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AP Human Geography Unit 1: Thinking Geographically
Terms in this set (43)
show spatial aspects of information or of a phenomenon
generalized map type designed to show general spatial properties of features
uniqueness of a location (or similarity of two or more locales); phenomena within an area
homogeneous region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics. The shared feature could be a cultural value such as a common language, or an environmental climate
perceptual (vernacular) region
a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity. Such regions emerge from peoples informal sense of place rather than from scientific models developed through geographic thought
area organized around a node or focal
point; the characteristic will diminish in importance as it spreads outward. This region is tied to the central point by transportation or communication
systems or by economic or functional associations
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
collection of computer hardware and software permitting spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, used, and displayed
method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments (e.g., satellites) that are physically distant from the area or object of study
A compass direction such as north or south.
Exact measurement of the physical space between two places.
Directions such as left, right, forward, backward, up, and down based on people's perception of places
A measure of distance that includes the costs of overcoming the friction of absolute distance separating two places. Often this describes the amount of social, cultural, or economic, connectivity between two places.
Gathering close together; forming in a group
distributed or spread over a considerable area
satellite navigation system
a device used to plot the user's position on a map, using GPS technology to obtain the location
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
A theory that claims that cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions.
implies the extent of an area and can be in a relative and absolute sense
The use of Earth's renewable and nonrenewable natural resources in ways that do not constrain resource use in the future.
an influence on the rate of expansion diffusion of an idea, observing that the spread or acceptance of an idea is usually delayed as distance from the source of the innovation increases.
the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
using field observation, spatial data, and aerial photography to gather data to define and describe landscapes
the identification, description and measurement of objects in images, especially in aerial photographs, for geologic, cartographic or military purposes
geospatial data collected through the quantification of a population which can include details of race, religion, gender, etc.
the position of something in relationship to another landmark
Exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the act of physically visiting a location, place, or region and recording, firsthand, information there
Articles published by newspapers and magazines
Writings that describe either the author's journey to a distant and alien place, or writings which discuss the customs, habits and culture of a distant place.
Policies are the business rules and guidelines of a company that ensure consistency and compliance with the company's strategic direction. The Policies lay out the business rules under which a company, division, or department will operate.
A face-to-face conversation in which a researcher surveys an individual to obtain research data
of, relating to, or characteristic of a region.
relating to a nation; common to or characteristic of a whole nation.
relating to or occurring in a particular area, city, or town
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
height above sea level
a way of representing the spherical Earth on a flat surface
picture of Earth's surface taken from a satellite in orbit
process that moves ideas, people, or things, between places
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain
Various ways humans utilize the land such as agricultural, industrial, residential, or recreational
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