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4- level analysis

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what are the 8 parts of speech?
noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, conjunction, interjection, preposition
what are the 5 parts of a sentence?
subject, predicate, subject compliment, direct object, indirect object
what are the 3 types of phrases?
verbal, prepositional, appositive
verbal that looks like -ing verbs but acts as a noun
gerund
verbal that looks like -ing, -ed, or -en verbs but act like adjectives
participle
verbal that looks like the to-form of verbs but act like nouns or modifiers (adj, n, adv)
infinitive
type of dependent clause that has NO commas and is essential to the meaning of the sentence. the word "THAT" often indicates it
essential adj clause
type of dependent clause that has commas and is unnecessary to the meaning of the sentence. the word "WHICH" often indicates it
nonessential adj clause
what are the 4 sentence structures?
simple, compound, complex, compound-complex
what is a clause?
a group of words that contains a subject and its predicate