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7th Grade Civics EOC Full Review
This is a review for the 7th Grade Civics EOC review for the state of Florida. If you pass this sample test on quizlet, you will probably pass the EOC!
Terms in this set (114)
The Enlgightenment idea of the separation of powers was developed by
Baron de Montesquieu
John Locke's theory that certain truths in society come from and are governed by nature is known as the theory of
Describe John Locke's theory of social contract.
People gave for some of their rights to government in order to have better lives.
This document guaranteed that not even the king or queen was above the law.
Explain the significance of the English Bill of Rights on the development of the U.S. constitution.
Established thought that individual rights should be listed and protected
What was the first document that established self-government by creating a direct democracy in the colonies?
This pamphlet was used to persuade members of the Second Continental Congress and justified the ideals and reasons for independence from Great Britian.
Give specific examples of colonial responses to English Policies.
Boston Tea Party, boycott, protest, literature
What concerns of the colonists led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence?
Taxation without respresentation, forced quartering violation of BR
What were the main complaints/arguments against Britian in the Declaration of Independence?
Colonists felt that England was not protecting their rights, taxing witout representation
John Locke's theory of ___________ guaranteed that all individuals are entitled to basic rights such as life, liberty, and property.
Which document outlined the first form of government for the United States? Which system of government did this document create?
Articles of Confederation, a confederal system (no central government)
List some of the major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
Central government was too weak, document was inflexible and could not be be changed, no national currency, no federal revenue
What is the purpose of the Preamble to the constitution?
It introduces the goals and concepts outlined in the constitution + reinforces principle of government
What was the main argument the Federalists used to support the ratification of the Constitution?
The need for a stronger government
List the arguments the Anti-Federalists used to against ratifying the Constitution.
No bill of rights, central government too strong
A legal member of a country is a
Name two ways a person can become a U.S. citizen
Birth (Natural Birth) or naturalization
List the steps in the naturalization process.
Sign declaration of intent apply for residency visa, citizenship, finger printed, interview with a USEIS, pass citizenship test
What are the major differences between Democrats and Republicans?
Government support of U.S. welfare
What is a plank?
A specific issue that is a part of a parties' platform.for
What is a platform?
A group that candidates campaings on or that a party supports.
Give an example of media informing the public about government.
A newspaper reports the details about a bill.
Give an example of how an individual can influence government.
Write a letter expressing a concern to county commissioner.
Give an example on how interest groups can influence government.
An interest group can endorse a candidate for election.
What is bias?
Showing preference towards toward a particular viewpoint.
What is symbolism?
The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
What is propaganda?
Ideas used to peoples' thinking or behavior.
What is the difference between direct democracy and representative democracy?
Direct: Voting "Directly" for leaders/laws
Representative: Electing leaders to vote for you
Explain the major similarity between socialism and communism.
Both socialism and communism are based on the principle that the goods and services produced in an economy should be owned publicly, and controlled and planned by a certified organization
A type of government in which the leadership is comprised of the few wealthy elite is called a
What is monarchy?
A type of government in which the head of state is a king or queen
What is autocracy?
A system of government with absolute power
What is the Federal System of government?
Federal: Powers of government are divided between National and State Governments.
What is a confederal system of government?
Powers of government are concentrated at the state level. A loose union of states.
What is a unitary system of government?
Unitary: A central body retains supreme power.
What is the term for a system of govenment in which the power to make and execute laws is held by a parliament?
What term means that all citizens are accountable to the law?
Rule of Law
Why is rule of law fundamental to the American legal system?
American democracy is based on the idea of equality.
Why is it an obligation or a duty for citizens to follow laws?
Compliance maintains social order
Why do citizens pay taxes? How does this benefit society?
It is an obligation or duty and they help pay for public services.
Why is it important to have citizens serve on juries?
It is an obligation or duty and to ensure fair trials/justice.
Order the five rights guaranteed by the 1st amendment.
Why was it important to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution?
It satisfied the Anti-Federalists, limits and government and protects individuals.
List the rights guaranteed by the 5th amendment (4D's)
D: Due Process D: Double Jeopardy D: Eminent Domain D: Don't have to testify
How do the fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth amendments protect the rights of the accused?
Search and Seizure, 4D's, speechy trial, impartial jury, right to attorney, no excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishment
Why do you think the Framers included the 2nd amendment with respect to militias?
Individuals rights to protect themselves protected
Why did the Framers include the 3rd amendment in the Bill of Rights?
Reactions to the Quartering act
Explain the difference between the 6th and 7th amendments
Sixth protects the rights of the accused, and seventh ensures fairness in civil cases
How does the Ninth Amendment safeguard individual liberties?
Individual rights are not limited to only those listed.
The division of powers between three branches of government is called
Separation of Powers
The ability of one branch of government to limit powers of the others is called
Checks + Balances
What is the purpose of checks and balances and separation of powers in the constitution?
To prevent one branch of government from becoming too powerful
What is the "highest law of land" in the U.S.?
