpulent, corpus luteum
cort
correct.
* escort, cortage
cosm
universe, world.
* cosmos, microcosm, cosmopolitan, cosmonaut
cour, cur, curr, curs
run, course.
* occur, excursion, discourse, courier, course
crat, cracy
rule.
* autocrat, aristocrat, theocracy, technocracy
cre, cresc, cret, crease
grow.
* create, crescent, accretion, increase
crea
create.
* creature, recreation, creation
cred
believe.
* creed, credo, credence, credit, incredulous, incredible
cresc, cret, crease, cru
rise, grow.
* crescendo, concrete, increase, decrease, accrue
crit
separate, choose.
* critical, criterion, hypocrite
cur, curs
run.
* concurrent, concur, courier, incur, occur, precursor
cura
care.
* curator, curative, manicure
curv-
bent.
* curvature
crypt-
hidden.
* cryptic, cryptography
cub- {n}
{n}: cube.
* cubic, cuboid, cubicle
cub- {v}
{v}: to lean back, to lie down.
* encumber, incubation
cycl, cyclo
wheel, circle, circular.
* bicycle, Cyclops, cyclone, cyclic, unicycle
cyst-
capsule.
* cystic
damn-, -demn-
to inflict loss upon.
* condemn, damnation
de-
from, down, away, to do the opposite, reverse, against.
* detach, deploy, derange, decrease, deodorize, devoid, deflate, degenerate
deb-
owe.
* debit, indebted
dec, deca
ten, ten times.
* decimal, decade, decimate, decathlon
dec, dign
suitable.
* decent decorate dignity
dei, div
God.
* divinity, divine, deity, divination, deify
dem, demo
people, populace, population.
* democracy, demography, demagogue, epidemic
dent, dont
tooth.
* dental, denture, orthodontist, periodontal
dens-
thick.
* condense, density
derm
skin, covering.
* hypodermic, dermatology, epidermis, taxidermy
di-, dy-
two, twice, double.
* divide, diverge, divulge
dia
through, across, between.
* diameter, diagonal, dialogue, dialect, diagnosis, diatribe
dic, dict, dit
say, speak.
* abdicate, benediction, contradict, dictation, edict, indictment, predict, verdict
dis, dif
not, opposite of, reverse, separate, deprive of, away.
* differ, dismiss, disallow, dissuade, disproportion, disrespect, disarray
dit
give.
* credit, audit
doc, doct, dog
teach, prove.
* docile, doctor, doctrine, document, dogma, indoctrinate
dom-
home.
* domicile, dome
domin
master, that which is under control.
* dominate, dominion, predominant, domain
don
give.
* donate, condone
dorm
sleep.
* dormant, dormitory
dox
thought, opinion, praise.
* orthodox, heterodox, paradox, doxology
-drome
run, step.
* syndrome, aerodrome, velodrome
du-, dy-
two.
* dual, duotone, dyad
duc, duct
to lead, pull.
* abduction, conductor, deduce, introduction, product, transducer, viaduct
dur, dura
hard, lasting.
* durable, duration, endure, obdurate
dynam
power.
* dynamic, dynamite, dynasty, hydrodynamics
dys-
bad, abnormal, difficult, impaired, unfavorable.
* dysfunctional, dyslexia, dyspathy
e-
not, missing, out, fully, away, computer network related.
* emit, embed, eternal,ether, erase, email, e-tailer
ec-
out of, outside.
* echo, eclipse, eclectic, ecesis, ecstasy, exzema
eco-
household, environment, relating to ecology or economy.
* ecology, economize, ecospheres, ecomanagement
ecto-
outside, external.
* ectomorph, ectoderm, ectoplasm
ed-, es-
eat.
* edible
-ed {v}
{v}: past tense.
* dressed, faded, patted, closed, introduced
-ed {adj}
{adj}: having the quality or characteristics of.
* winged, moneyed, dogged, tiered
ego-
self.
* egocentric, egotistical
em-, empt-
buy.
* exemption, redeem
emul-
striving to equal, rivaling.
* emulation
-en {v}
{v}: to cause to become.
* lengthen, moisten, sharpen
-en {adj}
{adj}: material.
* golden, woolen, silken
en-, em-
put into, make, provide with, surround with.
