US History STAAR EOC Review - Amendments, Laws and legal issues
Terms in this set (24)
Ended slavery in the United States of America.
The most powerful amendment, it protects all citizenship and applies the constitution to all.
All men have the right to vote no matter their race or if they used to be slaves.
Allowed Congress to levy and income tax.
Direct election of Senators.
Outlawed poll taxes.
Gave women the right to vote.
Gave 18 year olds the right to vote.
Plessy v. Ferguson
This case established the principle of separate but equal facilities which led to legal segregation of the races.
Mendez v Westminster
This case ruled that, in California, the segregation of Mexican-Americans was unconstitutional. It was cited in the Brown v Board of Education case.
Delgado v Bastrop
This ruled that the segregation of Mexican American children in Texas was illegal.
Citizens can introduce new laws by petition.
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove proposed legislation or a proposed constitutional amendment.
A procedure allowing the people to vote to dismiss an elected official from state office before his or her term has expired.
Sweatt v. Painter
1950, Supreme Court ruled that separate professional schools for blacks failed to meet the test of equality. The school that was the target of this case was the University of Texas.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
A federal law, passed during Lyndon Johnson's presidency, that authorized federal action against segregation in public accommodations, public facilities, and employment.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
American Indian Citizenship Act
1924 law granted immediate U.S. citizenship to all Native American Indians born in the United States.
Voting Rights Act, 1965
Abolished literacy tests for voters and authorized a system of federal examiners to register black voters.
Tinker v. Des Moines
The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights when they entered the building but they can be limited if they cause a disruption; Black armbands in school is free speech, protected by 1st amendment.
Wisconsin v. Yoder
Amish children do not have to go to school until they are 16---they may stop after the 8th grade.
White v. Regester,
Supreme Court ruled that the Texas redistricting in 1970 was discriminatory against different groups in various districts.
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
Texas case that ended discrimination against poor school districts. Redistributes property taxes equally across the state from richer districts to poorer districts.