Cosmetology- Chapter 15 (skin)
C.T.E Cosmetology VT
Terms in this set (162)
Skin's ability to permit substances like water and oxygen to pass through its tissues.
A layer of oil and sweat found in the sebaceous glands ; keeps the skin smooth, prevents dirt and grime from entering the outer layer of the epidermis and also prevents the skin from drying or chapping; protects the cuticle or outer covering of the hair fiber and maintains the acid balance of hair and skin.
Chronic inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands; occurs most often on the face, back and chest.
A term used to identify conditions that are brief and severe.
Congenital failure of the skin to produce melanin pigment.
Sensitivity that may develop from contact with normally harmless substances; symptoms of an allergy may include itching, redness, swelling and/or blisters.
Color scheme using three colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel.
Lack of perspiration caused by fever or disease; requires medical attention.
Liquid or foam-based products used to reduce bacteria viruses and fungus on skin.
Eyelashes made from human hair or synthetic material applied to one's own lashes or in place of them for enhancement.
Condition of dry, scaly skin with reduced sebum production.
One-celled microorganisms; sometimes called germs or microbes.
Makeup that adds color or contour to the cheeks.
A foul-smelling perspiration; also called osmidrosis.
Makeup used to fill in or correct the shape of eyebrow.
Lesion like a vesicle, but larger; found above and below the skin; contains a clear, watery fluid.
Sometimes called hyperkeratosis or keratoma; thickening of the epidermis, which occurs from pressure and friction applied to the skin.
Clusters of furuncles caused by an acute bacterial infection of several adjoining hair follicles.
Method of hair removal in the form of a cream, paste or powder; the main ingredient is a thioglycolic acid derivative, with an alkaline pH, that chemically softens and degrades the protein structure of the hair.
An arrangement of light and dark; lighter colors stand out and darker colors recede.
Group of brownish macules (nonelevated spots) occurring in one place on the skin; commonly called liver spots; often occurs on the hands and face.
Condition that is frequent and habitual.
Skin care product used to remove dirt, makeup and impurities.
A tool in which the twelve colors (three primary, three secondary and six tertiary) are positioned in a circle, allowing any mixed color to be described in relation to the primary colors.
Recognized by the shiny "T" zone (forehead, nose and chin) and the presence at the same time of a noticeable dryness in the cheek, jawline and hairline areas; blackheads and enlarged pores are often evident on the nose and chin.
Also called blackheads; masses of sebum (oil) trapped in the hair follicles.
Contagious infection that can be transmitted from one person to another, usually through touch or through the air.
Color schemes across from each other on the color wheel; used to achieve the greatest amount of contrast; often used to enhance eye color.
Makeup used to eliminate discolorations on the skin and reduce the appearance of blemishes.
Occurring at or before birth.
Communicable by contact; also known as an infectious or communicable disease.
Violet, blue and green ranges; these colors produce a calming effect by lowering the blood pressure and pulse rate and, in a sense, provide a "cooling off" effect.
Dried masses that are the remains of an oozing sore; the scab on a sore is an example of a crust.
Chemical substances that dissolve the hair at skin level; cream, paste or powder form.
Inflammatory disorder of the skin.
Allergic reaction to certain cosmetics or chemicals; sometimes referred to as contact dermatitis
Study of the skin, its structure, functions, diseases and treatment.
Underlying, or inner layer of the skin; also called derma, corium, cutis or true skin; made up of connective tissues; the sweat (sudoriferous) glands, oil (sebaceous) glands, sensory nerve endings and receptors, blood vessels, arrector pili muscles and a major portion of each hair follicle are found in the dermis.
Diamond facial shape
The diamond face is elongated and angular; its widest area is at the cheekbones, while the forehead and chin are narrow.
Sickness; illness; unhealthy condition.
Characterized by signs such as peeling and flaking; chaps easily and has a general, all-over taut feeling; has fewer blemishes and is not prone to acne.
Canal-like structures that deposit their contents on the surface of the skin; part of the endocrine system.
Canal-like structures that secrete hormones into the blood stream; part of the endocrine system.
Characterized by dry or moist lesions with inflammation of the skin; requires medical attention.
Light, gliding massage strokes or circular manipulations made with the palms of the hands or pads of the fingertips; often used to begin and/or end a treatment; often used on the face, neck and arms because of its gentleness.
Permanent method of hair removal that uses electric current to damage the cells of the papilla and disrupt hair growth; usually performed by a licensed professional called an electrologist.
Outermost layer of the skin; also referred to as cuticle or scarf skin.
Cause of a disease, disorder or condition.
Mechanical abrasions or injuries to the epidermis; eg, scratches to the surface of the skin.
The skin's ability to eliminate sweat, salt and wastes from the body, therefore helping to remove toxins from the internal systems.
Makeup used to accentuate and define the shape of the eye.
Makeup used to accentuate the shape and color of the eye; also contours.
Process of applying individual synthetic lashes to the client's own lashes.
Analysis, cleansing, exfoliation, massage and treatment of the face.
Solutions applied to the skin to hydrate, tighten pores or reduce excess oil; include clay packs, cream masks and paraffin (warm wax)
Makeup product primarily designed to "set" other makeup products so that they last longer without fading, streaking or rubbing off.