* enamor, embolden, enslave, emphasis, empower, entangle
-ence, -ency
{n}: action or process, quality or state.
* reference, emergency, dependence, eminence, latency
end-
inside, within.
* endorse, endoscope, endogenous
endo-
inside.
* endocrine
epi-
upon, close to, over, after, altered.
* epicenter, epilogue, epigone
equi-
equal. * equidistant, equilateral, equilibrium, equinox, equation, equator
-er, -ier
{adj}: comparative.
* better, brighter, sooner, hotter, happier
-er, -or {n}
{n}: person or thing that does something.
* reporter, player, member, fryer, collector
-er, -or {v}
{v}: action.
* ponder, dishonor, clamor
equ-, -iqu-
even, level.
* equality, equidistant
erg
work, effect.
* energy, erg, allergy, ergophobia
err-
stray.
* aberration, errant, error
-ery
collective qualities, art, practice, trade, collection, state, condition.
* snobbery, bakery, geenery, gallery, slavery
-es, -ies {n}
{n}: plural of most {n}s ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -o and -z and some in -f and -y. * passes, glasses, ladies, heroes
-es, -ies {v}
{v}: third person singular present indicative of {v}s that end in -ch, -s, -sh, - and some in -y. * blesses, hushes, fizzes, defies
-ess
female.
* actress, goddess, poetess
-est, -iest
{adj} or {adv}: superlative.
* latest, strongest, luckiest
ethn-
people, race, tribe, nation.
* ethnic, ethnarch
eu-
well.
* euphoria
ev-, et-
time, age.
* medieval, eternal
ex-
out of, away from, lacking, former.
* exit, exhale, exclusive, exceed, explosion, ex-mayor
exter-, extra-, extro-
outside of, beyond.
* external, extrinsic, extraordinary, extrapolate, extrovert
extrem-
outermost, utmost.
* extremity, extremophile
fa, fess
speak.
* fable, fabulous, fame, famous, confess, profess
fac, fact, fec, fect, fic, fas, fea
do, make.
* amplification, confection, difficult, defect, effect, fashion, feasible, manufacture
fall, fals
deceive.
* fallacy, fallacious, falsity, infallibility
famili-
a close attendant.
* family, familiarity
fant-
to show.
* fantasy, fantastic
fatu-
foolish, useless.
* fatuous, infatuation
feder-
treaty, agreement, contract, league, pact.
* confederate, federal, federation
fend-, fens-
prevent.
* defend, offense
fer
bear, carry.
* coniferous, defer, ferry, infertile, odoriferous, refer, transfer, vociferous
fic, feign, fain, fit, feat
shape, make, fashion.
* fiction, faint, feign
fid
belief, faith.
* affidavit, bona fide, confidential, diffident, fidelity, infidel
fid, fide, feder
faith, trust.
* confidante, infidelity, infidel, federal, confederacy, semper fi
fig
shape, form.
* effigy, figure, figment
fila, fili
thread.
* filigree, filament, filter, filibuster
fin
end, ended, finished.
* confine, define, final, finite, finish, refine
firm-
fix, settle.
* confirmation, firmament
fix
repair, attach.
* fix, fixation, fixture, affix, prefix, suffix
flex, flect
bend.
* deflect, flexible, inflexibility, reflect, reflex
flict
strike.
* affliction, conflict, inflict
flu, fluc, fluv, flux
flow.
* influence, fluid, flue, flush, fluctuate, reflux
-fold
{adv}: in a manner of, marked by.
* fourfold, refold, tenfold
for, fore
before.
* forecast, fortune, foresee
forc, fort
strength, strong.
* effort, forte, fortify, fortitude
form
shape, resemble.
* conform, format, formula, perform
fract, frag, frai
break.
* fracture, fragile, fraction, infraction, refract
fuge
flee.
* centrifuge, refuge, subterfuge
-ful {n}
{n}: an amount or quantity that fills.
* mouthful, plentiful
-ful {adj}
{adj}: having, giving, marked by.
* merciful, fanciful
fusc-
dark.
* obfuscation
fuse
pour.
* confuse, transfuse
-fy
make, form into.
* falsify, dandify
gam
marriage.
* bigamy, monogamy, polygamy
gastr, gastro
stomach.
* gastric, gastronomic, gastropod
gen {adj}
kind.
* generous
gen {n}
birth, race, produce.
* antigen, genesis, genetics, eugenics, generate, pathogen
geo
earth.
* geometry, geography, geocentric, geology
germ
vital part.
* germination, germ, germane
gest
carry, bear.
* congest, digest, gestation
giga
billion.
* gigabyte, gigaflop
gin
careful.
* gingerly
gloss, glot
tongue.
* glossary, polyglot, epiglottis
glu, glo
lump, bond, glue.
* glue, agglutinate, conglomerate
gor
to gather, to bring together.
* category, categorize
grad, gress, gree
to gather, to bring together, step, go.
* centigrade, degree, grade, gradient, progress
gran-
grain.
* granary, granular
graph, gram, graf
write, written, draw.
* biography, autograph, grammar, lithograph, photography, telegram
grat
pleasing. * congratulate, disgrace, gratuity, gracious, gratitude, ingrate
grav
heavy, weighty.
* aggravate, grave, gravitate
greg
flock, herd.
* congregation, gregarious, segregate
hab-, -hib-, habit-, -hibit-
have.
* habit, prohibition
hale, heal
make whole, sound.
* exhale, heal, healthy, inhalation
helio
sun.
* heliograph, heliotrope, heliocentric
hema, hemo
blood.
* hemorrhage, hemoglobin, hemophilia, hemostat
her, here, hes
stick.
* adhere, cohere, cohesion,hereditary, hesitate, inherent
hetero
other, different.
* heterodox, heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodyne
hex-
six.
* hexagon, hexameter
homo
same.
* homogenize, homosexual, homonym, homophone
hum, human
earth, ground, man.
* humus, exhume, humane
hydr, hydra, hydro
water.
* dehydrate, hydrant, hydraulics, hydrogen
hyper-
over, above.
* hyperactive, hyperbolic, hypersensitive, hyperventilate
hypn
sleep.
* hypnosis, hypnotherapy
-ia
{n}: names, diseases.
* phobia, fibromyalgia
-ian, an
{n}: related to, one that is.
* pedestrian, human
-iatry
{n}: art of healing.
* psychiatry
-ic {adj}
{adj}: quality, relation.
* generic
-ic, ics {n}
{n}: related to the arts and sciences.
* arithmetic, economics
-ice
{n}: act.
* malice
-ify
{v}: cause.
* specify
ignis
fire.
* ignite, igneous, ignition
il, in, im, ir
not.
* illegible, impossible, impregnable, inaction, innocuous, innocent, irresolute
-ile
{adj}: having the qualities of.
* projectile
in, im
into, on, near, towards.
* import, instead
infra
beneath.
* infrared, infrastructure
-ing {n}
{n}: material made for, activity, result of an activity.
* flooring, swimming, building
-ing {v}
{v}: present participle.
* depicting
-ing {adj}
{adj}: activity.
* cohering
inter
between, among.
* international, interject, intermission, internal, intermittent
intra
within, during, between layers, underneath.
* intramural, intranet, intranatal
intro
into, within, inward.
* interoffice, introvert, introspection, introduce
-ion
{n}: condition or action.
* abduction
-ish
{adj}: having the character of.
* newish
-ism
{n}: doctrine, belief, action or conduct.
* professionalism
-ist
{n}: person or member.
* podiatrist
-ite
{n}: state or quality.
* graphite
-ity, ty
{n}: state or quality.
* lucidity, novelty
-ive {n}
{n}: condition.
* native
-ive, -ative, -itive {adj}
{adj}: having the quality of.
* festive, cooperative, sensitive
-ize
{v}: cause. * fantasize
jac, ject
throw.
* adjective, dejected, eject, interject, projection, trajectory
join, junct
join.
* adjoining, enjoin, juncture, conjunction, injunction
judice
judge.
* prejudice
jug, junct, just
to join.
* junction, adjust, conjugal
juven
young.
* juvenile, rejuvenate
juxta-
beside, near.
* juxtaampullary, juxtapose
labor
work.
* laborious, belabor
lau, lav, lot, lut
wash.
* launder, lavatory, lotion, ablution, dilute
lect, leg, lig
choose, gather, select, read.
