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What groups of people moved to the west and for what reasons after the civil war
Transcontinental railroad. Homestead act of 1862. 40 million . m c r f
Gold Rush, Hoping to strike it rich. Comstock and Pikes peak. 340 million kings of Comstock. Brough civilization to the west. Mining corporations. Boom towns. Saloons.
Homestead act of 1862( 160 if live) , wheat, timber culture act ( 160 if trees) problems, transportation, dry farming.
open ranges originally, long driving, dodge city and abliene, profit, gliddens barbed wire, sheep out, cattle in. overstocking, rustlers, and overproduction.
Apache, Crow, cheynee ACC- resistance, war, matrons, education, wounded knee- chvington-dawes servalty act. 1887. Buffalo.
4 motivations- miners: minerals farmers: land cattle ranchers: open range native am: resistant
What Problems did farmers encounter in the far west? And how did they respond?
Last to settle. Encouraged by homestead, 5 transcontinental railroad, timber culture. Formed grange
decline 30% 1870 18% 1910. Railway- high cost transportation. Eastern businesses- high cost machinery. Banks 25% intrest 40 loan. No other option.
lassie faire. Mckinley tariff 48. Crime of 73 9 gold standard) high property taxes
Grange. Oliver Kelley in National grange of the patrons of husbandry. Cooperative. Eliminate middlemen. 80,000 members. 400 enterprises. All of them failed. Lack of experience. Hostility. Farmers declaration. Granger laws- limited poolsWabash case- icc- death of grange.
Response Farmers Alliance
1875 regionalized. Ocala demands.pre- populist party Graduated income tax. Govt take over telegraph and railroads. Free silver. End of absentee. Govt funds for farmers. Single term. Intiative and referendum.
Ocala demands were pre populist party
What were the goals and demands of the Populist movement and to what extent did they achieve these goals?
Peoples party 1892 election success. James b weaver illinoi 1 million votes. Popular, south and far west
Fight the money trust and nationalization of telephones, graphs and rr, so that they could graduate an income tax loan to farmers for the unlimited coinage of silver. Harveys coins financial school.
Jacob coxey. Coxeys march. Panic of 1893- rr overspec and agriculture. dissatisfied with it called for 500 million and govt public works program. 500 showed up, arrested for lawn walking.
gold silver or both. Clevland Sherman silver purchase act. Jennings bryan ran for pop combined with dem- cross of gold speech. Mckinely won. 271 to 176.
Demise of Populism
After election, lost identity. Found gold in Alaska. Long term Ocala adopted.
party died. Effects lasted.
What factors contributed to Post Bellum Industrialization?
US fourth leading nation-9
Discovery of raw yankee ingenuity which invented taylorism and extended railroads. Formed huge corporations with increased education, govt policy and grew the population.
Discovery of an abundance of basic raw materials and energy sources... especially coal, iron, wood, and petroleum
Remarkable technological inventiveness—"Yankee Ingenuity"—which created machinery, devices, new materials, and the productive processes necessary for Industrial growth
Development of the ideas of scientific management—Taylorism
Extension of Network of Railroads
Availability of investment capital/ entrepreneurs—Civil War Millionaires Inc./ "Shoddy Millionaires"
Formation of huge corporations with large amounts of investment capital
Increased educational opportunities at the high school and federal level
. A large and growing supply of labor and consumers (Increased Population/ Supply of Labor & Consumers)
1 percent owned 88 percent
Attitude towards wealth in post bellum years
1865-1900 USA number one by 94.Oligarchy of entrepreneurs .
bobbin boy , built his way up. Vertical integration. Social Darwinism gospel of wealth and gave away 350 million.
Interlocking directorate, bought us steel - first billion dollar corporation. Financial titan.
organized the American railway union. Imprisoned because he refused to accept Pullman strike. Socialist. One million votes in 1912.
Progress and Poverty. Predicted social revolution. Wanted standard land tax. Thought that population in cities pushed prices up.
What problems were laborers faced with, and how successful were labor groups in achieving their goal?
Henry George progress and poverty, more poverty than progress. Gilded age. 1% has 88% of wealth. Dumbbell tenements
Tedious, unsafe 10 -12. Abuse of women and children
National Labor Union
William Slyvis in 1866. Federation of 640,000. Skilled and unskilled. Wanted 8 hours and dept of labor. Turned to politics and overextended
Knights of Labor
uriah stephens 1869. Poorly led organized. Failed. Workers. 8 hr workdaycontract labor. Haymarket square.
National labor union
Samuel gompers in1881 Successful. Skilled. Elitist. 8 hr. sick leave 2million cooperative bargaining.
laborers had a hard time gaining ground. Wobblies. AFL learned from mistake
Why did the labor unions make so little progress?
AFL Knights. Nat labor. Poorly led. Small memberships. Weak and associated with violence.
Only 4 percent of workers- birds of passage. Black list deterrent. Nlu 640 peak. Afl 190 peak
too few, distracted by womens rights, temperance, elitist. Only local chapters for knights.
Associated with violence
Mccormck harvester and haymarket square. Bomb kills 7. IWW wobblies- socialist anarchist. Action and sabotage.
Forces against too strong
corporations used scabs, blacklsits, spies, yellow dog contracts. Suppressed riots on some levels. Homestead strike- 8000 troops. Mail. Media controlled.
wages up. 8 hrs. did work
What factors brought about the decline of the native Americans on the Great Plains?
Into the late 19th.pushed west. Bad for plain Indians ( Sioux, blackfoot, kiowa apache, Comanche crow.)
killed by hunters,galloping department store, parts. Skin clothes, tendons - bow strings maure fuel.
rr brought people west. Telegraph poles. Mining. Electricity. Weapons. Barbed wire.
Sioux killed 700 settlers led by little crow. Chvington sand creek massacre. Little big horn- only victory aka custers last stand- Sioux massacred at wounded knee for ghost dance
US govt people
people didn't care- matrons 0 no respect for culture. Dawes severalty act 87.
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