He was the democratic presidential candidate for the 1884 election. His republican opponent, James G. Blaine, was involved in several questionable deals, but Cleveland had an illegitimate child. There was new lows reached with the mudslinging in the election but Cleveland won, becoming the first democratic president since Buchanan. He took few initiatives, but he was effective in dealing with excessive military pensions. He placated both North and South by appointing some former Confederates to office, but sticking mostly with Northerners. Cleveland also forced Congress to discuss lowering the tariff, although the issue could not be resolved before he was defeated by Benjamin Harrison in the 1888 election. He then became the 24th president of the United States one of the only men to be reelected in office. He was actually very honest.