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Classical Civilizations Review
Terms in this set (25)
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
Leader of Persia, Refused to enslave subjects, seen as liberator not a conqueror
Cyrus the Great
king of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon (550-486 BC)
Darius the Great
-Mountains caused isolation and the development of independent city-states
first Roman emperor;won the civil war following Julius Ceaser's assasiantion and went on to unify the empire and establish the Pax Romana
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities
50,000 miles spanned the Roman Empire, spreading its legions, culture and immense influence.
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 6,440 km (4,000 mi) and linking China with the Roman Empire. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay.
Greek philosopher; socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth
Socrates' most well known pupil. Founded an academy in Athens.
Father of history
Made dictator for life in 45 BCE, after conquering Gaul, assassinated in 44 BCE by the Senate because they were afraid of his power
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, ranging from the Ionian Revolt (499-494 B.C.E.) through Darius's punitive expedition that failed at Marathon. Chronicled by Herodotus.
(431-404 BCE) The war between Athens and Sparta that in which Sparta won, but left Greece as a whole weak and ready to fall to its neighbors to the north.
A democratic Greek city who accomplished many cultural achievements, and who were constantly at war with Sparta.
Greek city-state that was focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
A Chinese philosopher and teacher whose beliefs had a great influence on Chinese life
Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian and Indian ideas, as a result of Alexander the Great's Empire.
lover of, or searcher for, wisdom or knowledge; person who regulates his or her life by the light of reason
-glorified human beings; status stressed admired traits of beauty, strength, intelligence, pride, grace, and courage
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
The Pax Romana and extensive roads made the spread of this religion possible
Rome's first code of laws; adopted in 450 B.C.
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