Everything else besides words, one can not not communicate
Formal NVC def
A dynamic and on-going process whereby... senders and receivers exchange messages... beyond the words themselves"
Defining NVC further
nonverbal messages include all communication that is - Direct/ non-arbitrary -nonlinguistic - typically governed by the right brain hemesphere -encode/ decode NV cues with varying degrees of "awareness and control"
study of how humans use space and distance
study of how people use object to communicate ownership of space
Study of body movement
the study of touch
study of the human voice
What nonverbal is not, Communication is actually?
A shift of behavior, which is a subset of information
What type of behaviors are not communication behaviors
Nonverbal communication is ambiguous, Perception checking can be?
direct or indirect
Which traits might advantage people over others?
Intelligence, attractiveness, money
Bio Evolutionary Paradign, By having the selective traits that make you survive enables you to?
Thrive, survive, and procreate
Evolutionary theorists argue that _______ traits appear with greater frequency
advantageous traits (intelligence, attractiveness, appeal to achieve)
6 universal emotions
1. joy 2. anger 3. sadness 4. suprise 5. fear 6. disgust *contempt added later
"perceived distance" how far or close you are to another person
Nonverbal Immediacy promotes affiliation, affection, warmth through
touch, proximics, gestures, body positions, direct body orientation
not seeing something because you weren't attending to it
we often miss huge changes when we are not paying attention
2 sources of nonverbal
innate and learned
NVC and context
judge context first helps us communicate who a person is and can lead to impression and perception about what we value and how we want others to treat us
Nancy Henley & touch , touch is likely
o giving information of advice o giving an order o asking for a favor o tying to persuade o deep conversation o outside of work (environments) o when communicating excitement o receiving messages of worry
Henley- issues related to touch
power, intimacy, emotion
Known as adaptors and self manipulators increases as psychological discomfort increases
Learned facial expressions
acquired through cultural, social, and family experiences -we can learn how to act in certain situations -children are taught what is appropriate and inappropriate nonverbal behavior
Speaker : Listener eye gaze ratio (dominant vs. non-dominant speakers)
-Average length of a gaze= 2.95 seconds -Average length of mutual gaze= 1.18 seconds -On average speakers gaze less than listener -We gaze over 50% of the time -The socially dominant had more gave -10 seconds or more of gazing means hostility