60 terms

S2 Mastery Vocabulary 2

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Abstruse
Adjective
Extremely difficult to understand
Synonyms: esoteric, arcane, occult
Antonyms: simple, straightforward
Affront
noun, verb
An open or unintentional insult; a slight insult
Verb: to insult one's face; to face in defiance, confront
Synonyms: (n) offensive, (v) offend
Antonyms: (n,v) compliment, praise
Canard
Noun
A false rumor, fabricated story
Synonyms: hoax
Captious
Adjective
Excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up
Synonyms: faultfinding, nitpicking, carping
Antonyms: uncritical
Cognizant
Adjective
Aware, knowledgeable, informed
Contrite
Adjective
regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt; thoroughly penitent
Synonyms: remorseful, rueful
Antonyms: unrepentant, unapologetic, impenitent
Cynosure
noun
the center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct
Synonyms: focus
Decorus
Adjective
well behaved, dignified, socially proper
Synonyms: seemingly becoming, tasteful
Antonyms: unseemly, unbecoming, improper, tasteless
Deign
verb
to do something that one considers to be beneath one's own dignity; to condescend
Synonyms: deem, stoop
Desiccated
Adjective
thoroughly dried out; divested of spirit or vitality; arid and uninteresting
Synonyms: dehydrated, shriveled, parched
Antonyms: soggy, sodom,
Efficacy
noun
the power to produce a desired result
Synonyms: effectiveness, potency, reliability
Antonyms: ineffectiveness, impotence
Engender
verb
to bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence; assume from
Synonyms: beget, generate, cause,
Antonyms: stop, deter
Ethereal
Adjective
light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly
Synonyms: heavenly, celestial, gossamer,
Antonyms: infernal, mundane, hellish
Façade
noun
the front face of a building; a surface appearance
Synonyms: exterior, surface, mask, pretense
Antonyms: interior
Ghoulish
Adjective
revolting; suggestive of someone who robs graves or otherwise preys on dead
Synonyms: fiendish, barbarous, monstrous
Incongruous
Adjective
not in keeping unsuitable, incompatible
Synonyms: discordant, jarring,
Antonyms: compatible, harmonious, consistent
Machination
noun
a crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some end
Synonyms: plot, scheme, maneuver
Mesmerize
verb
to hypnotise, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch
Opprobrium
noun
disgraceful arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach
Synonyms: infamy, dishonor, odium, shame
Antonyms: acclaim, honor, glory, renown
Putative
Adjective
generally regarded as such; reputed; hypothesized, inferred
Synonyms: supposed, presumed
Antonyms: known, corroborated, unformed
Beatific
Adjective
blissful; rendering or making blessed
Synonyms: rapturous, ecstatic, transcendent
Antonyms: disconsolate, dejected, doleful
Behemoth
noun
a creature of enormous size, power, or appearance
Synonyms: mammoth, whale, elephant, colossus
Antonyms: dwarf, pigmy, midget
Blandishment
noun
anything designed to flatter or coax; sweet talk,
Synonyms: allurement, enticement, cajolery
Antonyms: threat; intimidation
Cacophonous
Adjective
harsh-sounding, raucous, discordant, dissonant
Antonyms: harmonious, melodious, mellifluous
Chicanery
noun
trickery, deceptive practices or tactics, double-dealing
Antonyms: fair dealing
Consign
verb
to give over to another's care, charge, or control; to entrust, deliver; to set part for a special use
Synonyms: transfer, remit, convey`
Coup
noun
a highly successful stroke; masterstroke, tour de force, act, plan, or stratagem; a sudden takeover of power or leadership
Antonyms: blunder, faux pas, gaffe,
Euphemism
noun
a mild or offensive expression used in place of a harsh or unpleasant one; a substitute
Febrile
Adjective
feverish; pertaining to or marked by fever; frenetic
Antonyms: leisurely, fixed
Gainsay
verb
to deny, contradict, controvert; to dispute, oppose
Antonyms: confirm, corroborate, support, admit
Imminent
Adjective
about to happen, threatening
Synonyms: impending, looming,
Antonyms: distant, remote, faraway
Innate
Adjective
natural, inborn, inherent; built-in
Synonyms: intrinsic, congenial
Antonyms: learned, acquired
Loath
unwilling, reluctant, disinclined
Synonyms: averse, indisposed
Antonyms: Willing, eager, inclined
Manifest
Adjective, noun, & verb
Adjective: clear, evident to the eyes or mind
Verb: to show plainly, exhibit, evince,
Noun: a list of cargo/passengers
Synonyms: apparent, reveal, disclose
Minutiae
noun, plural
small or trivial details, trifling matters
Synonyms: trivia, trifles
Antonyms: essential
Moratorium
noun
a suspension of activity; an official waiting period; an authorized period of delay
Synonyms: postponement, stoppage
Antonyms: acceleration, escalation
Nostrum
noun
an alleged cure-all; a remedy or scheme of questionable effectiveness
Synonyms: panacea, elixir
Pariah
noun
one who is rejected by a social group or organization
Synonyms: outcast, untouchable, persona non grata
Visionary
Adjective, noun
Adjective: not practical, lacking in realism; having the nature of fantasy or dream
Noun: one given to far-fetched ideas; a dreamer or seer characterized by vision or foresight
Synonyms: utopian, idealistic, impractical
Antonyms: realistic,
Wizened
Adjective
dry, shrunken, & wrinkled as a result of aging
Synonyms: withered, shriveled,
Antonyms: bloated, distended
Amenity
noun; pleasant
agreeable; attractive features or customs
Antonyms: unpleasantness
Aperture
noun; an opening gap
orifice
Antonyms: closure, blockage
Dissidence
noun; disagreement, dissent
a difference of opinion, discontent
Synonyms: disaffection
Antonyms: agreement, harmony, concord
Epicurean
Adjective, noun; hedonistic, discriminating
devoted to the pursuit of pleasure; fond of good food
Improvident
Adjective; not thrifty, prodigal, extravagant
failing to plan ahead
Antonyms: thrifty, frugal, economical
Iniquity
noun; evil, crime
wickedness, a sin— a grossly immoral act
Antonyms: probity, rectitude
Inviolable
Adjective; sacrosanct, unassailable:unable to be attacked or questioned
sacred, of such a character that it must not be broken
Mutable
Adjective; changeable, variable,
open to or capable of being changed; fickle
Antonyms: changeless, steadfast, constant
Nascent
Adjective; budding, incipient, embryonic,
just beginning to exist or develop; having just come into existence
Antonyms: dying, moribund
Obeisance
noun; respect, honor
a deep bow or other body movement to signify respect or submission; deference, homage
Antonyms: disrespect, irreverence, disregard
Panegyric
noun; tribute, testimonial, encomium
a formal or elaborate praise
Antonyms: diatribe, tirade
Pillory
noun; scaffold
a device for public shaming/punishing ; a means for exposing one to public contempt
Pittance
noun; modicum, a trifle
small portion
Antonyms: fortune
Presage
verb, noun; foreshadow, portend,
to predict; an indication of the future
Progeny
noun; issue, posterity
descendants, offspring
Promulgate
verb; annouce
to proclaim or issue officially; to make known far and away
Antonyms: withdraw, retract, abrogate
Rectitude
noun; righteousness, probity, integrity
correctness, and uprightness
Restive
Adjective; uneasy, fidgety, recalcitrant
restless, hard to manage
Seraphic
Adjective; cherubic
angelic, heavenly, celestial
Subsist
verb; last, survive, sustain
to have existence; to remain alive; to persist or continue