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Wildlife Leaders and Legislation
Terms in this set (33)
Lacey Act (1900)
prohibits transporting live or dead wild animals or their parts across state borders without a federal permit
protected migratory birds and waterfowl and was replaced by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.
Pittman-Robertson Act of 1937
extended the life of an existing 10 percent tax on ammunition and firearms used for sport hunting, and earmarked the proceeds to be distributed to the States for wildlife restoration and hunter education.
Federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act
1918: initiated federal involvement in wildlife management, including internationally with Canada (extended to Mexico in 1936)
Land and Water Conservation Act
Federal program established in 1964, which provides money and grants for governments for the acquisition of land and water and easements for scenic and recreational purposes.
The Wilderness Act
set aside 9 million acres of federal land for minimal human impact
Endangered Species Act
(1973) identifies threatened and endangered species in the U.S., and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)
voluntary subsidy program that pays farmers to stop producing crops on highly erodible farmland
John James Audubon (1785-1851)
He was a gifted artist who preferred observing and painting birds and other wildlife. He began The Birds of America in 1820 and worked diligently to acquire patrons for the project. One of his followers, George Bird Grinnell, founded the first Audubon Society in 1886, dedicated to increasing awareness of and appreciation for nature.
(1838-1914) Naturalist who believed the wilderness should be preserved in its natural state. He was largely responsible for the creation of Yosemite National Park in California.
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War, expansion of Forest Service and started 5 national parks.
Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946)
As the head of the Division of Forestry, he implemented a conservation policy that entailed the scientific management of natural resources to serve the public interest. His work helped start the conservation movement. In 1910, he exposed to the public the decision of Richard A. Ballinger's, President Taft's secretary of the interior, to open up previously protected land for commercial use. Pinchot was fired, but the damage to Taft's public image resulted in the loss of many pro-Taft candidates in 1910 congressional election. (page 956)
wrote A Sand County Almanac published a year after his death in 1948; promoted a "Land Ethic" in which humans are ethically responsible for serving as the protectors of nature.
appointed by Franklin D Roosevelt, report/cartoonist, founded duck stamps, founded National Wildlife Federation, founded Biological Survey (USFWS)
National Park Service
A federal agency founded in 1916 that provided comprehensive oversight of the growing system of national parks.
Wildlife Refuge System
Established in 1966, it is a system of wildlife refuges across the United States
U. S. Forest Service
the division within the department of agriculture that supervises vast areas of u. s. forest land to help conserve timber?
America's oldest and largest grassroots environmental organization founded in 1892 in San Fransisco, California first President was John Muir
______________, one of the oldest conservation organizations in the United States, deals exclusively with waterfowl.
National Wild Turkey Federation
Conservation group focused on Wild Turkey populations and habitats
The Nature Conservancy
this is a US charitable environmental organization that works to preserve the lands and waters on which all life depends. It was founded in 1951 and works in more than 30 countries, including all of the US. It has over 1 million members, and has protected more than 119 million acres of land and 5,000 miles of rivers worldwide. It also operates more than 100 marine conservation projects globally.
The World Wildlife Fund
encourages the sustainable use of resources and supports wildlife protection
The practice of capturing wild birds and placing tiny bracelets on their legs to learn about the birds habits
Wildlife Population Survey
counting the number of wildlife in an area
determining the kinds and amounts of vegetation present in important wildlife areas
Quality Deer Management Association (QDMA)
Group that promotes habitat and population management techniques for whitetail deer.
the most economically important wildlife species
has 5 subspecies in North America and is hunted in Spring
widely pursued freshwater game/sport fish that has great economic impact
a bird that overwinters in the tropics and then travels to temperate areas to breed and raise its offspring
ducks, geese, or other large aquatic birds, especially when regarded as game. Many migrate from North to South in the winter months.
large game species
a management classification which includes deer, elk, bear, moose, and other large animals pursued for sport or food
a management classification which includes eastern cottontail rabbits,
squirrels, quail, ruffed grouse, pheasant and other small animals pursued for sport and food
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