133 terms

Exam 4

STUDY
PLAY
When in the lifespan is contentment with the "self" the highest?
a. emerging adulthood
b. young adulthood
c. middle adulthood
d. late adulthood
c. middle adulthood
When individuals see themselves as being able to handle a variety of roles and responsibilities effectively, they have ____.
a. positive regard
b. self-acceptance
c. environmental mastery
d. autonomy
c. environmental mastery
When a person in middle adulthood agonizes over the meaning of life and makes radical and reckless changes in order to avoid living a life of quiet desperation, what is the popular conception of what is happening?
a. midlife destitution
b. midlife crisis
c. midlife avoidance
d. midlife confusion
b. midlife crisis
What is the current thought regarding the concept of "midlife crisis?" It is ____.
a. false
b. true
c. inevitable
d. a health risk
a. false
What is the Ericksonian crisis in which individuals have the desire to "live on" after we have died and to help those younger than ourselves so that the effects of our time on earth will be evident when we are gone?
a. trust vs. mistrust
b. integrity vs. despair
c. identity vs. confusion
d. generativity vs. stagnation
d. generativity vs. stagnation
Young adulthood for women in India can be best described as a time of ____.
a. free will and relaxation
b. stress and obedience
c. enlightenment and cognitive pursuits
d. happiness and delight
b. stress and obedience
What percentage of male business executives earning $100,000 or more per year are childless (Hewlett, 2003)?
a. 19%
b. 29%
c. 39%
d. 49%
a. 19%
When do individuals typically leave home in northern Europe and in countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada?
a. when they marry
b. during emerging adulthood
c. when they military
d. when they travel abroad
b. during emerging adulthood
For a transitional period generally no longer than a year, what percentage of American emerging adults return home after moving out?
a. 40%
b. 50%
c. 60%
d. 70%
a. 40%
After your grandmother died of cancer, your parents convinced your grandfather to come live with them. He has to take a fair number of medications and he was not doing so on a regular basis. Your parents thought that it would be best if he lived with them so that they could provide him with assistance. It has been a few years and it appears that your parents' energy levels and emotions are different now. They are more ____.
a. angry and have poor attention spans
b. energetic and happy
c. exhausted and depressed
d. neurotic and stressed
c. exhausted and depressed
Your grandparents are concerned because your sister is getting divorced. What is probably going to happen with regard to their involvement with their grandchildren?
a. They will see their grandchildren more frequently.
b. It will not change.
c. They will see their grandchildren much less frequently.
d. They will never see their grandchildren again.
a. They will see their grandchildren more frequently.
In terms of marital satisfaction, which of the following best describes how marital satisfaction changes over the lifespan?
a. high satisfaction for the first few years of marriage, increasing satisfaction while children are in emerging adulthood and young adulthood, and then plummeting to an all-time low satisfaction for midlife and beyond
b. highest satisfaction in the first few years of marriage, lower satisfaction while children are in emerging adulthood and young adulthood, and even lower satisfaction for midlife and beyond
c. low satisfaction for the first few years of marriage, higher satisfaction while children are in emerging adulthood and young adulthood, and the highest satisfaction for midlife and beyond
d. high satisfaction in the first few years of marriage, reaching a low point while caring for young children and remaining low until the children enter emerging adulthood, and a rebound of satisfaction at midlife and beyond.
d. high satisfaction in the first few years of marriage, reaching a low point while caring for young children and remaining low until the children enter emerging adulthood, and a rebound of satisfaction at midlife and beyond.
