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21 terms

Chapter 20- The Atlantic World

vocab. quiz FRIDAY!
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Giovanni da Verrazzano
1524, Italian in the service of France discovered what is today New York Harbor
Jacques Cartier
Frenchman who reached the eastern coast of Canada in 1534 and discovered the St. Lawrence River
Samuel de Champlain
Frenchman who laid claim to a region of Canada in 1608 he called Quebec
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
Frenchmen who explored the Great Lakes in 1673
Sieur de La Salle
Frenchman who explored the lower Mississippi in 1683 and named it Louisiana in honor of the French king, Louis XIV
New France
the region of N. America that France eventually named its' colonial empire
Jamestown
first permanent successful English settlement founded in 1607 in N. America
John Smith
English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia; said to have been saved by Pocahontas
Pilgrims
colonists who left England and founded a second English colony in Massachusetts in 1620
Puritans
colonists from England who sought religious freedom by est. themselves in N. America
Henry Hudson
an Englishman in the service of the Netherlands who discovered the Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and Hudson Strait in 1609
Duke of York
brother of English king, Charles II who drove out the Dutch in 1644 @ New Netherland and renamed it New York
French and Indian War
a conflict between Britain and France for control of territory in N. America lasting from 1754-1763
Original 13 Colonies
the thirteen British colonies in N. America that joined together to form the original states of the US
King Phillip's War
one of the bloodiest battles fought in 1675 between the colonists and Native Americans throughout Massachusetts.
Columbian Exchange
the transfer of foods, plants, and animals during hte colonization of the Americas
Atlantic Slave Trade
the buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
Mercantilism
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by selling more goods than they bought
Triangular Trade
the trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, the West Indies, and colonies of N. America
Middle Passage
the voyage that brought captured Africans the Americas- so called because it was considered the middle leg of the triangular trade
Capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit