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Mental Health and the History of Psychology
Terms in this set (20)
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the natural world.
observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
individuals whose sexual orientation is lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered, or who are currently questioning their sexual orientation
a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.
(n.) an institution for the care of children, elderly people, etc.; a place of safety, used for individuals with mental health differences in the early 20th century
a psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain
Electric convulsive shock therapy (ECT)
Induce epileptic seizures with electric shock, used as a mental health treatment when other methods do not work
Austrian neurologist known for his work on the unconscious mind. Father of psychoanalysis.
in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
Defense mechanism by which anxiety-provoking thoughts and feelings are forced to the unconscious.
A reversion to immature patterns of behavior to avoid anxiety
reaction formation (defense mechanism)
- Preventing unacceptable thoughts or behaviors from being expressed by exaggerating opposite thoughts or types of behaviors.
EX: Jane hates nursing. She attended nursing school to please her parents. During career day, she speaks to prospective students about the excellence of nursing as a career.
sublimation (defense mechanism)
- Rechanneling of drives or impulses that are personally or socially unacceptable into activities that are constructive.
EX: Mom of son killed by drunk driver, president of MADD.
psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
the scientific study of mental disorders and their treatment
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
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