* collect, eligible, intellect, legible, predilection, recollection
leg
law.
* legal, legislate, legislature, legitimize
-less
{adj}: without, missing.
* motiveless
levi
light.
* alleviate, levitate, levity
lex, leag, leg
law.
* legal, college, league
liber, liver
free.
* liberty, liberal, liberalize, deliverance
lide
strike.
* collide, nuclide
liter
letters.
* literary, literature, literal, alliteration, obliterate
loc, loco
place, area.
* allocate, location, locality, locomotion
log, logo, ology
word, study, say, speech, reason, study.
* catalog, dialogue, logo, prologue, zoology
loqu, locut
talk, speak.
* colloquial, circumlocution, eloquent, loquacious
luc, lum, lun, lus, lust
light.
* lackluster, luminary, illuminate, illustrate, translucent
lude
play.
* prelude
-ly
{adv}: in the manner of.
* fluently
macr-, macer
lean.
* emaciated, meager
magn
great.
* magnify, magnificent, magnanimous, magnitude
main
strength, foremost.
* domain, mainstream, mainsail, remain
mal
bad, badly.
* dismal, maladjusted, malady, malcontent, malformation, malfunction
man, manu
hand, make, do.
* emancipate, manual, manage, manufacture, manacle, manifest
mand
hand.
* command, mandatory, reprimand
mania
madness.
* mania, maniac, kleptomania, pyromania
mar, mari, mer
sea, pool.
* marine, marsh, maritime, mermaid
matri
mother.
* matrimony, maternal, matriarchate, matron
medi
half, middle, between, halfway.
* mediate, medieval, Mediterranean, mediocre, medium
mega
great, million.
* megaphone, megaton, megabyte, megalopolis
mem
recall, remember.
* memo, commemoration, memento, memoir, memorable
ment
mind.
* mental, mention
-ment
{n}: condition or result.
* document, containment
meso
middle.
* mesomorph, mesoamerica, mesosphere
meta
beyond, change.
* metaphor, metamorphosis, metabolism, metahistorical, metainformation
meter
measure.
* meter, voltammeter, barometer, thermometer
metr
admeasure, apportion.
* metrics, asymmetric, parametric, telemetry
micro
small, millionth.
* microscope, microfilm, microcard, microwave, micrometer, microvolt
migra
wander.
* migrate, emigrant, immigrate
mill, kilo
thousand.
* millennium, kilobyte, kiloton
milli
thousandth.
* millisecond, milligram, millivolt
min
little, small.
* minute, minor, minuscule
mis
wrong, bad, badly.
* misconduct, misinform, misinterpret, misnomer
mit, miss
send.
* admit, emit, remit, submit, intermittent, mission, missile
mob, mov, mot
move.
* motion, remove, mobile, motor
mon
warn, remind.
* monument, admonition, monitor, premonition
mono
one.
* monopoly, monotype, monologue, mononucleosis
mor, mort
mortal, death.
* immortality, mortal, mortician, mortuary, rigor mortis
morph
shape, form.
* amorphous, dimorphic, metamorphosis, morpheme, polymorphic
multi
many, much.
* multilingual, multiply, multitude, multinational
nano
billionth.
* nanosecond, nanobucks
nasc, nat, gnant, nai
to be born.
* nascent, native, pregnant, naive
nat, nasc
to be from, to spring forth.
* innate, natal, native, renaissance
neo
new.
* Neolithic, nuveau riche, neologism, neophyte, neonate
-ness
{n}: state, condition, quality.
* kindness
neur
nerve.
* neuritis, neuropathic, neurologist, neural, neurotic
nom
law, order.
* autonomy, astronomy, gastronomy, economy
nom, nomen, nomin, nym
name.
* antonym, ignominious, nominate, nomenclature, synonym
non
not.
* nonferrous, nonsense, nonabrasive, nondescript
nov
new.
* novel, renovate, novice, nova, innovate
nox, noc
night.
* equinox, nocturnal, noctilucent
numer
number.
* numeral, numeration, enumerate, innumerable
numisma
coin.
* numismatics
ob, oc, of, op
toward, against, in the way.
* oppose, occur, offer, obtain
oct
eight.
* octopus, octagon, octogenarian, octave
oligo
few, little.
* Oligocene, oligosaccharide, oligotrophic, oligarchy
omni
all, every.
* omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, omnivorous
onym
name.
* anonymous, pseudonym, antonym, synonym
oper
work.
* operate, cooperate, opus
-or
{n}: condition or activity.
* valor, honor, humor, minor
ortho
straight, correct.
* orthodox, orthodontist, orthopedic, unorthodox
-ory
{n}: place for, serves for.
* territory, rectory
-ous, -eous, -ose, -ious
{adj}: having the quality of, relating to.
* adventurous, courageous, verbose, fractious
over
excessive, above.
* overwork, overall, overwork
pac
peace.
* pacifist, pacify, pacific ocean
pair, pare
arrange, assemblage, two.
* repair, impair, compare, prepare
paleo
old.
* Paleozoic, Paleolithic, paleomagnetism, paleopsychology
pan
all.
* pan-African, panacea, Pandemonium (demons' abode)
para
beside.
* paradox, paraprofessional, paramedic, paraphrase, parachute
pat, pass, path
feel, suffer.
* patient, passion, sympathy, pathology
pater, patr
father.
* patriarch, patriot, patronize
path, pathy
feeling, suffering.
* pathos, sympathy, antipathy, apathy, telepathy
ped, pod
foot.
* antipode, centipede, impede, pedestrian, podiatry, tripod
pedo
child.
* orthopedic, pedagogue, pediatrics
pel, pul, puls
drive, push, urge.
* compel, dispel, expulsion, impulse, repel, propulsion, pulsate
pend, pens, pond
hang, weigh.
* pendant, pendulum, suspend, appendage, pensive, append
per
through, intensive.
* persecute, permit, perspire, perforate, persuade
peri
around.
* periscope, perimeter, perigee, periodontal
phage
eat.
* macrophage, bacteriophage
phan, phas, phen, fan, phant, fant
show, make visible.
* phantom, fantasy
phe
speak.
* blaspheme, cipher, phenomenon, philosopher
phil
love.
* philosopher, philanthropy, philharmonic, bibliophile
phlegma
inflammation.
* phlegm, phlegmatic
phobia, phobos
fear. * phobia, acrophobia, aquaphobia
phon
sound.
* telephone, phonograph, homophone, microphone, euphonious
phot, photo
light.
* photograph, photoelectric, photogenic, photosynthesis, photon
pico
trillionth.
* picofarad, picocurie, picovolt
pict
paint, show, draw.
* picture, depict
plac, plais
please.
* placid, placebo, placate, complacent
pli, ply
fold.
* reply, implicate, ply
plore
cry out, wail.
* implore, exploration, deploring
plu, plur, plus
more.
* plural, pluralist, plus
pneuma, pneumon
breath.
* pneumatic, pneumonia,
pod
foot, feet.
* podiatry, tripod
poli
city.
* metropolis, police, politics, Indianapolis, megalopolis, acropolis
poly
many.
* polytheist, polygon, polygamy, polymorphous
pon, pos, pound
place, put.
* component, deposit, expound, impose, juxtapose, opponent, posture
pop
people.
* population, populous, popular
port
carry.
* export, portable, support, transport
portion
part, share.
* portion, proportion
post
after, behind.
* postpone, postdate
pot
power.
* potential, potentate, impotent
pre, pur
before.
* precede
prehendere
seize, grasp.
* apprehend, comprehend, comprehensive, prehensile
prin, prim, prime
first.
* primacy, prima donna, primitive, primary, primal, primeval, prince, principal
pro
for, foward.
* propel
proto
first.
* prototype, protocol, protagonist, protozoan, protoindustrial
psych
mind, soul.
* psyche, psychiatry, psychology, psychosis
pugn
fight.
* pugnacious, repugnant
punct
point, dot.
* punctual, punctuation, puncture, acupuncture, punctuation
pute
think.
* dispute, computer
quasi-
having a likeness to something.
* quasicrystals, quasiparticles, quasiperiodic
quat, quad
four.
* quadrangle, quadruplets
quint, penta
five.
* quintet, quintuplets, pentagon, pentane, pentameter
quip
ship.
* equip, equipment
quir, quis, quest, quer
seek, ask.
* acquire, exquisite, inquisitive, require, query, quest
quot-
how many, how great.
