Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to:
solve arithmetic problems.
The depolarization of an axon is most likely to occur when:
positively charged ions rush into the axon.
The best way to detect enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia is to use a(n):
A football quarterback can simultaneously make calculations of receiver distances, player movements, and gravitational forces. This best illustrates the activity of multiple:
The sense of hearing is to the ________ lobes as the sense of touch is to the ________ lobes.
The movement of voluntary skeletal muscles involved in doing calisthenics is under the control of the
somatic nervous system
The fact that Maria was a little later than her sisters in going through puberty can be attributed to the action of her
Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the formation of new memories?
The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the:
The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________.
A neurologist believes that Hillary may have epilepsy. To confirm this diagnosis the neurologist needs to record the overall electrical activity in Hillary's brain. The best way for the neurologist to obtain this information would be to use
an electroencephalograph (EEG)
Pat is normally very restless and fidgety, whereas Shelley is usually quiet and easygoing. The two children most clearly differ in:
In computers, when the print command is executed, a cable carries this signal from the computer to the printer. In comparing a computer to a neuron, the cable that carries the signal between the computer and the printer would be equivalent to
The two most basic divisions of the nervous system are the
central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system
A good analogy for the way in which a neurotransmitter binds to receptor sites is
a key fitting in the lock of a door
Imagine that a picture of a blue circle is briefly flashed in the left visual field of an individual with a severed corpus callosum. At the same time, a picture of a red square is briefly flashed in the right visual field. Based on Roger Sperry's work with split-brain patients, you could predict that this individual will say
"I saw a red square."
When Stoyka was a child, a brain disease required the surgical removal of her left cerebral hemisphere. Stoyka is now a successful college student who lives a normal life. Her success best illustrates the importance of:
A drug that mimics the effects of a particular neurotransmitter or blocks its reuptake is called a(n):
Which of the following is the correct sequence of steps through which neurotransmitters progress during synaptic transmission?
synthesis, release, binding, inactivation, reuptake
Robyn has just eaten a full meal and is now relaxing. Robyn's ____ is in primary control at this time.
parasympathetic nervous system
After Kato's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Kato is most likely to have difficulty:
playing his guitar.
José has just played a long, bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of:
Heritability refers to the extent to which:
trait differences among individuals are attributable to genetic variations.
The ability to recognize faces with the right hemisphere but not with the left hemisphere best illustrates:
After Miguel's recent automobile accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebral cortex in Broca's area. It is likely that Miguel will have difficulty:
In order for you to experience the pain of a sprained ankle, ________ must first relay messages from your ankle to your central nervous system.
Shot in the head, the victim died instantly because the bullet entered the ____, the portion of the hindbrain that regulates breathing.
With regard to the process of neural transmission, a refractory period refers to a time interval in which:
positively charged ions are pumped back outside a neural membrane.
If you have difficulty understanding the meaning of someone's speech, you may suspect damage to
The ____ nervous system mobilizes the body when one needs to exert tremendous energy (such as flee from an attacker).
The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the: