Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to:
solve arithmetic problems.
The depolarization of an axon is most likely to occur when:
positively charged ions rush into the axon.
Identical twins originate from:
the fertilization of a single egg cell and a single sperm cell.
The best way to detect enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia is to use a(n):
A football quarterback can simultaneously make calculations of receiver distances, player movements, and gravitational forces. This best illustrates the activity of multiple:
Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?
The sense of hearing is to the ________ lobes as the sense of touch is to the ________ lobes.
The movement of voluntary skeletal muscles involved in doing calisthenics is under the control of the
somatic nervous system
The depolarization of a neural membrane can create a(n):
The release of epinephrine into the bloodstream is most likely to:
The fact that Maria was a little later than her sisters in going through puberty can be attributed to the action of her
Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the formation of new memories?
The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the:
Information travels from the spinal cord to the brain via:
The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________.
____ nerves receive information, while ____ nerves carry out instructions.
A neurologist believes that Hillary may have epilepsy. To confirm this diagnosis the neurologist needs to record the overall electrical activity in Hillary's brain. The best way for the neurologist to obtain this information would be to use
an electroencephalograph (EEG)
Pat is normally very restless and fidgety, whereas Shelley is usually quiet and easygoing. The two children most clearly differ in:
Agonists are chemicals that may mimic the activity of:
In computers, when the print command is executed, a cable carries this signal from the computer to the printer. In comparing a computer to a neuron, the cable that carries the signal between the computer and the printer would be equivalent to
Which region of the human brain best distinguishes us from other animals?
The two most basic divisions of the nervous system are the
central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system
A good analogy for the way in which a neurotransmitter binds to receptor sites is
a key fitting in the lock of a door
Imagine that a picture of a blue circle is briefly flashed in the left visual field of an individual with a severed corpus callosum. At the same time, a picture of a red square is briefly flashed in the right visual field. Based on Roger Sperry's work with split-brain patients, you could predict that this individual will say
"I saw a red square."
Signal reception is to ________ as signal transmission is to ________.
When Stoyka was a child, a brain disease required the surgical removal of her left cerebral hemisphere. Stoyka is now a successful college student who lives a normal life. Her success best illustrates the importance of:
A drug that mimics the effects of a particular neurotransmitter or blocks its reuptake is called a(n):
Which of the following is the correct sequence of steps through which neurotransmitters progress during synaptic transmission?