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author's purpose

the author's intent in writing a piece of literature


a figure of speech in which an object or animal displays human traits


an author's attitude toward his or her subject matter, as conveyed through word choice, punctuation, sentence structure, and figures of speech


Writing that uses humor or wit to ridicule the vices or follies of people or societies. The purpose may be to bring about change or to entertain.


A person, object, image, word, or event that evokes a range of additional meaning beyond and usually more abstract than its literal significance.


The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of non-rhyming words or syllables in neighboring words.

Example: towering, trees


The use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sounds of what it describes. Examples: hiss, crack, swish, buzz


A group of lines that forms a unit in poem, similar to a paragraph.

rhyme scheme

The pattern of rhyme formed by the end rhyme in a stanza or poem. A common rhyme scheme is abab such as in 4 line stanza.

internal rhyme

Rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetry. Internal rhyme is used to convey meaning to invoke mood or to create a musical effect.

eye rhyme

Occurs when words are spelled similarly but sound differently, such as some and dome.

narrative poem

Poetry that tells a story, including ballads and epics.

Example: "The Raven" is an example.

Point of view

The vantage point from which the writer tells the story.

First person

The narrator is a character in the story, using pronouns such as "I" or "me"

Third Person limited

An unknown narrator who is not a character in the story. The narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character.

Third-person omniscient

A narrator who is "all-knowing" and tells the thoughts and feelings of all the characters in the story.

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