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Terms in this set (66)

memory can be important for remembering the placement of hidden food and offspring.
Memory can help animals avoid bad locations and foods that could put them in danger.
Memory gives flexibility and aids in survival.

Ecologically based memory: certain animals have certain kinds of memory

Comparison of same species in different habitats.

STUDYING MEMORY
Encoding: conversion of incoming information into neural signals that will be used for later processing

Elaboration

Consolidation: process of modifying encoded representations so that they become more stable

retrieval: accessing what is stored

Recognition: identifying info as familiar

Recall: generation information from memory stores in absence of cues

Short-term memory (STM): temporary storage for input from the environment

Long-term memory (LTM): more permanent storage of information

Working memory: memory for events on a specific trial

Reference memory: memory for the unchanging characteristics of a task

Episodic Memory: memory of events in one's past

Semantic memory: memory or facts and ideas

Procedural memory: memory for how to do something

Declarative Memory: memory or facts

in humans, can test recognition and recall

Most tests of animal memory rely on recognition

Habituation tasks: repeating the same thing over and over again to see the decrease in response or excitement over time. they remember seeing it before

vary retention interval: showing them something and then asking them what they have seen

Delayed match to sample:
present picture of a triangle then wait a couple seconds and ask subject to recall which one it was


Chimps had to remember the pattern of numbers