After a divorce, what percentage of men and women believe that they made the correct decision?
a. 55%
b. 65%
c. 75%
d. 85%
c. 75%
Job satisfaction peaks during middle adulthood, particularly at what age?
a. in the 40s
b. in the 50s
c. in the 60s
d. in the 70s
b. in the 50s
What is the most common form of leisure for individuals who are in middle adulthood?
a. watching television
b. sports and outdoor activities
c. board games and crossword puzzles
d. video games
a. watching television
Because there is a biological tendency toward increasing body fat and losing muscle mass in middle adulthood, what continues to increase in prevalence?
a. athletic injuries
b. joint problems
c. obesity
d. hair loss
c. obesity
Which of the following best explains why skin begins to wrinkle and becomes saggy during middle adulthood?
a. The body retains less water therefore skin begins to wrinkle and becomes less pliable.
b. White blood cells begin to decrease in number and skin cells are indirectly affected.
c. Skin begins to lose its fat content and the three layers of skin begin to adhere to each other less firmly.
d. The nuclei of skin cells begin to shrink which in turn effects skin elasticity.
c. Skin begins to lose its fat content and the three layers of skin begin to adhere to each other less firmly.
When an individual has difficulties seeing distant objects, what surgical technique can be used to help?
a. monochromal adjustment
b. Lasik
c. lens ablation
d. retinal surgery
b. Lasik
Tribal people in middle adulthood show less decline in hearing than people in developed countries. Why?
a. They are exposed to less noise in their daily lives.
b. They must make loud noises to keep away predators, so they are used to loud noise.
c. They are genetically better at hearing.
d. Their diets have been shown to support hearing.
a. They are exposed to less noise in their daily lives.
Many of your friends' mothers are beginning to experience menopause. Your mother has exercised regularly throughout her entire life and is very fit. When is menopause likely to occur for her?
a. Exercise has no effect on menopause.
b. Women who exercise generally do not menstruate.
c. earlier than most women
d. later than most women
d. later than most women
What is the physical change that occurs in midlife regarding the reproductive system as fertility declines?
a. cacography
b. climacteric
c. climatology
b. climacteric
Which of the following is a very common symptom of menopause?
a. hot flashes
b. cravings for carbohydrates
c. sleeping constantly
d. rashes
a. hot flashes
Your 45-year-old neighbor is experiencing some severe symptoms of menopause and is interested in your thoughts on hormone replacement treatment. What would you tell her? HRT is ____.
a. effective and completely safe
b. effective, but there are serious potential side effects
c. not effective and carries many potential side effects
d. not effective, but there are no severe risks
b. effective, but there are serious potential side effects
In terms of American ethnic groups, women of ____ report the highest rate of hot flashes as a result of menopause?
a. African descent
b. Asian descent
c. European descent
d. Latin descent
a. African descent
Which of the following are factors related to sleep disturbances and sleep disorders during middle adulthood?
a. arthritis, jaundice, and diabetes
b. restless legs syndrome, myopic vision, and hypertension
c. obesity, cardiovascular disease, and depression
d. anxiety, eczema, and psoriasis
c. obesity, cardiovascular disease, and depression
What is the condition in which plaque builds up on the coronary arteries causing the passage of blood through the arteries to become constricted?
a. atherosclerosis
b. cystic fibrosis
c. multiple sclerosis
d. amniocentesis
a. atherosclerosis
Which of the following is a risk factor for osteoporosis?
a. eating soy-based foods
b. obesity
c. smoking
d. too much exercising
b. obesity
Regardless of country, why are men at such higher risks than women for cardiovascular disease? Because men are more likely to ____.
a. have a lower educational level
b. have high-stress jobs
c. smoke
d. work in polluted environments
c. smoke
What involves subjecting the cancerous part of the body to toxic substances intended to poison the cancer cells?
a. radiation therapy
b. chemotherapy
c. angiogenesis inhibitor therapy
d. gene therapy
b. chemotherapy
Your 58-year-old grandmother hates having mammograms. What can you tell her that might help her get her next mammogram? The survival rate of women who have ____.
a. breast cancer is much better if detected early with regular mammograms
b. colon cancer is much better if detected early with regular mammograms
c. prostate cancer is much better if detected early with regular mammograms
d. pancreatic cancer is much better if detected early with regular mammograms
a. breast cancer is much better if detected early with regular mammograms
Fluid and crystallized intelligence were first described by what theorist?
a. Jean Piaget
b. Alfred Binet
c. Raymond Cattell
d. Robert Sternberg
c. Raymond Cattell
A person's vocabulary, cultural information stored in long-term memory, and logical reasoning abilities are known as what type of intelligence?
a. verbal intelligence
b. performance intelligence
c. crystallized intelligence
d. fluid intelligence
c. crystallized intelligence
Fluid intelligence cannot be trained or taught and is a ____ quality of the nervous system.
a. psychologically based
b. biologically based
c. environmentally based
d. socially based
b. biologically based
Crystallized intelligence peaks during what period of life?
a. middle adulthood
b. late adulthood
c. emerging adulthood
d. adolescence
a. middle adulthood
Crystallized and fluid intelligence were studied in the Seattle Longitudinal Study and it was found that perceptual speed ____.
a. increased steeply through the adult years
b. remained consistent with crystallized intelligence
c. leveled off and maintained throughout the adult years
d. declined steeply throughout the adult years
d. declined steeply throughout the adult years
Developmentalists refer to the knowledge and experience in a specific domain as ____.
a. fluidity
b. expertise
c. wisdom
d. intelligence
b. expertise
A person who has what attribute is more likely to be selected to head a department?
a. expertise
b. narcissism
c. assimilation
d. accommodation
a. expertise
What ability shows an unmistakable decline from young to middle adulthood?
a. vocabulary
b. perceptual speed
c. information processing
d. mental agility
b. perceptual speed
In middle adulthood, automaticity makes problem solving fast and efficient. As a result, ________ do not have to consciously sort through every alternative and are very quick to solve problems.
a. experts
b. novices
c. beginners
d. greenhorns
a. experts
An example of how perceptual speed can be assessed would be ____.
a. completing a crossword puzzle
b. reciting the Gettysburg address
c. pressing a button in response to a sound
d. Recalling one's 16th birthday
c. pressing a button in response to a sound
The ability to maintain attention on two or more information sources simultaneously and switch back and forth between them is known as ____.
a. divided attention
b. information processing
c. perceptual attention
d. multi-attention
a. divided attention
Middle adults take a few ____ longer than younger adults to respond by pressing a button in a laboratory task involving lights and sounds
a. milliseconds
b. seconds
c. minutes
d. hours
a. milliseconds
Individuals in young and middle adulthood were compared on their ability to inhibit responding to irrelevant information. Midlife adults were more likely than younger adults to press the bar in response to the ____.
a. slowly presented items
b. quickly presented items
c. wrong combinations
d. correct combinations
c. wrong combinations
An example of divided attention would be ____.
a. typing a term paper on a computer
b. talking on the phone while playing a computer game
c. driving a car in the morning
b. talking on the phone while playing a computer game
An example of multitasking would be ____.
a. Answering e-mail messages during a meeting
b. playing catch with your dog
c. watching television
d. running laps on a track
a. Answering e-mail messages during a meeting
Most developmental psychologists would state that age ____ usually marks the beginning of late adulthood.
a. 65
b. 60
c. 55
d. 70
a. 65
____ is used to illustrate the actual competence and performance of older adults.
a. Functional age
b. Chronological age
c. Competency age
d. Geriatric age
a. Functional age
What is the inevitable biological aging that takes place in all members of the human species, as it takes place in all living organisms?
a. primary aging
b. secondary aging
c. lateral aging
d. tertiary aging
a. primary aging
Which of the following is used to describe the decline in physical functioning that takes place due to lifestyle behaviors such as unhealthy diet, insufficient exercise, and substance use, as well as environmental influences such as pollution?
a. secondary aging
b. primary aging
c. tertiary aging
d. quaternary aging
a. secondary aging
Your mother has quite a bit of gray hair. She told you that she first started getting gray hair when she was 52 and it keeps getting grayer each year. Which of the following explains why your mother's hair keeps on getting gray?
a. There is a loss of pigment that provides color to hair.
b. Gray pigments occur more frequently in older adults.
c. The hair becomes more transparent in old age.
d. Stress creates more gray pigment to appear in older adults.
a. There is a loss of pigment that provides color to hair.
