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Psych Ch 3
Terms in this set (44)
In an approach-approach conflict, a person must choose between two or more goals that will lead to _____
a desirable result
The following disease(s) of adaptation that may occur after the resistance phase of the GAS
_____ is one of the largest sources of chronic stress for adults
Which of the following is NOT one of the major causes of stress identified in your TEXT?
_______ coping can allow people to step back from an especially overwhelming problem, which they can reassess later.
_____ is an unpleasant state of tension, anxiety, and heightened sympathetic activity that results from a blocked goal.
The most difficult conflict to resolve is usually the _____ conflict
Hypercortisolism can lead to all EXCEPT which of the following
it can lead to all
In your text, the physical and mental arousal to situations that we perceive as threatening or challenging is called _____.
The top five causes of death in the world today include
coronary heart disease, strokes, lower respiratory infections, and diarrhea
You have a minor car accident after which you experience sweaty palms, rapid breathing, and a racing heart. In this situation, _____ is the stressor, and _____ is the stress
the accident; your physical reaction
Problem-focused forms of coping focus on _____.
decreasing or eliminating the source of stress
A health psychologist is LEAST likely to _____.
study interpersonal relationships among nurses and doctors
A physiological alarm reaction, followed by resistance, and ending with exhaustion is known as _____
the general adaption syndrome
In an avoidance-avoidance conflict, a person must choose between two or more goals that will lead to _____
an undesirable result
In Selye's general adaptation syndrome theory of stress, the initial response of the autonomic nervous system to a stressor occurs in the _____ phase
cancer can result from:
stress, which releases hormones that suppresses immune functioning
People who experience flashbacks, nightmares, and impaired functioning following a life-threatening or other horrifying event are _____.
The body's state of equilibrium is called ______.
Which of the following situations is the BEST example of eustress?
Mose is performing his regular, moderate workout at the gym.
Desmond sees an attractive woman whom he would like to meet. As he approaches her, his heart starts racing and his pupils dilate. In this situation, _____ is the stressor, and _____ is the stress.
approaching the attractive woman; Desmond's racing heart
Small problems of daily living that accumulate and sometimes become a major source of stress are called _____.
Stress increases the risk of heart disease because unused fat cells released during the stress response may _____.
be deposited on and block coronary arteries
People who interpret stress as challenging and interesting rather than threatening or frustrating are exhibiting _____.
According to Selye, pleasant, positive, desirable stress is called _____.
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale, constructed by Holmes and Rahe, measures the stress in a person's life on the basis of _____.
When one is forced to choose between two or more different and incompatible personal or professional functions, one is experiencing ______.
Survivors of cataclysmic events may develop a prolonged and severe stress reaction, known as _________
Which of the following is NOT a stressor?
all are stressors
_____ is the field that studies the effects of psychological factors on the immune system.
The end result of a total absence of stress is _____.
According to your text, most people do NOT have cancer because _____.
the immune system keeps cancer cells in check
A stressor is defined as:
an environmental trigger that prompts a stressful reaction
Hans Selye defined stress as
the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it
A negative emotional state caused by having to choose between two or more incompatible goals or impulses is called _____.
_____ plays a critical role in the long-term effects of stress, and it is the most common measure of stress.
The body's immediate fight-or-flight response is facilitated by the _______ system(s).
The two chemicals released during the fight or flight stress response that are associated with the development of heart disease are _____.
cortisol and epinephrine
The release of cortisol during the fight or flight response occurs at the end of the _____ pathway.
hypothalamus, Pituitary, Adrenal cortex
After exposure to a severe and prolonged stressor, illness and death may occur in the _____ phase of the general adaptation syndrome.
According to your text, the chemical that saves feedback information to the brain about the body's response to stress is _______.
People with cynical hostility are more prone to heart disease because _____.
According to Selye, distress is _____.
A state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion attributable to long-term involvement in emotionally demanding situations is called _____.
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