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art history elements and principles of art
Terms in this set (108)
The action or path the viewer's eye follows throughout an artwork.
Caused by using elements under the rules of the principles in art to give the feeling of action and to guide the viewer's eyes throughout the artwork.
Van Gogh's "Starry Night" is an example of...
Another word for unity.
The quality of oneness that is achieved through the effective use of elements and principles of art.
When everything works together an looks like it fits.
Caillebotte's "Fruit Displayed on a Stand" is an example of what?
The quality of having different forms or types.
The differences in variety creates interest with the use of ______, _______, and differences in ____ and ____.
Contrast, emphasis, size, color
Cropsey's "In the Valley" is an example of what?
Arranging elements so that no one part of a work overpowers or seems heavier than any other part.
What are the different types of balance?
symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial
A type of balance where both sides of an imaginary line are the same.
Symmetrical balance is also called _____
A type of balance that each side of an imaginary line is different, but has equal weight.
Asymmetrical balance is also called _______
A type of balance that lines or shapes grown from a central point.
The focus is concentrated through design principles or meaning
Is used to attract the viewer's eyes to a place of special importance in an artwork
Emphasis is also called ______
Cassatt's "The Letter" is an example of what?
Creates excitement and interest by having things in the artwork that are different
What are the types of contrast?
High and low contrast
Contrast use to make something show up or stand out
Contrast that gives a softer look
Van Gogh's "wheatfields with crows" is an example of what?
Monet's "bridge over a pond of water lilies" is an example of what?
Describes the relative size and locations of objects in the artwork, and gives a sense of size seen as a relationship of objects
Proportion is also called _____
Shows consistency with colors, shapes, or lines
Created by repeating colors, shapes, or lines over and over again
The "Golden Effigy of King Tut" is an example of what?
Monet's "Water Lilies" is an example of what?
A visual thing that makes you think or hear music or dance
Hiroshige's "In Okazaki" is an example of what?
An element of art that is used to define shape, contour, and outlines
What does a line also suggest?
Mass and volume
May be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes and forms
what are the characteristics of a line?
Width, length, direction, focus, feeling
thick, thin, tapering, uneven
long, short, continuous, broken
Horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curving, perpendicular, parallel, radial, zigzag
sharp, blurry, fuzzy, choppy
sharp, jagged, graceful, smooth
What are types of lines?
Outline, contour, gesture, sketch, calligraphic, implied
Lines made by edge of an object or it's silhouette
Lines that describe the shape of an object and the interior detail
Lines that are energetic and catch the movement and gestures of an active figure
Lines that capture the appearance of an object
Greek word meaning beautiful writing
Precise, elegant writing or lettering done by hand
Lines that are not actually drawn but are created by a group of objects seen from a distance
The direction and object is pointing to, or the direction of a person is looking
The range of lightness and darkness within picture
it is created by a light source that shines on an object creating highlights and shadows
Creates depth Within a picture, making an object look three-dimensional with highlights and shadows, or in a landscape where it gets lighter in value as it recedes to the background
What are the categories of value?
Thin, shade, high key, low key, value contrast, value scale
Adding white to color paint to create a lighter values such as light blue or pink
Adding black to paint to create dark values such as dark blue or dark red
The picture is all light values
The picture is all dark values
Light values are placed next to the dark values to create contrast
Shows the gradual change in volume from its widest values to the darkest values
When a line crosses itself or intersects with other lines to enclose a space it creates what?
Two dimensional; Has height and width but no depth
What are the categories of shapes?
Geometric, organic, positive, negative, static, dynamic
Circles, squares, rectangles, and triangles
Shapes seen in architecture and manufactured items
Leaves, seashells, flowers
Seen in nature and with characteristics that are free flowing
Organic shapes are both ______ and ______
Informal and irregular
In the sculpture, the solid form of the sculpture
In sculpture it is the empty s whale around and between the sculptures
Shapes that appear stable and resting
Shapes that appear moving and active
The three dimensionally of an object
The three dimensionally of the sculpture
A three-dimensional object will have what three things?
Height width and depth
What are the categories of space?
Positive space, negative space, Picture plane, composition, focal point
The method of showing depth that incorporates position, overlapping, size variation, color, value
Placing an object higher on a page makes it appear farther back than objects place lower on the
The object in front appears closer to the viewer; the object behind appears farther away
Smaller objects look farther away in the distance; larger objects look closer
Bright colors look like they are closer to you; neutral colors look like they are farther away
Lighter values look like they're farther back; darker values looks like they are closer
What are the different types of perspectives?
Non-linear perspective, foreground, back ground, middleground, Linear perspective
Appears closer to the viewer
Appears farthest from the viewer
Area in between the Background and foreground
What are the two types of linear perspective?
One point perspective and two point perspective
The surface quality of an object
What are the two categories of texture?
Real texture and implied texture
Comes from light
A tool used to organize color
Yellow, red, blue. These colors can't be mixed and they must be bought in some form
Orange, Violet, green. These colors are created by mixing two primary colors
What are the intermediate colors?
Red/orange, yellow/green, blue/violet
Created by mixing a primary color with a secondary color
Colors opposite of each other on the wheel
When an artist uses certain combinations of colors that create different looks or feelings
The way color typically appears
Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel
Three equally spaced colors on the wheel
One color is used, but in different values and intensities
The colors on the left of the wheel
Red, orange, and yellow are what kind of colors?
The colors on the right side of the wheel
Blue and violet and green are what kind of colors?
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