____ is when fluid builds up in the eye and the pressure damages the optic nerve, which causes loss of peripheral vision.
a. Glaucoma
b. A cataract
c. Tetanus
d. Macular degeneration
a. Glaucoma
In addition to natural aging, which of the following is another known factors to increase the risk for hearing loss?
a. smoking cigarettes
b. an excess amount of calcium
c. high exposure to sun
d. chronic sleep deprivation
a. smoking cigarettes
It is estimated that roughly ____ of individuals over age 65 have some degree of impairment in taste and smell.
a. one-fourth
b. one-half
c. two-thirds
d. three-fourths
a. one-fourth
Older adults who have hearing loss may find having conversations with others strenuous and stressful. According to the text, due to their hearing loss they may:
a. engage in social withdrawal
b. experience thinning cilia
c. experience tinnitus
d. develop social anxiety
a. engage in social withdrawal
After age 60, the olfactory bulbs located in the brain:
a. shrivel
b. enlarge
c. begin to dehydrate
d. start to disconnect
a. shrivel
According to the text, sleep apnea is ____.
a. substantially more common in men than among women
b. substantially more common in women than among men
c. slightly more common in men than among women
d. slightly more common in women than among men
a. substantially more common in men than among women
Several aspects of aging in late adulthood contribute to sleep disturbances. ____ for men can lead to frequent urination and disrupted sleep.
a. Enlargement of the prostate gland
b. Slowing of the digestive system
c. Shrinkage of the urethra
d. Atrophy of the bladder
a. Enlargement of the prostate gland
Your grandfather is 78 and just found out that he has osteoporosis. His birthday is coming up and you thought you would get him a gift that would also help improve his bone density. What gift should you give him?
a. weight-lifting equipment
b. a heat pad
c. a cane
d. salt bath solutions
a. weight-lifting equipment
Beyond infant and child mortality, which of the following makes up the vast difference in life expectancy between developed and developing countries?
a. access to health care in late adulthood
b. type of job opportunities available to adults
c. carcinogens and toxins located in the environment
a. access to health care in late adulthood
____ is the ability to keep track of more than one information source simultaneously.
a. Divided attention
b. Selective attention
c. Sustained attention
d. On-task attention
a. Divided attention
Some people in late adulthood have difficulty remembering where they learned something or when an item was first used. What type of memory is this?
a. source memory
b. procedural memory
c. working memory
d. sensory memory
a. source memory
Working memory can be best described as ____.
a. memory for information currently the focus of your attention
b. memories that are stored in the cerebral cortex
c. memories that are below one's level of awareness
d. memories for simplistic motor skills that are stored in the cerebellum
a. memory for information currently the focus of your attention
Shana was diagnosed with Lyme disease and as a result has problems with balance and coordination. When she walks it looks as if she is intoxicated, even though she does not drink alcohol. Which of the following structures is related to Shana's balance and coordination?
a. the cerebellum
b. the hippocampus
c. the brainstem
d. the corpus callosum
a. the cerebellum
Which of the following neurotransmitters is explicitly involved in the functioning of memory and declines in late adulthood?
a. acetylcholine
b. norepinephrine
c. serotonin
d. dopamine
a. acetylcholine
There is a strong positive correlation between wisdom and ____.
a. educational level
b. gender
c. family income
d. age
a. educational level
____ is a classic psychology experiment in which people are asked to indicate the color of a word flashing on a screen, but the word itself presents contrary information.
a. The Stroop test
b. The Myers-Briggs
c. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
d. The Q-sort
a. The Stroop test
Of the following, which is an example of where an individual must perform divided attention?
