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Diseases MSS 1
Terms in this set (26)
Rotator cuff tears usually involve a tear in the ______ which extends to other tendons. Tennis athletes and carpenters get it because they involve in excessive _____ limb movements.
During a clavicular fracture which takes part in middle 1/3 of clavicle, the weight of the _____ pulls the lateral fragment down whereas the _______ muslce pulls the medial fragment up.
Damage to long thoracic nerve or serratus anterior causes the formation of ______ scapula. The patient has trouble ______ medial scapula and raising hand above his head.
In a _____ humeral fracture, there is a high risk of damage to the brachial artery. In this fracture humerus is anterior due to the pull of brachialis. Tricep pulls distal fragment posterior.
Tennis elbow or the inflammation of the common extensor tendon is called? The cure is rest and patients feel pain when opening doors, lifting glass or shaking hands
Golfer's elbow which results from repetitive powerful gripping is also called _____ _____. It is caused by the inflammation of the common flexor tendon. The cure is rest and patients feel pain when opening doors, lifting glass or shaking hands
Tommy John surgery needs to be done because a lot of pressure falls on a specific ligament when throwing a baseball. This replaces the ligament with palmaris longus. The name for this ligament is?
Trigger finger is when your inflamed flexor tendon gets stuck under the fibrous sheath. So the digit becomes locked in flexion position. Usually happens with index finger. Surgical release is a good treatment. The clinical name for trigger finger is
Gamer's thumb is when the synovial sheaths of the 1st extensor compartment. Limited function of abductor and extensor pollicis. Surgical release is a treatment.
de quervain's tenosynovitis
Permanent shortening of palmar aponeurosis affecting 4th and 5th digit. This is?
This is usually injured in defensive wounds from sharp force trauma
Long thoracic nerve is surrounded by axillary _____ ____. They can be easily damaged when surgery is done to remove these. This will cause winged scapula.
Radial nerve lesion at the axilla causes loss of all _____ in arm, forearm and hand.
Radial nerve lesion due to humeral midshaft fractures cause loss of extension in the forearm and hand while the ____ is unaffected.
Radial nerve lesion due to wearing a watch too tight causes dorsal sensory loss in wrist. Motor remains unaffected.
This is a syndrome where the median nerve gets stuck between the ulnar and radial head of the pronator teres thus causing weakened motor function.
pronator teres syndrome
Median nerve damage at the _____ causes Hand of Benediction. This is when you cannot flex digits 1, 2 and 3.
Kiloh Nevin syndrome or ____ ____ ____ syndrome is caused by a loss of flexion of the distal phalanges of the digits 1, 2, 3. So you cannot make the OK sign.
anterior interosseous nerve
This syndrome is caused by the inflammation of flexor tendons in the carpal tunnel which causes pressure on median nerve. Involves thenar wasting.
Carpal tunnel syndrome can be checked by two tests. These are:
Cubital tunnel syndrome is caused when there is a pressure on the _____ nerve from the flexor muscles of the forearm. A treatment is to surgically reposition the nerve out of the ulnar groove
This happens when ulnar nerve is damaged at the elbow. Claw hands form and the last two digits are flexed at the PIP joint. _____ policis is also damaged.
Pressure on ulnar nerve due to pressure on _____ canal.
This palsy is caused by injury to upper trunk of brachial plexis. It causes waiters tip hand. The arm is adducted and medially rotated. The wrists are flexed.
This palsy is caused by injury to lower trunk of the brachioplexis. It causes all fingers to be clawed due to loss of all intrinsic muscles.
screws used to repair clavicular fractures can damage the ______ artery
Radial, ulnar or humeral fractures can cause _____ syndrome where the muscles swell but fascia prevent swelling. So the arteries underneath feel pressure. Prolonged compartment syndrome can cause ____ ___ ____ where the anterior and posterior muscles shorten permanently.
compartment, Volkman's ischemic contracture
Scaphoid fracture can cause pain in the anatomical _____ during palpation
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