Eastern Orthodox Church
Terms in this set (48)
what does orthodox mean?
Why did the full split between east and west happen?
communication problems and language barrier because the east spoke Greek, west Latin. Political unity broken when Rome fell.
What did the East refuse to do?
accept the authority of the pope.
When did the great schism occur
why did the great schism occur
Pope Leo IX excommunicated the leader of the Greek Church, who was the patriarch of Constantinople, who then excommunicated the pope
what did they call the patriarch of Constantinople
what does the patriarch of Constantinople have
ten administrative jurisdictions
what are the ten administrative jurisdictions
1. ecumenical patriarchate of constantinople.
2. patriarchate of Alexandria.
3. patriarchate of jerusalem.
4. patriarchate of cyprus.
5. patriarchate of greece.
6. patriarchate of russia, serbia, romania, bulgaria, georgia, czechoslovakia, and albania
what is the hierarchy of the Eastern Orthodox church?
top to bottom: Patriarch, Metropolitan, Bishop, Presbyters/priests, monks, deacons.
What are some things that deacons have the rights of
laity elect clergy.
marriage is permitted only before orders.
divorce granted under certain circumstances.
both clergy and monks have beards
What does Eastern Orthodox confess the doctrine of
the doctrine of the 7 ecumenical councils.
How do they recognize the pope of rome?
as chief bishop in christendom.
what is another name of the pope
the first among equals
what does the Eastern orthodoxy not recognize in the Nicene Creed
what is the filioque
and from the son; inserted in the 6th century
describe the churches of Eastern Orthodoxy
rich and beautiful with many icons
who are the two fathers in whom much trust is put in Eastern Orthodoxy
st basil and st john chrysostom
what type of roofs do Eastern Orthodox churches have
what does Eastern Orthodoxy have instead of statues
what is the eucharist called in Eastern Orthodoxy
what is the eucharist
the body and blood of christ
how is congregation in Eastern Orthodoxy
not formal, people move about
hows the music in Eastern Orthodoxy
no organ music but choral singing
what does Eastern Orthodoxy have less emphasis on
what are the sacraments called in Eastern Orthodoxy
what is the body position in Eastern Orthodox masses
people stand, some high armed chars along the walls
what is icon stasis
icon screen with doors that separates the nave from the sanctuary
what is the three fold purpose in Eastern Orthodoxy
1. create reverence in worship.
2. to instruct those who are unable to read.
3. serve as an existential link between the worshipper and God
why aren't icons worshipped
they are venerated because there is only one god to worship
what does painting an icon involve
not only mastering the necessary techniques, possible only through apprenticeship, but is a work of prayer. making an icon is a work of prayer, fasting, and meditation.
what is the primary purpose of an icon
to aid in worship. its design follows this purpose through lines and color the iconographer conveys the awesomeness of the invisible, divine reality.
what is the creation of an icon defined by
tradition. nowadays no iconographer would change the face of Christ.
what are some features of the icons
sensory organs (eyes, nose, ears) are not true to anatomy because each of them has been changed by divine Grace and has ceased to be a sensory organ of the biological person
what is window on the kingdom
and icon that is theology in imagery, the icon expresses through color what the gospel proclaims in words
how are the eyes on icons
painted large and animated to express physical beauty
how are the ears on icons
painted large as a symbolic projection of the ears of the soul that have heard and still hear the good news of christ.
how is the nose on icons
larger than its natural length and thin so that is it not meant to smell the things of this world but the fragrance of christ and the holy spirit
how is the mouth on icons
shaped small to express that the represented saint "takes not thought of his life, what he shall eat and what he shall drink," but seeks first the kingdom of God and his righteousness
what do halos represent on the icons
holiness of the person. one odes note depend on the halo alone to understand that the represented person is a saint. holiness is indicated by the entire form and style of the icon that is why the halo is sometimes missing from some icons
what do the colors on icons mean
blue reveals heaven and mystery. green is youth, fertility and the earth's vegetation. red is the color of blood that suggests life, vitality, and beauty. white is purity, the divine world and innocence. gold indicates sanctity, splendor, and the glory of God and life in the heavenly kingdom. purple reveals wealth, power, and authority
gives honor to an icon by kneeling or bowing before it or by kissing the icon the christian is not paying respect to wood and paint. instead its the acknowledgment that the icon represents much more and that the link between the icon and the person in the heaven is real. he believes that income mystical fashion the veneration given to the icon will be received by the person it portrays
what is christ always shown as
do the icons in Eastern Orthodoxy have emotions
why does christs face always reman of an adult
reveals that even though christ lived as a child among us he was also god
someone who performs iconoclasm... the destruction of religious symbols
image breaking. is the deliberate destruction within a culture of the culture's own religious icons and other symbols or monuments, usually for religious or political motives. it is a frequent component of major domestic political or religious changes
after the great schism what did the western church have/believe in
pope. filioque, purgatory. stautes. celibacy. organ music. organized service. seven sacraments.
after the great schism what did Eastern Orthodoxy have/believe in
no pope. no filioque or purgatory. icons. priests can marry. domed roofs. no instrumental music. much looser in service. seven mysteries. services can last for several hours