a. driving a car while navigating with a map and carrying on a conversation
b. using a blender while making a cake
c. painting a picture while passively listening to music
d. planting a garden in the spring
a. driving a car while navigating with a map and carrying on a conversation
____ is the feeling of knowing information that is in long-term memory, but being unable to retrieve it at the moment.
a. Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon
b. Stroop phenomenon
c. Gotcha memory
d. Forgetful memory
a. Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon
Your grandmother explains to you how to use her new smart phone. You ask her where she learned to use her new phone but she cannot recall. Trying her best, she can only tell you how it works. It is clear that your grandmother has limited ____.
a. source memory
b. procedural memory
c. working memory
d. retroactive memory
a. source memory
According to the text, ____ is a gene that is suspected to be related to early-onset Alzheimer's disease.
a. ApoE
b. XQ-28
c. UC -1
d. U-47
a. ApoE
Your grandparents have both been interested in solving puzzles, playing card games, watching educational television, and reading books. How do these activities affect the primary aging process?
a. They enhance mental abilities and slow cognitive decline.
b. Since they interfere with physical activities, they actually quicken the primary aging process.
c. They have no effect on primary aging.
d. They negatively impact primary aging
a. They enhance mental abilities and slow cognitive decline.
The ____ is an assessment instrument that is used to evaluate selective attention.
a. Stroop Test
b. Selective Functioning Test
c. Dichotomous Listening Test
d. Vision/Auditory Test
a. Stroop Test
Your grandfather describes countless recollections of his life, such as his 18th birthday, the first time he drove a tractor, and the birth of his children. According to the text, your grandfather is providing you with ____.
a. autobiographical memories
b. working memories
c. procedural memories
d. subcortical memories
a. autobiographical memories
____ are examples of lifestyle behaviors that influence secondary aging.
a. Smoking, exercise, and cognitive stimulation
b. Neurogenesis, maturation, and cell death
c. White blood cells, red blood cells, and capillaries
d. Decrease in estrogen, loss of bone density, and near sightedness
a. Smoking, exercise, and cognitive stimulation
Adults over age 55 were less likely than any younger age group to report symptoms that fit the diagnosis of:
a. major depressive disorder.
b. generalized anxiety disorder.
c. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
d. paranoid schizophrenia.
a. major depressive disorder.
Smith and Freund (2002) examined the "possible selves" of Germans who were between 70 and 103 years old over a four-year period and found that they:
a. still had goals for self-development that they wanted to achieve.
b. were satisfied with themselves.
c. had very negative views of themselves.
d. had no goals for self-development.
a. still had goals for self-development that they wanted to achieve.
Your aunt who is 72 years old has been having serious difficulties with her hearing. Although she does not want to get hearing aids, you know that if she does not get some help with her hearing, she is may become:
a. sad and depressed.
b. angry and frustrated.
c. irritated and confused.
d. happy and relieved.
a. sad and depressed.
According to Carstensen and her colleagues, when individuals are younger, the goals that people have for their social relationships tend to be more:
a. knowledge-based.
b. emotions based.
c. task-based.
d. conflict-based.
a. knowledge-based
Your grandfather has Alzheimer's Disease and your grandmother is the sole person taking care of him. She does not want outside help at this point. As a result, your grandmother is at risk for:
a. depression.
b. also acquiring Alzheimer's disease.
c. osteoporosis.
d. memory loss.
a. depression.
Older adults maximize their emotional well-being by becoming increasingly selective in their:
a. social contacts.
b. physical activities.
c. entertainment choices.
d. time commitment to family.
a. social contacts.
____ percent of older adults had at least one child who lived within a 30-minute drive of them.
a. Seventy-five
b. Ninety
c. Sixty
d. Forty-five
d. Forty-five
Which of the following has the lowest rate of individuals in late adulthood who live, or share co-residents, with their adult children?
a. Denmark
b. Greece
c. Italy
d. Spain
a. Denmark
According to the text, ____ facilities have separate apartments for each person, but residents are provided with meals in a common dining area, housekeeping services, transportation for shopping and medical appointments, and social activities; whereas, ____ facilities provide all of these services as well as extensive medical care, and most residents are afflicted with dementia or other serious health problems.
a. assisted living, nursing home
b. nursing home, assisted living
c. group home, community home
d. community home, group home
a. assisted living, nursing home
In regards to placing an elderly parent in a nursing home or assisted living facility, which of the following best describes the sentiments of most Asian countries?
a. It is something shameful and should be avoided if possible.
b. It is of little controversy because it is common practice.
c. Most families look forward to placing parents in these facilities.
d. It is not shameful because it is mandated by the government.
a. It is something shameful and should be avoided if possible.
