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98 terms

Musical Proficiency

Flashcards with questions along the catagories of notes, rests, dynamics, markings, articulation, notation, tempo, time signitures, musical terms, key signitures, order of flats and sharps, and other musical terms.
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how many counts does a whole note get in 4/4 time
4
how many counts does a whole note get in 2/2 time
2
how many counts does a dotted half note get in 4/4 time
3
how many counts does a dotted half note get in 6/8 time
6
how many counts does a dotted half note get in 2/2 time
1 1/2
how many counts does a half note get in 4/4 time
2
how many counts does a half note get in 6/8 time
4
how many counts does a half note get in 2/2 time
1
how many counts does a dotted quarter note get in 4/4 time
1 1/2
how many counts does a dotted quarter note get in 6/8 time
3
how many counts does a dotted quarter note get in 2/2 time
3/4
how many counts does a quarter note get in 4/4 time
1
how many counts does a quarter note get in 6/8 time
2
how many counts does a quarter note get in 2/2 time
1/2
how many counts does a dotted eighth note get in 4/4 time
3/4
how many counts does a dotted eighth note get in 6/8 time
1 1/2
how many counts does a dotted eighth note get in 2/2 time
3/8
how many counts does a eighth note get in 4/4 time
1/2
how many counts does a eighth note get in 6/8 time
1
how many counts does a eighth note get in 2/2 time
1/4
how many counts does a dotted sixteenth note get in 4/4 time
3/8
how many counts does a dotted sixteenth note get in 6/8 time
3/4
how many counts does a dotted sixteenth note get in 2/2 time
3/16
how many counts does a sixteenth note get in 4/4 time
1/4
how many counts does a sixteenth note get in 6/8 time
1/2
how many counts does a sixteenth note get in 2/2 time
1/8
what does it mean when a note is dotted
it is half the length of the note that it follows
what is a dynamic or marking
the louds and softs of music
what dynamic means very soft
pianissimo PP
what dynamic means soft
piano P
what dynamic means medium soft
mezzo piano MP
what dynamic means medium loud
mezzo forte MF
what dynamic means loud
forte F
what dynamic means very loud
fortissimo FF
what marking means hit that sucker big time
sforzando SFZ
what marking means gradually get softer
decrescendo
what marking means gradually get louder
crescendo
what marking means to soften
diminuendo
what is aticulation
the way you perform a note
what articulation connects notes without breath
slur
what articulation seperates notes
staccato
what articulation means smooth
legato
what articulation means semi-seperated
marcato
what articulation makes the first part of the note stressed more than the last part
bell accent
what articulation means to lean on note crisply
short accent
what articulation makes two shorter notes connected to make one longer one
tie
what is notation
the way of writing music
what lowers a note a half step
flat
what raises a note a half step
sharp
what removes a sharp or flat
natural
what lowers a flat a whole step
double flat
what raises a sharp a whole step
double sharp
what is the speed at which the music is performed
tempo marking
what are the 10 tempo markings from slow to fast
largo, adagio, andante, moderato, allegretto, allegro, vivo, vivace, presto, prestissimo
what is a musical mark that means little by little
poco a poco
what is a musical mark that means to increase tempo little by little
accelerando
what musical mark means gradually slow down
ritardando
what musical mark means return to the original tempo
a tempo
what musical mark means to slow the tempo
rallantando
what musical mark means to fluxuate the tempo with the directior
rubato
what musical mark means to play the same style
simili
what is a time signiture
two numbers, one over the other, the top one telling how many counts in one measure, the bottom number tells what kind of note gets one count
what is the top number in the time signature
how many counts are in one measure
what is the bottom number in the time signature
which note gets one count
what are the five lines on which music is written
staff
what is the f clef
bass clef
what staff includes both bass and treble cleff
grand staff
what is it when the same pitch has two different names
enharmonic spelling
what is the g cleff
treble clef
what is it when you change the music into a different key.
transposing
what is it when everyone plays the same part
unison
what is it when two or more parts are being performed at the same time
harmony
what is it when the accent is on the weak beat or the weak part of the beat
syncopation
what is a steady pulse
beat
what is the activity above the beat
rythym
what key has no sharps of flats
c major
a minor
what key has one flat
f major
d minor
what key has two flats
b flat major
g minor
what key has three flats
e flat major
c minor
what key has four flats
a flat major
f minor
what key has five flats
d flat major
b flat minor
what key has six flats
g flat major
e flat minor
what key has seven flats
c flat major
a flat mino
what key has one sharp
g major
e minor
what key has two sharps
d major
b minor
what key has three sharps
a major
f# minor
what key has four sharps
e major
c# minor
what key has five sharps
b major
g# minor
what key has six sharps
f# major
d# minor
what key has seven sharps
c# major
a# minor
what is the order of flats
b e a d g c f
what is the order of sharps
f c g d a e b
What is three half steps below relative major
relative minor
what is three half steps below relative minor
relative major
what always determines the key signature of the natural mino
the relative major
what minor scale has no accidentals
natural minor
what scale is the natural minor scale with the seventh degree of the scale raised a half step both up and down
harmonic minor
what scale is a natural minor scale with the sixth nad seventh degree of the scale raised a half step down on the way up and restored to their normal tonality on the way down.
melodic minor scale