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37 terms

Greek Mythology Study Guide

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Zeus
god of the heavens and earth, ruler of all gods and goddesses.
Hera
goddes of marriage & married women
Poseidon
god of the sea & earthquakes
Hades
god of thunder
Hestia
goddes of hearth & home
Demeter
goddes of all growing things; with her daughter
Ares
god of war, hatred, and violence
Hermes
god of trade, travel, and theft
Gaea and Uranus had 2 typed of children. What were they called?
monsters & titans
Which of Gaea and Uranus's children became king and queen?
Cronus, Rhea
What did Cronus do to his children when Rhea presented them?
ate them
Which child did Rhea hide from Cronus?
Zeus
Why did Zeus punish Prometheus?
he stole fire from Mt. Olympus to give to humans
What two gifts did Zeus give Epimetheus?
a beautiful maiden and a jar
What happened when Pandora opened the jar?
evil came into the world & hope
What characteristic did Pandora lack?
self control, obediance, and self dicipline
What two things in nature are explained in this myth?
Narcissus flowers & echo's
What characteristic did Narcissus exhibit?
self centeredness
What characteristic did Zeus want all mortals to exhibit?
generousity
What did Baucis and Philemon do when Zeus and Hermes knocked on their door?
took them in & fed them
What did the gods award Baucis and Philemon with?
granted them their deepest wishes
What 2 things did the old couple ask for?
servants in the new temple & to die together
What happened when the old couple died?
their bodies grew into an inter-twined oak and linden tree
What did King Minos hire Daedalus to do?
to build a maze to prison the minatar
How did the father and son escape from prison?
built wings
What happened to Icarus's wings that caused him to drown?
he flew to high and his wings wax melted and fell apart
Why did Acrisius imprison Danae?
he was told that daughters son would kill him
What monster was Perseus sent to kill?
the medusa
How was the oracles prophecy fulfilled?
Perseus threw a disc and it killed King Acrisius
What qualities of a perfect woman did Pygmalion tell his statue about?
kind speech, gentle work, love
Why was it appropriate that Pygmalion prayed to Aphrodite for the wife of his dreams?
because she is the god of love & beauty
Minotaur
1/2 man 1/2 bull
Medusa
snake haired creature that if anyone looked at her they would turn to stone
Sphinx
head, shoulder & chest of a woman, body & claws of a lion, 1/2 lion 1/2 mountain goat with a snakes tail
Hydra
multi-headed reptile
Scylla
head & torso of a woman, fins & tail of a fish
Charybdis
gigantic whirlpool