Machine that sprays warm, humid mist on skin to open follicles for cleansing.
Cracks in the skin; eg, chapped lips.
Cluster of cells in the upper layer of the skin; the cell cluster pulls the upper layer down with it, creating a tubelike pocket called the root sheath, out of which the hair will grow.
Makeup used to create an even skin tone and uniform surface.
Commonly found on the face, neck and chest and are considered macules.
Circular or wringing movement with no gliding used on the scalp or with a facial when less pressure is desired; applied with the fingertips or palms; a way in which the hair cuticle can be damaged by combing and brushing.
Boils; appear in the dermis and the epidermis and are caused by an acute bacterial infection.
Multiple needle method of permanent hair removal.
Designed for a wide variety of purposes; may contain botanicals and ingredients that are designed to calm and soothe sensitive skin.
Organs in the body by which certain substances are separated from the blood and changed into some secretion for use in the body, such as oil (sebaceous gland).
Heart facial shape
The heart-shaped (triangle) face is long; the heart face shape is angular and the chin area is sometimes elongated and pointed, while the forehead is wide.
Also known as fever blister; a contagious, chronic condition characterized by a single vesicle or group of vesicles on a red, swollen base; usually appears on the lips, nostrils or other parts of the face.
High frequency machine
A machine that creates current that is thermal, or heat producing, and germicidal for treatment of the skin.
Hypertrichosis; superfluous hair; abnormal coverage of hair on areas of the body where normally only lanugo hair appears.
Ability to keep the skin soft, supple and maintain moisture through water.
Overproduction of perspiration caused by excessive heat or general body weakness; requires medical attention.
Hirsuties or superfluous hair; abnormal coverage of hair on areas of the body where normally only lanugo hair appears.
New growths; overgrowths; excesses of skin.
Highly contagious bacterial infection that produces a honey-yellow, crusted lesion, usually on the face.
An objective symptom characterized by redness, pain, swelling and/or increased temperature.
A lamp that provides a soothing heat that penetrates into the tissues of the body; softens the skin to allow penetration of product and increased blood flow.
Law of color
Out of all the colors in the universe, only three - yellow, red and blue, called primary colors - are pure.
Appears larger and darker than a freckle; an example of a macule.
Describes hypopigmentation (lack of pigmentation) of the skin caused by a decrease in activity of melanocytes.
Makeup used to add color to lips; imparts a shiny appearance to the lips; generally has less concentration of color than lipstick; has moisturizing properties.
Makeup used to define natural shape of the lips or correct the shape.
Makeup used to add color and texture to the lips.
Discoloration appearing on the skin's surface; a freckle is an example of a macule.
Provides thorough examination of skin's surface using magnification and glare-free light.
Application of products that add color, highlights, contours and other enhancements to the face.
Makeup used to define, lengthen, and thicken the eyelashes
A scientific method of manipulating the body by rubbing, pinching, tapping, kneading or stroking with the hands, fingers or an instrument.
Pigment that gives skin and hair their color.
Cells that exist among the dividing cells within the hair bulb.
Any hyperpigmentation caused by overactivity of the melanocytes in the epidermis.
Bundles of pigment protein complex that rest near the hair bulb's nourishment center, the dermal papilla.
Also called whiteheads caused by the accumulation of hardened sebum beneath the skin.
Prickly heat; an acute eruption of small red vesicles with burning and itching of the skin caused by excessive heat.
Masks that are mixed with water and applied in a thick consistency to the face; these masks dry and harden to a rubber-like consistency, then can be pulled from the face in one piece; these masks seal the skin, locking in moisture and creating a firm, taut feeling.
Skin care product used to replenish moisture/oil and protect skin.
Small brown pigmented spots that may be raised; hair often grows through moles, but should not be removed, unless advised by a physician.
Color scheme using the same color (with variations in value and intensity).
MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets)
An information sheet designed to provide the key data on a specific product regarding ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels, and storage requirements.
Naevus or nevus
Birthmark or a congenital mole; reddish purple flat mark; caused by dilation of the small blood vessels in the skin.
Characterized by a fresh and healthy color, a firm, moist and smooth texture, freedom from blackheads and blemishes, and does not appear oily.
Signs of a disorder or disease that are visible; eg, pimples or inflammation.
Oblong facial shape
The oblong (rectangle) face is long, narrow and angular. The jawline is wide and almost horizontal; the hairline on the oblong face is only slightly curved.
Condition that has an all-over shiny look and/or rough texture with blackheads and enlarged pores.
Oval facial shape
The oval face is rounded, long and narrow rather than wide and short.
Filled with capillaries (small blood vessels) that supply nourishment to the cells around it, called germinal matrix cells.
Hardened red elevations of the skin in which no fluid is present; a pimple is an example of a papule.
The study of a disease.
Pear facial shape
The pear-shaped (trapezoid) face is most often elongated, with a forehead that is narrow and a jaw that is the widest area of the face.