Your uncle died nine years ago and since that time your 68-year-old aunt has developed a relationship and for the past three years has had a gentleman-friend. They are thinking about taking their relationship to the next level. What is that likely to be?
a. Cohabitating
b. Getting married
c. Remaining close, but not living together
d. Moving into an assisted living center
a. Cohabitating
What percent of men age 65 and over in industrialized countries are still employed?
a. 75%
b. 33%
c. 50%
d. 66%
a. 75%
Your great aunt was very disturbed because she just learned that your 76-year-old great uncle occasionally masturbates. She thinks that there is something wrong with him. Is there?
a. No, about 50% of men over age 70 masturbate.
b. No, about 90% of men over age 70 masturbate.
c. Yes, only about 5% of men over age 70 masturbate.
d. Yes, this is clearly an indication that he has serious sexual issues
a. No, about 50% of men over age 70 masturbate.
For the most part, the portrayal of older adults on American television ads tends to emphasize:
a. independence.
b. filial piety.
c. a weak cognitive state.
a. independence.
As discussed in the text, for both self-esteem and depressive symptoms, studies have consistently found that the gender differences that exist in earlier development:
a. diminish or disappear by late adulthood.
b. maintain themselves into adulthood.
c. dramatically increase by late adulthood.
d. slightly increase by late adulthood.
a. diminish or disappear by late adulthood.
What life stage had the highest mortality rates before the past century?
a. infancy
b. toddlerhood
c. early childhood
d. adolescence
a. infancy
How did many young women die before the last century?
a. as a result of farm accidents
b. in industrial accidents
c. during childbirth
d. in motor vehicle accidents
c. during childbirth
Prior to the 20th century, those who had survived beyond young adulthood were increasingly vulnerable to which infectious diseases?
a. smallpox, HIV, and typhus
b. diphtheria, tuberculosis, and smallpox
c. diphtheria, swine flu, and smallpox
d. mad cow disease, tuberculosis, typhus
b. diphtheria, tuberculosis, and smallpox
Death rates from heart disease or cancer were dramatically low prior to the 20th century. Which of the following was the major cause of death?
a. infectious diseases
b. diets that were made up of natural and organic foods
c. better access to health care facilities and trained physicians
d. an agrarian-based lifestyle that was far removed from carcinogens
a. infectious diseases
What is the leading cause of death for children under the age of 5 in developing countries?
a. abuse and neglect
b. malnutrition and starvation
c. accidents
d. infectious diseases
d. infectious diseases
What is the leading cause of death among young people in developed countries?
a. malnutrition
b. accidents
c. infectious diseases
d. abuse
b. accidents
What is the term that refers to the buildup of plaque on arterial walls?
a. atherosclerosis
b. arthritis
c. oncogenes
d. angina pectoris
a. atherosclerosis
During Thanksgiving last year, your uncle had acute pain, was weak and dizzy, had confusion, and was short of breath? What was he experiencing?
a. cardiovascular disease
b. a heart attack
c. angina pectoris
d. stress-induced fatigue
b. a heart attack
What group has the lowest rates of death from heart disease in the United States?
a. Latinos
b. eastern European
c. African Americans
d. Whites
a. Latinos
Which of the following recommendations would you make to help a smoker with a family history of heart disease lower his or her risk?
a. maintain a diet that is low in calcium and vitamin B1, and quit smoking
b. maintain a diet that is high in fluoride and iodine, exercise regularly, and quit smoking
c. maintain a diet that is low in fats and sugars, and quit smoking
d. maintain a diet that is high in vitamin C and folic acid, exercise regularly and quit smoking
c. maintain a diet that is low in fats and sugars, and quit smoking
Your state recently banned smoking in public places. What is likely to occur with regard to the rates of heart attacks during the first year after the ban?
