Unit 1- 8th grade U.S. History
Terms in this set (34)
Magna Carta (1215)
The first document to limit the powers of the king - signed in 1215.
It determined that citizens could not be deprived of life, liberty or property without a lawful judgment of their peers or by law of the land.
Represented by the fifth amendment.
a supreme ruler, especially a monarch.
Divine Right of Kings
the belief that the authority of kings comes directly from God
Rights that cannot be taken away-life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
right to life (philosopher)
natural rights: life, liberty, property (Philosopher)
right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (wrote the Declaration of Independence)
Equality before the law
all people should follow the same laws (they should even have the same punishment regardless of money, power, or status).
State of Nature (Hobbes)
"State of War"
Men are essentially all equal
separation of church and state
-the division between religion and government
-Constitutional principle found in the 1st Amendment which prevents our government from setting up an official church, from providing support for religious institutions, or from requiring church membership to vote.
A government ruled by a king or queen
Church of England
Protestant church led by the king of England, independent of Catholic Church
Established in 1587. Called the Lost Colony. It was financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, and its leader in the New World was John White. All the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them.
The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia
Colony settled by the Pilgrims. It eventually merged with Massachusetts Bay colony.
This colony got a charter, or right to organize a settlement in 1606. Jamestown was the first town in this new colony.
This colony was named after Queen Elizabeth, "the Virgin Queen."
Colony founded by the Puritans
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Colony originally founded as a haven for Roman Catholics. This was named after Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I of England.
English Bill of Rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
Britain's law-making assembly
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Group of English Protestant dissenters who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts in 1620 to seek religious freedom
King James II
Was the king that granted charters to the Puritans and the Pilgrims.
Puritan governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Speaker of "City upon a hill"
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and attacks.
William of Orange
King of England, Scotland and Ireland, he married the daughter of James II and was invited by opponents of James II to invade England; when James fled, William III and Mary II were declared joint monarchs (1650-1702)
Ruled jointly with her husband, William III, after Glorious (Or Bloodless)Revolution.
Native American (Indigenous person) who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag.
daughter of Powhatan chief whose marriage to colonist John Rolfe eased tensions between the Powhatan and the colonists
created the state of Rhode Island and promoted separation of church & state and freedom of religion. Williams influenced ideals of the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
He mistakenly discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a faster route to India.
Study the following for the test:
1. All 13 colonies
2. The voyage and significance of the Mayflower
3. Difference between Puritan and Pilgrim
4. Glorious Revolution
5. Divine Right of Kings transition to the English Bill of Rights
An exchange of goods, ideas and skills from the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) to the New World (North and South America) and vice versa.
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Origins of Democracy