Light or heavy kneading and rolling of the muscles; performed by kneading muscles between the thumb and fingers or by pressing the palm of the hand firmly over the muscles, then grasping and squeezing with the heel of the hand and fingers; generally performed from the front of the head to the back; used on the face, arms, shoulders and upper back.
The skin's ability to shield the body from the direct impact of heat, cold, bacteria and other aspects of the environment that could be detrimental to one's health.
Round, dry patches of skin, covered with rough, silvery scales; condition is chronic and not contagious.
Small elevations of skin similar to vesicles in size and shape, but containing pus; a pimple with pus is an example of a pustule.
Skin's ability to help maintain the body's temperature.
Chronic inflammatory congestion of the cheeks and nose, observed as redness, with papules and sometimes pustules present; also called acne rosacea.
Round facial shape
The round face has a low, round hairline and a short chin with a very rounded jawline; it appears to be rather short and wide rather than long and narrow.
Shedding, dead cells of the uppermost layer of the epidermis.
Formations resulting from a lesion, which extend into the dermis or deeper, as part of the normal healing process; keloids are thick scars.
Disease influenced by the weather.
Oil glands; partially controlled by the nervous system; sac-like glands that are attached to hair follicles; result in oily skin when an overabundance of sebum is produced by the glands
Condition caused by excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands.
Feeling generated by the nerve ending just under the outer layer of the skin that makes you aware of heat, cold, touch, pain and pressure; the reaction to a sensation is called a reflex.
Hair removal method using an electric shaver, clippers or razor.
The largest organ of the body, covers nearly 20 square feet of the body surface and protects it from invasion from outside particles.
Small elevated growths of skin.
Implement used to remove product from container.
Sun protection factor; rating system for sunscreen to determine how long one can stay out in the sun without burning.
Cells with a flat, scale-like appearance; found in the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet (stratum lucidum).
Square facial shape
The square face is short and wide; it looks very angular with a lot of straight lines; the front hairline and jawline is almost horizontal while the cheekbones protrude very little on the sides.
Sebaceous cyst or wen; a subcutaneous tumor of the sebaceous gland, filled with sebum.
Uppermost layer of the epidermis; the toughest layer, composed of keratin protein cells that are continually shed and continually replaced by new cells from below.
Lowest level of the epidermis where mitosis or cell division takes place; begins with the stratum basale, or basal cell layer, which is a single layer thick.
Layer of the epidermis below the stratum lucidum and above the stratum spinosum; in this layer the cells become more regularly shaped and look like many tiny granules.
Layer of the epidermis just below the stratum corneum; it is the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, where there are no hair follicles.
Layer of the epidermis just above the stratum germinativum; sometimes considered part of the stratum germinativum; includes cells that have absorbed melanin to distribute pigmentation to other cells.
Subcutaneous layer (tissue)
Fatty layer below the dermis of the skin; protective cushion for the skin; acts as a shock absorber to protect the bones and to help support the delicate structures such as blood vessels and nerve endings.
Sign of a disorder or disease that is felt but not necessarily visible; for example, itching, burning.
Controlled by the nervous system of the body; each gland consists of a coiled base and tube-like duct opening on the surface of the skin to form sweat pore; control and regulate body temperatures; excrete waste products; help to maintain the acidic pH factor of the skin.
Hair removal technique that uses a paste made primarily of sugar applied to the skin in a rolling motion.
The hair of the eyebrows.
Oily residue of the skin on the chin, nose, nasal labial groove and forehead.
Also called percussion or hacking; light tapping or slapping movement applied with the fingers or partly flexed fingers; used on the arms, back and shoulders.
High frequency/short wave method of permanent hair removal.
An ancient method of hair removal that utilizes 100% cotton thread that is twisted and rolled along the surface of the skin.
Identifies the warmth or coolness of a color.
In skin care, a product used to purify the skin and restore pH.
Color scheme using three colors located in a triangular position on the color wheel.
Large papule; hardened red elevation of the skin with no fluid present.
Solid masses in the skin; may be soft or hard; may be fixed or freely movable; generally have a rounded shape; a nodule is a small tumor.
Small metal implements used to remove hair; implement used to manage detail work such as nail art.
Hair removal method that uses tweezers; process commonly used to remove unwanted hair from smaller areas, such as eyebrows, chin or around the mouth.
Open lesions visible on the skin surface that may result in the loss of portions of the dermis and may be accompanied by pus.
Creates mild suction; increases circulation to the surface.
Name given to a variety of warts.
Fluid-filled elevations in the skin caused by localized accumulation of fluids or blood just below the epidermis.
Shaking movement; your arms shake as you touch the client with your fingertips or palms.
Characterized by oval or irregular patches of white skin that do not have normal pigment.
Orange, red and yellow range of the color wheel; warm tones.
Skin growth caused by a virus; can be contagious and can spread all over the body.
Temporary hair removal method of applying hot or cold wax to skin, allowing the wax to adhere to the skin and finally pulling off the wax/hair.
A solid formation above the skin, often caused by an insect bite or allergic reaction; hives, also called Urticaria (ur-ti-KAR-e-uh), are an example of wheal lesions.
Lamp with ultraviolet light used for analysis of the skin surface and deeper layers to aid in determining skin treatment.