How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

26 terms

AP Chem Organics

STUDY
PLAY
Halogens
solvents
R-X
Alcohols
solvents, fuels, etc.
R-OH
Aldehydes
formaldehyde, preservative
R-CHO
Ketones
solvents
R-CO-R'
Carboxylic Acids
pungent odors
R-COOH
Esters
sweet, fruity odors
R-COO-R'
Ethers
anesthetics
R-O-R'
Amines
organic bases
R-NH2
Friedrich Wohler
first chemist to make organic compounds in laboratory
structural isomers
compounds with the same molecular formula, but different structural formula
optical isomers
enantiomers; non super imposable mirror images; different spatial arrangements
geometric isomers
cis-trans isomers; compounds that are identical in the arrangement of their covalent bonds but different in the spatial arrangement of atoms or groups of atoms
dextrorotatory
rotates to the right
levorotatory
rotates to the left
racemic
50% dextrorotatory and 50% levororotatory
saturated
no carbon double bonds
unsaturated
carbon double/triple bond
alkynes
CnH2n-2
addition reaction
break the carbon double bond
elimination reaction
form the carbon double bond
substitution reaction
replace "free radical" with a different "free radical"
aromatic
CnHn; stable compounds that form substitution reactions
esterfication reaction
makes an ester
chiral center
Greek word for hand; makes the molecule eligible for optical isomerism; carbon with 4 different atoms/groups bound to it
cyclo alkanes
CnH2n
alkanes
CnH2n + 2