31 terms

Buddhism in Vietnam

STUDY
PLAY
Giao-Chau
cradle of the present Vietnam
sutras
discourses
First Mission for Buddhism in Vietnam
led by Vinitaruci
second mission for buddhism in vietnam
led by Vo-Ngon-Thong, who founded another separate Zen sect
Vinitaruci
Indian who is the first Patriarch of the Zen sect in Vietnam
Dinh Dynasty
dynasty where Buddhism prospers as the national religion
Le Dynasty
dynasty that continued to favor the Sangha; for the first time, a Vietnamese embassy was sent to China in order to bring back a complete collection of the Tripitaka
Ly Dynasty
To the history of Vietnamese Buddhism, this leader has left the memory of one of the greatest spiritual figures. Under his rule the progress of Buddhism was assured; the prestige of numerous Zen masters, adding particular brilliance to the teaching and practice of the Dharma.
satori
insight
guru
teacher
most notable event marking the expansion of Buddhism during Ly Dynasty
the construction on the orders of the Emperor of 95 temples, the restoration of all images of the Buddha and another fiscal amnesty, and the construction of the Diên-Hựu temple.This temple was inspired by a dream, in which the Emperor saw himself led to the Lotus Palace by the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, and it explains why he had it built in the unusual form of one column in the midst of an artificial lake. This historic monument was one of the most famous in Hanoi.
Ly-Thanh-Ton
living image of Buddhist compassion, reign marked by distribution of food and clothing and the remission of many prison sentences
Tran Dynasty
During the first seventy years of the Trần dynasty, the expansion of Buddhism slowed down, though it maintained its importance despite the advances made by Confucianism.
What happened when Vietnam regained independence in 1428?
repressive measures were introduced, which interfered with the monks and prohibited the construction of new temples. Buddhism retained its support among the people as a whole but it lost its original purity and degenerated into a mixture of different ideas or syncretism. The Nguyễn restored national unity but Buddhism became in their hands an instrument for consolidating political power.
French Rule of Vietnam
Buddhism was actively menaced by Roman Catholicism and was subject to many repressive measures. Serious monks preferred to live a solitary life.
Modern Buddhism in Vietnam
Starting in 1920, after the manner of similar events in Nationalist China, a new movement was launched simultaneously in the three main regions of Vietnam: North, Centre and South. The movement aimed at a regeneration of Buddhism and even serious obstacles were not able to stop it.
First Buddhist Congress in Vietnam
held at Hue, 50 monks and laymen. . Important resolutions were passed, concerning the unification of the three Associations, the reorganization in depth of the Sangha, the standardization of ceremonies, Buddhist instruction for adults, and the formation of Buddhist youth movements.
Second World Buddhist Congress
held at Tokyo in September 1952, gave to Vietnamese Buddhism, now unified, an opportunity to show its vigor.
Truc Lam's Zen Monastery in Vietnam
one of the largest Zen meditation study centers in Vietnam
Thich Thanh Tu
renowned teacher in mediation whose teachings the Zen center is under
Hoa Hoa
a lay-based, militant, form of Buddhist Protestantism
Cao Dai
Vietnamese attempt to combine the world's great religions, which emphasizes prophecy and ritual
Vietnamese Sangha
most go to university and hold jobs. great equality between monks and nuns
Thay
"teacher" what monks are addressed as in Vietnam
Su Co
"Sister" what nuns are addressed as in Vietnam
Thich
all sangha take this name to signify that they have left their worldly family
Mo Phat
"praise Buddha"
Vesak
Buddha's Birthday
Vulan
(Ullambana)
more theravada buddhists
south
more mahayana buddhists
north
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