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Chapter 20: The Medieval Period of Malankara
Terms in this set (13)
• 9th & 10th Century
Syrian Church prospered while the Nestorian Church (Persia) weakened.
• 13th Century
Jacobite Syrian Church weakened because of various Muslim invasions
• 16th Century
: Nestorian era in which Nestorian Bishops came to Malankara disguised as Jacobite Bishops
o Even then the people of Malankara Church stood firm in Jacobite faith
WHo was the Goan Bishop that destroyed the books?
• Goan Bishop Menesiz destroyed all great Syrian books except for one old ancient Syriac Bible.
• 14th century
: Roman Catholic Bishop John de Monte Carvino reached Kerala accidently
Where was the place where various Roman Chalothlics workers gathered?
• 1539: Persecution of Malankara Christians
o Bishop of Goa (John de Albuquerque) began an organized persecution of Malankara Christian who did not join Roman Catholics.
o They also used bribes and giving free education with free boarding in Catholic seminaries to gain support.
o Kodungallor was the center of these activities
o Consequences of the persecution
1599- Udayamperoor Synod: by using military Malankara church was brought under Roman Catholic
1653-Koonankurisu Oath: Jacobites returning by refusing to be under the Catholic faith and returning to the mother church
1. Who was the Christian traveler that visited Kerala in the 6th century? What is the mane of the book he wrote?
a. The Christian traveler was from Alexandria, Egypt; his name was Cosmos. The name of the book he wrote is "Universal Christian Topography
2. How can you prove that Cosmos was not a Nestorian?
a. H wrote that he saw a well established Church having many priests and deacons and good churches in addition to a Metropolitan who came from Persia and whenever St. Mary was mentioned he used the term 'Mother of God' to describe her, tells he is not a Nestorian
3. Malankara Church was under the holy throne of Antioch. Give evidence?
a. The fact that it was the Catholicos of Selucia under the Patriarch of Antioch, who was sending Metropolitans to Malankara and also the inscriptions on the Persian granite crosses in Kottayam Valia Palli and other ancient churches from 7th and 8th centuries, makes it clear that the Malankara church was connected to the throne of Antioch.
4. When was the second Syrian migration? Who was the leader? Who were the Bishops that came?
a. The second migration was on 822 AD. It was under the leadership of Saphore Easo, a Syrian trader. Mar Sabore and Mar Afroth are the bishops who came.
5. Which is the sole Christian royal family that ruled in Kerala? To whom was the 'rod" of that royal family presented?
a. 'Villiar Vattom' is the only Christian royal family to rule in Kerala. The 'rod' of the royal family was presented by Malankara church to the Portuguese navigator, Vasco da Gama.
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