a. a 50% decline
b. a 25% decline
c. a 25% increase
d. a 50% increase
a. a 50% decline
The risk of cancer generally increases with age. What percentage of cancer deaths occur in persons who are age 65 years old and older?
a. 30%
b. 50%
c. 70%
d. 90%
c. 70%
The end of a chromosome is known as the ____.
a. chromere
b. endomere
c. telomere
d. genomere
c. telomere
Researchers have suggested that people who engage in endurance training are more likely to have free radicals, which can be damaging to cells. The presence of what substance might help to reduce the damaging effects of free radicals?
a. antichromerase
b. antioxidants
c. anticancerous
d. antitelemerase
b. antioxidants
What are known side effects of the prolonged use of growth hormones?
a. growth of excess hair, liver damage, and abnormal growth of hands
b. the thinning of hair, hearing impairment, and loss of visual acuity
c. the thinning of hair, scoliosis, and jaundice
d. the growth of sores on the skin, nearsightedness, and eczema
a. growth of excess hair, liver damage, and abnormal growth of hands
Where has death most commonly occurred from the beginning of human history?
a. at home
b. at a hospital
c. in a quarantined area
d. in a communal area at the outskirts of a residential area
a. at home
Although most people in developed countries would prefer to die at home, what percent actually do?
a. 40%
b. 30%
c. 20%
d. 10%
c. 20%
An advantage of a person dying at a hospital is that he or she has the support of healthcare professionals. What is a disadvantage?
a. It tends to be far from an individual's home.
b. It tends to be impersonal and dehumanizing.
c. It is extremely costly and financially draining.
d. It tends to be frightening and demoralizing.
b. It tends to be impersonal and dehumanizing.
When a person has terminal cancer or another life-ending illness, where does hospice most commonly occur?
a. at home
b. in a hospital
c. in a cancer center
d. in a nursing home
a. at home
African Americans generally do not opt to use hospice care. Why is this the case? African Americans believe that ____.
a. medical interventions will eventually succeed
b. doctors and nurses cannot be trusted
c. life must be preserved at any cost
d. continuing with medical care shows respect and love for their family member
d. continuing with medical care shows respect and love for their family member
What procedure involves ceasing medical interventions that would prolong a person's life?
a. active euthanasia
b. passive euthanasia
c. voluntary euthanasia
d. involuntary euthanasia
b. passive euthanasia
There is only one state in the United States in which active euthanasia is legal. What state is that?
a. Oregon
b. California
c. Wisconsin
d. Massachusetts
a. Oregon
Your grandmother has designated your father as the person who will be legally responsible to make decisions regarding her medical treatment on her behalf in case she cannot. Your grandmother has written a ___.
a. legal trust
b. health care proxy
c. Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
d. last will and testament
b. health care proxy
During the initial stage of bereavement, grief often involves ____.
a. shock, numbness, and disbelief
b. depression, anxiety, and shock
c. a split with reality, denial, and anger
d. schizoid type symptoms, numbness, and anger
a. shock, numbness, and disbelief
The grief that children experience over the loss of a parent is dependent in part on how old they were when the parent died and how much ____.
a. support they receive from others
b. their view of whether or not the death was avoidable or unavoidable
c. suicide came into play
d. professional counseling they received
a. support they receive from others
The risk of mortality is how many times higher than married peers in the first year following the death of a spouse?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 7
d. 10
c. 7
What is happening when people accept that the death of a loved one is inevitable and begin to adapt to it emotionally?
a. acceptance grief
b. adaptation grief
c. anticipatory grief
d. anticlimactic grief
c. anticipatory grief
Elizabeth Kübler-Ross would suggest which of the following best illustrates the stage of anger?
a. "Death is inevitable, so now I'd like to concentrate on spending time with loved ones."
b. "It's not fair. I'm a good person. Look at all the people who are much worse than me and yet still healthy."
c. "No, it can't be true. There must be some mistake. Perhaps my test results got mixed up with someone else's."
d. "Let me live, and I promise I'll dedicate my life to healing others."
b. "It's not fair. I'm a good person. Look at all the people who are much worse than me and yet still healthy."
