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Simulation & Bias Vocab
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Terms in this set (17)
Statistics
The study of how to collect, display, describe, and analyze the data from a sample in order to make generalizations about a population
Population
The entire group of subjects or individuals that is the subject of interest
Parameter
Numerical measurement of a population
Census
The collection of data from each unit of the population
Simulation
A way to model random events, such that simulated outcomes closely match real world outcomes
Random
An event in which we know what possible outcomes can occur but do not which outcome will take place
Component
The most basic situation in which something happens at random (singular repeating event)
Outcome
The result of single component
Trial
The number of components necessary to occur to model a situation. Single run of sequence of events being simulated
Response variable
Variable that measures the outcome of each trial; output (y)
Success
What we want to happen
Component
What is being repeated
Bias
Consistently over or under-representing a component of the population in the sample
Voluntary response bias
Occurs when anyone is permitted to choose to respond to a general invitation
Under-coverage bias
Occurs when members of a population cannot be chosen in a sample
Non-response bias
Occurs when a member in the population cannot be reached when called or refuses to participate
Response bias
Non-neutral or poorly worded questions lead people to a particular response
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