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UTC Applied A&P Exam 1
Terms in this set (49)
In the anatomical position, the subject is...
standing upright facing the observe with the palms facing up.
a plan that divides the body into unequal left and right portions
the sternum (breastbone) is ..... to the heart
anterior to the heart
the organ system that regulates the body's activities?
the anatomical term which best describes a structure close to the head is?
the anatomical position, ring finger?
is lateral to the little finger
failure of the body to maintain homeostasis...
cause illness and possibly death
all of the following are functions of the cardiovascular system expect?
red blood cell production
the smallest living unit within an organism
2 or more atoms combine together to form
the anatomical term used to describe the region of the neck
the life processes by which a hemocytoblast... red blood cells
the body is under the control of what
none the above
body mass is the intersection of what planes
midanteroposterior, midhorizontal, midfrontal
correct order of negative feedback
stimulus, receptor, control center, effector, response
all of the following are not functions of the skeletal system
which is not a characteristic of yellow bone marrow
produces red blood cells
the shaft of a long bone is called the
where bone lengthening occurs in a long bone is called the
which of the following describes endosteum
lines the medullary cavity
develop in the osteoblast
two of the above (destroy bone matrix and former from lysosomes
the bone cells primarily responsible for bone reabsorption are
hormones responsible for maintaining homeostasis
parathyroid hormone and calcitonin
the mechanical stress applied to bones during moderate physical activity
increased strength of the bone
hormones play a role in bone growth, except
none: all the above
spinal nerves leave the vertebral column through
articulate with ribs
pectoral girdle consists of
clavicle and scapula
the long bones that makeup the appendages of a human are initially formed
which is not part of the axial skeleton
none all of the above (facial skull bones, vertebrae, ribs, cranial skull bones)
which statement is true concerning fractures:
complete fracture means the bone is broken into 2 pieces
a thin layer of hyaline cartilage covering the region of the epiphysis
nutrients and oxygen reach the seemingly isolate osteocytes
in adults the medullary cavity contain exclusively red blood cells
osteoblasts are amateur bone cells
bone formation is called ossification
presence of diaphysis...
bone continuously remodels itself throughout adult life
early life, osteoblasts work faster than osetoclasts so bone is building up. later life, osteoclast work faster than osteoblast.
all of the following are structural classification go joints except
freely moveable joints are classified as
a fluid filled cavity found between articulating bones is a distinguishing characteristic
whwhic of the following are types of synovial joints
all (plane, hinge, condyloid, saddle joints)
the shoulder joint is an example of
the lateral movement of the arms away from the body is alled
an extension beyond the anatomical position
an interossesous membrane joint is found between
radius and ulna
all of the following affect the types and extent of joint movement EXCEPT
the amount of hyaluronic acid secreted in to the joint cavity
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