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Indo-Europeans

Indo-Europeans migrated into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interacted with people living there
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Indo-Europeans
A group of nomadic peoples who may have come from the steppes
Steppes
Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus [mountains between the Black and Caspian seas]
Language Family Resemblances
English, Sanskrit, Persian, Spanish, German
Migrations
Movements of a people from one region to another
Hittites
Indo-European speakers who occupied Anatolia by about 2000 B.C.
Anatolia, also called Asia Minor
A huge peninsula in modern-day Turkey that juts out into the Black and Mediterranean seas. A high, rocky plateau, rich in timber and agriculture
Akkadian
Language adopted by Hittites for international use
Aryans
Indo-European people
Vedas
Sacred literature; Four collections of prayers, magical spells, and instructions for performing rituals
Rig Veda
Most important of the collection of Vedas; 1,028 hyms to Aryan gods
Dasas
Aryan's enemy; Spoke a different language, shorter, darker in skin color, town dwellers
Brahmins
Priests (1st on varna system)
Kshatriyas
Rulers and warriors (2nd on varna system)
Vaishyas
Peasants and farmers (3rd on V.S.)
Shudras
Laborers (Last)
Varna
The social system
Mahabharata
Reflects struggles that took place in India as the Aryan kings worked to control Indian lands
Bhagavad Gita
One part of the Mahabharata