______________ law refers to the body of law that governs relationships between individuals and settle disputes.
______________ law refers to the body of law that regulates the conduct of individuals.
______________ law is based on the Constitution and Supreme Court descisions.
______________ law governs the behavior of men and women in all branches of the armed forces.
Which amendment abolished slavery in the U.S.?
Which amendment guaranteed due process, equal protection, under the law and granted rights of citizenship to African Americans?
Which amendment guaranteed the right of suffrage regardless of previous condition of servitude?
Which amendment, ratified in 1920, guaranteed women's suffrage?
Which amendment outlawed the use of poll taxes as a requirement for voting?
In the wake of the Vietnam War, which amendment was added to lower the voting age of U.S. citizens to 18?
What Landmark Supreme Court case resulted in the principle of Judicial Review?
Marbury vs. Madison
What Landmark Supreme Court case justified segregation and the principle of "separate but equal"?
Plesst vs. Ferguson
What Landmark Supreme Court case overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson descision by ruling the separate facilities were not equal and ended segregation in schools?
Brown vs. Board of Education
What Landmark Supreme Court case required states to provide free legal help to those who could not afford representation in court?
Gideon vs. Wainwright
What Landmark Supreme Court case ruled that an individual's rights begin at the time of their arrest and required that individual be notified of these rights?
Miranda vs. Arizona
What Landmark Supreme Court case rules that juveniles accused of crimes receive the same due process as adults?
In Re: Gault
What Landmark Supreme Court case expanded interpretation of the First Amendment right to free speech in schools to also include freedom of expression?
Tinker vs. Des Moines
What Landmark Supreme Court case limited freedom of press in school publications?
Hazelwood vs. Kuhlm
The Supreme Court ruled ___________ that "executive privilege" is only extended when connected to national security.
United States vs. Nixon
What Landmark Supreme Court case ruled that the Supreme Court could overrule a state court's descisions on state laws (in regards to Election 2000)
Bush vs. Gore
When evaluating candidates for office, what are examples of things that might influence your decision?
Qualifications, experience, abilities, education, platform
All policies dealing with issues within the United States are considered ____________ policy.
__________________ is the government's plan for interacting with other countries of the world.
The policy of _________ the income of U.S. citizens to fund government programs for the good of society is an example of domestic policy.
Providing monetary aid, military assistance or food to nations in need in orderto promote peace is an example of __________ policy.
This organization is an international assembly of nations to discuss and act on important global issues.
UN; United Nations
This "security alliance" between the United States and many european countries was originally formed to establish a united front against Soviet aggression during the Cold War and now engages in joint security and peacekeeping operations.
NATO; North Atlantic Treaty Organization
This volunteer program provides technical assistance and cultural understanding between the United States and other nations.
This UN agency promotes worldwide health to combat the spread of diseases.
WHO; World Health Organization
Which UN agency promotes international trade among nations?
WTO; World Trade Organization
What court is known as the "World Court"?
International Court of Justice
This term describes a way in which the US can enter into an agreement with other nations to resolve conflicts or further relationships.
The United States has used this mechanism to punish nations that violate human rights or otherwise threaten the interests of the United States.
In a federal system, _______________ powers are shared between the states and the national government.
The ability to protect borders is best performed by which level of government?
The service of maintaining public libraries is best performed by which level of government?
What are the main sections of the Florida and U.S. constitutions called?
Preamble, Amendments, and Articles that establish three-branch government
In this form of government, all citizens in the community vote on all descisions.
Voting for representatives to carry out the work of government and make descisions is defined as what level of government?
____________ is a system of government that believes that society should organize and control the means of production for the welfare of all.
_____________ is a system of government that velieves that the state would own the land, capital, labor and make all economic descisions.
In this form of government, a king or queen reigns over a kingdom or empire.
A form of government in which only a few people rule.
A dictatorship is an example of this type of government in which one person holds all the power.
The _________ type of of democratic government that exists in Great Britain is led by a majority of its legislature who then chooses its executive that is called a ___________.
Parliamentry; Prime Minister
In what type of government is a soverign state governed as opne single unit in which the central government is supreme?
A ______________ is a loose association of states.
A system of government where powers are shared and divided between the national and state government.
What are the basic steps on how a bill becomes a law?
A bill is introduced in one house of congress; then sent to committee
Only whom has the power to declare war?
A _____________ legislature is a lawmaking body with two houses.
What are the two houses of US congress?
House of Representatives + Senate
What are the qualifications for members of the House of Representatives?
25 years old, citizen of U.S. for at least 7 years, local resident for state they represent.
What are the qualifications for members of the Senate?
30 years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, local resident for state they represent.
What is the term limit for the President of the U.S.?
Two terms or 10 years?
What are the duties for vice president?
Serve as president if something happens to the president and preside over senate.
Who is Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces?
President of U.S.
What makes up the Executive Office of the President?
Agencies and offices that advise the president
What is an example of a public issue?
What are the two ways a US Constitutional amendment can be proposed?
By Congress (2/3 vote)
National Convention (2/3rds)
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