* quota, quotient
rad-, ras-
scrape, shave.
* abrade, abrasion
radic-
root.
* eradicate, radical
re
back, again.
* report, realign, retract, revise, regain
reg, recti
straighten.
* regiment, regular, rectify, correct, direct, rectangle
retro
backwards.
* retrovirus, retrospect, retrogression, retroactive
ri, ridi, risi
laughter.
* deride, ridicule, risible
rog, roga
ask.
* prerogative, interrogation, derogatory
rupt
break.
* abrupt, disrupt, interrupt, ruptible, rupture
sacr, sanc, secr
sacred.
* sacred, sacrosanct, sanction, consecrate, desecrate
salv, salu
safe, healthy.
* salvation, salvage, salutation
sanct
holy.
* sanctify, sanctuary, sanction, sanctimonious, sacrosanct
sat, satis
enough.
* satient, saturate, satisfy
sci, scio, scientia
know.
* science, conscious, omniscient, cognocienti
scope
see, watch.
* telescope, microscope, kaleidoscope, periscope, stethoscope
scrib, script
write.
* scribble, inscribe, describe, prescribe, manuscript
se
apart, move away from.
* secede, secret, segregate, secern
sect, sec
cut.
* intersect, transect, dissect, secant, section
ses, sex
six.
* sestet, sextuplets
sed, sess, sid
sit. * sediment, session, obsession, possess, preside, president, reside, subside
semi
half, partial. * semifinal, semiconscious, semiannual, semimonthly, semicircle
sen, scen
old, grow old. * senior, senator, senile, senescence, evanescent
sent, sens
feel, think.
* sentiment, consent, resent, dissent, sentimental, sense, sensation, sensitive, sensory, dissension
sequ, secu, sue
follow.
* consecutive, consequence, ensue, pursue, prosecute, second, sequel, subsequent
serv
save, serve, keep.
* deserve, conservation, observe, reservation, servant, subservient, servitude
-ship
{n}: status, condition.
* relationship, friendship
sign, signi
sign, mark, seal.
* signal, signature, design, insignia, significant
simil, simul
like, resembling.
* similar, assimilate, simulate, simulacrum, simultaneous
sist, sta, stit
stand, withstand, make up.
* assist, insist, persist, circumstance, stamina, status, state, static, stable, stationary, substitute
soci
to join, companions.
* sociable, society
sol, solus
alone.
* isolate, soliloquy, solitaire, solitude
solv, solu, solut
loosen, explain. * absolve, dissolution, resolve, soluble
somn
sleep.
* insomnia, somnambulist
soph
wise.
* philosophy, sophomore (wise fool), sophisticated
spec, spect, spi, spic
look, see.
* aspect, conspicuous, expect, inspect, prospect, retrospect, specimen, specific, spectator
sper
render favorable.
* prosperous
sphere
ball, sphere.
* hemisphere, stratosphere, spheroid
spir
breath.
* aspire, expire, inspire, respiration, spirit
stand, stant, stab, stat, stan, sti, sta, st, stead
stand.
* stature, establish, stance
-ster
person.
* mobster, monster, prankster
strain, strict, string, stige
bind, pull, draw tight.
* stringent, strict, restrict, constrict, restrain, boa constrictor
stru, struct, stroy, stry
build.
* construe, structure, construct, instruct, obstruct, destruction, destroy, industry, ministry
sub, suc, suf, sup, sur, sus
under, below, from, secretly, instead of.
* sustain, survive, support, suffice, submerge, substandard, subnormal, subscript
sume, sump
take, use, waste.
* consume, assume, sump, presumption
super, supra
over, above.
* superior, superscript, supernatural, superimpose, supercede
syn, sym
together, at the same time.
* sympathy, synthesis, synchronous, syndicate
tact, tang, tag, tig, ting
touch.
* tactile, contact, intact, intangible, tangible, contagious, contiguous, contingent
tain, ten, tent, tin
hold, keep, have.
* retain, continue, content, tenacious
tect, teg
cover.
* detect, protect, tegular, tegument
tele
distance, far, from afar.
* telephone, telegraph, telegram, telescope, television, telephoto, telecast, telepathy, telepathy
tem, tempo
time.
* tempo, temporary, extemporaneously, contemporary, pro tem, temporal
ten, tin, tain
hold.
* tenacious, tenant, tenure, untenable, detention, retentive, content, pertinent, continent, obstinate, contain, abstain, pertain, detain
tend, tent, tens
stretch, strain.
* tendency, extend, intend, contend, pretend, superintend, tender, extent, tension, pretense
tera
trillion.
* terabyte, teraflop
term
end, boundary, limit. * exterminate, terminal
terr, terra
earth.
* terrain, terrarium, territory, terrestrial
test
to bear witness.
* testament, detest, testimony, attest, testify
the, theo
God, a god.
* monotheism, polytheism, atheism, theology
therm
heat.
* thermometer, theorem, thermal, thermos bottle, thermostat, hypothermia
thesis, thet
place, put.
* antithesis, hypothesis, synthesis, epithet
tire
draw, pull.
* attire, retire, entire
tom
cut.
* atom (not cutable), appendectomy, tonsillectomy, dichotomy, anatomy
tor, tors, tort
twist.
* torture, retort, extort, distort, contort, torsion, tortuous, torturous
tox
poison.
* toxic, intoxicate, antitoxin
tract, tra, trai, treat
drag, draw, pull.
* attract, tractor, traction, extract, retract, protract, detract, subtract, contract, intractable
trans
across, beyond, change.
* transform, transoceanic, transmit, transportation, transducer
tri
three.
* tripod, triangle, trinity, trilateral
trib
pay, bestow.
* tribute, contribute, attribute, retribution, tributary
tribute
give.
* contribute, distribute, tributary
turbo
disturb.
* turbulent, disturb, turbid, turmoil
typ
print.
* type, prototype, typical, typography, typewriter, typology, typify
ultima
last.
* ultimate, ultimatum
umber, umbraticum
shadow.
* umbra, penumbra, (take) umbrage, adumbrate
un
not, against, opposite.
* unceasing, unequal
uni
one.
* uniform, unilateral, universal, unity, unanimous, unite, unison, unicorn
-ure
{n}: act, condition, process, function.
* exposure, conjecture, measure
vac
empty.
* vacate, vacuum, evacuate, vacation, vacant, vacuous
vade
go.
* evade, invader
vale, vali, valu
strength, worth.
* equivalent, valiant, validity, evaluate, value, valor
veh, vect
to carry.
* vector, vehicle, convection, vehement
ven, vent
come.
* convene, intervene, venue, convenient, avenue, circumvent, invent, convent, venture, event, advent, prevent
ver, veri
true. * very, aver, verdict, verity, verify, verisimilitude
verb, verv
word.
* verify, veracity, verbalize, verve
vert, vers
turn, change.
* convert, revert, advertise, versatile, vertigo, invert, reversion, extravert, introvert, diversion, introvert, convertible, reverse, controversy
vi
way.
* viable, vibrate, vibrant
vic, vicis
change, substitute.
* vicarious, vicar, vicissitude
vict, vinc
conquer.
* victor, evict, convict, convince, invincible
vid, vis
see.
* video, evident, provide, providence, visible, revise, supervise, vista, visit, vision, review, indivisible
viv, vita, vivi
alive, life.
* revive, survive, vivid, vivacious, vitality, vivisection, vital, vitamins, revitalize
voc, voke
call.
* vocation, avocation, convocation, invocation, evoke, provoke, revoke, advocate, provocative, vocal
vol
will.
* malevolent, benevolent, volunteer, volition
volcan
fire.
* volcano, vulcanize, Vulcan
volv, volt, vol
turn about, roll.
* revolve, voluble, voluminous, convolution, revolt, evolution
vor
eat greedily.
* voracious, carnivorous, herbivorous, omnivorous, devour
-ward
{adv}: in a direction or manner.
* homeward
-wise
{adv}: in the manner of, with regard to.
* timewise, clockwise, bitwise
with
against.
* withhold, without, withdraw, forthwith
xen-
foreign.
* axenic, xenia, xenophobia
-y
{n}: state, condition, result of an activity.
* society, victory
-y
{adj}: marked by, having.
* hungry, angry, smeary, teary
zo
animal.
* zoo (zoological garden), zoology, zodiac, protozoan