Terms in this set (16)
An invisible line that runs across the 0° line of Longitude heading North and South.
Purpose of Latitude
to locate places using coordinates.
A map showing units such as countries, states, provinces, districts, etc. Each is normally a different color
the study of the earth's physical and cultural features
First colony in America
Why did the pilgrims and puritans leave England for the United States?
Religious freedom, economic opportunity, adventure.
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
A Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government.
King Philip's War
1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
1694- He was the founder of Maryland, a colony which offered religious freedom, and a refuge for the persecuted Roman Catholics.
Founder and governor of the Georgia colony. He ran a tightly-disciplined, military-like colony. Slaves, alcohol, and Catholicism were forbidden in his colony. Many colonists felt that Oglethorpe was a dictator, and that (along with the colonist's dissatisfaction over not being allowed to own slaves) caused the colony to break down and Oglethorpe to lose his position as governor.
Cause of the French and Indian War
England and France both wanted to control the Ohio River Valley
Washington French and Indian War
Virginia colonial officer who was sent to investigate French incursion into the Ohio Valley.
Identify and explain the three factors that cause the emerging European nations to colonize the New World?
Economic Motives. The primary motives of European explorers were economic. ...
Religious Proselytizing. Explorer Hernan Cortes felt it was his duty to convert New World peoples to the Catholic faith.
Pursuit of Knowledge. ...
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