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US History STAAR Important People Review

A list of people that will appear on the US History STAAR test. For review by all.
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Charles Carroll
Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence
John Hancock
President of the Second Continental Congress
John Jay
Signed the Treaty of Paris to end the American Revolution
John Muhlenberg
Raised a Virginia regiment during the American Revolution
Benjamin Rush
Surgeon of the Continental Army; Signed the Declaration of Independence
Alexis de Tocqueville
American Exceptionalism due to a classless society
Jonathan Trumbell
Financed 60% of the Continental Army's needs
John Witherspoon
Seconded Richard Henry Lee's resolution for independence
Jane Addams
Founder of Hull House
Andrew Carnegie
Wealthy industrialist who became a philanthropist
Frances Willard
Founded the Women's Christian Temperance Union
Sanford Dole
Chosen as President after Queen Liliʻuokalani was overthrown in Hawaii
Henry Cabot Lodge
Supported imperialism; Opposed the League of Nations
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Said a powerful nation needs a strong navy in "The Influence of Seapower Upon History: 1660-1783", published in 1890
John Pershing
Leader of US troops in WWI
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt
Favored the Square Deal, Conservation, and the Bull Moose Party
Alvin York
Hero from WWI
Susan B. Anthony
Fought for women's suffrage
W. E. B. DuBois
Wanted the "Talented 10th" to have equal rights; Helped found the NAACP
Upton Sinclair
Wrote "The Jungle" about meatpacking plants; Aroused public fears about the food industry
Ida B. Wells Barnett
Led a crusade against the lynching of blacks
William Jennings Bryan
Populist party presidential candidate; Scopes Trial lawyer
Glenn Curtiss
Founder of the American Aircraft Industry
Clarence Darrow
Defended John Scopes for teaching evolution
Henry Ford
Perfected assembly line produciton
Marcus Garvey
Lead Back to Africa movement of the UNIA
Warren G. Harding
President during the Teapot Dome scandal
Charles Lindbergh
Flew the first solo transatlantic flight to Paris
Vernon Baker
African-American Medal of Honor winner
Omar Bradley
Commander of Allies at D-Day
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Allied Commander in WWII in Europe; 34th President of the US
Hector P. Garcia
Founder of the GI Forum to protect rights of Mexican-American veterans
Douglas MacArthur
General in the Pacific in WWII; Commander of US forces in Korea
George Marshall
Devised strategy to defeat Germans in WWII
Chester Nimitz
Naval Commander at Coral Sea and Midway
George Patton
Led the North Africa campaign and the Battle of the Bulge
Elanor Roosevelt
FDR's eyes and ears during his presidency
FDR
New Deal and WWII President
Navajo Code Talkers
Used their native language to communicate in the Pacific
The Flying Tigers
Volunteer flying unit to train Chinese Air Force
The Tuskegee Airmen
First African-American airmen
Roy Benavidez
Won Distinguished Service Cross and Medal of Honor
John F. Kennedy
Catholic president; Administration called the "New Frontier"
Joseph McCarthy
Led the Second Red Scare in the 1950s
Richard Nixon
Resigned due to the Watergate scandal
Harry Truman
Dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Cesar Chavez
Co-founder of the United Farm Workers of America
Orval Faubus
Tried to stop the integration of Central High
Betty Friedan
Wrote the Feminine Mystique; Founded NOW
Barry Goldwater
Lost to Johnson in a landslide in the 1964 election
Dolores Huerta
Co-founder of United Farm Workers of America
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK)
"I Have a Dream" Speech
Lester Maddox
Georgia governor who opposed integration
Thurgood Marshall
First African-American Supreme Court Justice
Rosa Parks
Started the Montgomery Bust Boycott
George Wallace
Alabama governor who supported segregation
The Black Panthers
Radical Black Power group
Bill Clinton
Impeached but found not guilty
Hillary Clinton
First Lady who became a Senator and Secretary of State
Bill Gates
Founder of Microsoft
Billy Graham
TV Evangelist and minister to presidents
Robert Johnson
Founder of BET
Estee Lauder
Wealthy self-made entrepreneur
Barack Obama
First African-American president
Sandra Day O'Connor
First female Supreme Court Justice
Ronald Reagan
President who led to the collapse of the Soviet Union
Phyllis Schlafly
Opposed feminists' movement for liberation
Lionel Sosa
Owner of largest Histpanic advertising agency
Sonia Sotomayor
First Hispanic Supreme Court Justice
Sam Walton
Founder of Walmart and Sam's Club
Oprah Winfrey
Most popular and wealthiest woman in the world
Plessey v. Ferguson (1898)
"Separate but equal" facilities are legal if managed by private individuals
Mendez v. Westminster School District of Orange County (1947)
Segregation of Mexican-American children in some California public elementary schools violated California law since no law required segregation
Delgado v. Bastrop I. S. D. (1948)
Texas school districts maintaining separate schools for Anglos and Mexican students in the absence of a law requiring this segregation violated the Equal protection clause of the Constitution (14th amendment)
Sweat v. Painter (1950)
UT law school must accept African-American students, since no equivalent African-American law school exsits
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Plessey v. Ferguson overturned; "Separate but Equal" facilities are no longer legal
Hernandez v. Texas (1954)
Equal protection laws are violated when a state tries a person of a particular race before a jury not containing anyone of that race
White v. Regester (1973)
Districts from which members of a state legislature are chosen may vary in population by up to 10% without violating the Equal Protection Clause
Edgewood I. S. D. v. Kirby (1989)
The method used by Texas to finance public schools was unconstitutional; Legislated Robin Hood Plan
Tinker v. Des Moines School District (1969)
Public school students do have some 1st amendment rights in schools
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
State law requiring all children to attend school until age 16 violated the Amish religion