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12 terms

Unit 2 Vocabulary

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Aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
Democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Dictator
A ruler who has complete power over a country
Hellenistic culture
Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian and Indian ideas, as a result of Alexander the Great's Empire
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Monarchy
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
Mycenaean
Of, relating to, or being the Aegean civilization that spread its influence from Mycenae to many parts of the Mediterranean region from about 1580 to 1120 B.C.
Oligarchy
form of gov in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite (group)
Pax Roma
Literally "the Roman peace"; it refers to the period of peace and prosperity during which the empire enjoyed two hundred years of peace and Roman cultivation flourished.
Roman Republic
(510 - 47 B.C.E.) The balanced constitution of Rome; featured an aristocratic Senate, a panel of magistrates, and several popular assemblies.
Roman Senate
A council whose members were the heads of wealthy, landowning families. Originally an advisory body to the early kings, in the era of the Roman Republic the Senate effectively governed the Roman state and the growing empire.