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Geology Rock and Mineral Formation
Terms in this set (18)
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.
Process by which weathered rock and soil are moved from one place to another.
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
A break in the earth's crust
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition
a solid in which the atoms or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern that is repeated over and over again
the color of a minerals powder
The way a mineral reflects light
a mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular way
the size, shape and pattern of a rock's grains
the material that forms Earth's hard surface
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below the surface
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together
a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another
Igneous rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface.
Igneous rock that forms from lava on Earth's surface