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Unit 1 quiz 1
Terms in this set (37)
The Eastern empire split from Rome and continued under ________ rule (although they continued to refer to themselves as Romans)
The Byzantine Empire would ______ ___ ______________ ____ ____ _______ _____ ________ through the Silk Road in Antioch
Connect the Mediterranean to the East via trade
____________ and ____________ re-conquered the West
Justinian and Theodora
What lead to the Byzantines decline in 1453?
Invasions by Arabs and Turks from the 8-15th centuries
Religious differences cause the _________ ________, starring the Eastern Orthodox Church in Constantinople
Great Schismin 1054
Patriarch of Constantinople was set up as the equivalent of what?
The pope in Rome
What did Caesaropapism do in the Byzantine Empire?
It gave the emperor both political and religious power as head of both state and the church
Code of Justinian
compilation of the complex system of Roman laws; became the system of laws for the Byzantine Empire
This marked the beginning of unified civil law and forming basis for western law
Early Arabia was dominated by pastoral tribes who worshiped ________ ______
Mecca was infamous for its religious corruption, social disparity and , the ___________ ___________
What was Muhammad's role is the Muslim faith?
Communicating Allahs will in Arabic
The set of written documents that house Islam's primary beliefs in Arabic is known as the _______
What did this new religion, Islam, do for Mecca?
Called for a radical change in the corruption and social injustice in Mecca
Islam established a belief-based state called_____
5 pillars of islam
belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage
Declaration of faith to only Allah, and testify that Muhammad is this messanger
Prayer 5 times a day
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Fasting during the month of Ramadan
Arab forces conquered the Indus River, and into Central Asia, stopping _____ Chinese expansion __________.
By the mid-eighteenth century CE, Muslim Arabs controlled territory that stretched from ______ ___ _________.
Spain to India
Their spread to _________ tribes helped with the later spread of Islam
The heads of the primary Muslim state
First four caliphs
After Muhammad's death primary Arab group remained united under the rule of who?
The four caliphs
A true state didn't begin until the formation of the _________ _________
Rulers who could adjust political and religious law
Rulers who could adjust political laws and enforce religious law
The abbasids moved the capital to _________
Baghdad ruled under the ________ conquest in 1258
Despite conquest in the name of the ummah , Arab conquers were tolerant of other religions- especially ___________, ________, ___________
Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity
Non Muslims were known as second class or __________
Poll tax that non-Muslims had to pay when living within a Muslim empire
Much of the Middle East and North Africa was _________
Peoria, turkey, and Pakistan were merely _________
Adopting Arab culture and language, abandoning their own
Retaining ones own culture but converting to Islam
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