According to Elizabeth Kübler-Ross, which of the following is the correct order of emotions that people go through as a response to death?
a. denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance
b. depression, anger, denial, bargaining, and acceptance
c. bargaining, anger, depression, denial, and acceptance
d. anger, denial, depression, bargaining, and acceptance
a. denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance
Generally it is during ____ that most children understand that death is permanent.
a. early childhood
b. infancy
c. middle childhood
d. adolescence
a. early childhood
_____ explains why some adolescents who have been diagnosed with a terminal illness refuse to believe they really will die soon.
a. Personal fable
b. Imaginary audience
c. Fear of dying
d. Weak ego development
a. Personal fable
Anxiety about death is lowest during which of the following developmental time periods?
a. late adulthood
b. middle adulthood
c. young adulthood
d. emerging adulthood
a. late adulthood
From research that examined Erikson's final psychosocial stage, it was found that most individuals end up in a state of ____.
a. despair
b. ego integrity
c. unhappiness
d. confusion
b. ego integrity
You and a classmate have had several discussions regarding religion and politics. She is not from the United States, but your views on religion, faith, and specifically the afterlife are very similar. You both agree that there is life after death. Which of the following is most likely her native country?
a. Russia
b. Bulgaria
c. Hungary
d. Chile
d. Chile
According to the text, of the following countries, ____ has the greatest degree of skepticism for life after death.
a. Russia
b. Chile
c. the United States
d. the Philippines
a. Russia
Which of the following best describes an individual who is in the state of ego integrity?
a. They have come to terms with their life, for better or worse.
b. They have developed a healthy sense of identity and goals in life.
c. They have the ability to self regulate and take initiative in their own actions.
d. They have developed a sense of trust with their primary care provider.
a. They have come to terms with their life, for better or worse.
Across cultures, ____ tend to rate higher on their anxiety about death.
a. men
b. women
c. individuals with terminal illness
d. individuals of low SES
b. women
In the Pew Survey, ____ of Americans reported they believe in life after death.
a. 15%
b. 50%
c. 25%
d. 75%
d. 75%
Your hairstylist says that she is an agnostic, that is, she is not sure if there is a God. Although you have not asked her, how likely is it that she believes in an afterlife? What percentage of agnostics believe in the afterlife?
a. Not that likely, 35% of agnostics believe in an afterlife.
b. Not very likely, only 20% of agnostics believe in an afterlife.
c. Not likely, 0% of agnostics believe in an afterlife.
d. Somewhat likely, 50% of agnostics believe in an afterlife.
a. Not that likely, 35% of agnostics believe in an afterlife.
In the Buddhist faith, when the soul is released from the cycle of death and rebirth it has reached ____.
a. nirvana
b. paradise
c. fantasy
d. heaven
a. nirvana
____ believes in the importance of "faith" versus "works" that determines what happens in the afterlife.
a. Hinduism
b. Christianity
c. Islam
d. Buddhism
b. Christianity
According to the text, ____% of atheists believe in the afterlife.
a. 8
b. 18
c. 0
d. 27
b. 18
Your neighbor had a family member die and it was very critical that the burial take place very quickly. You were curious and asked why. He told you that his religion does not allow embalming or other procedures to take place. What religion is your neighbor?
a. Islamic
b. Jewish
c. Buddhist
d. Hindu
a. Islamic
You are watching a documentary on how various religions honor their deceased relatives. In this program, the family members are preparing a meal of dishes the deceased person enjoyed in life and the food is served as an offering in a ritual ceremony led by the eldest son. What religion performs this ritual each year?
a. Judaism
b. Christianity
c. Hinduism
d. Islam
c. Hinduism
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